FC: How INSPECT Shaped Society
1: Ideas What ideas changed America to how we see it today? One idea is the thought of | kicking the Native Americans off their land. The colonists relocated the Indians to different areas. The Natives had to go through the Trail of Tears. They were forced to leave their ancestors land and everything they've known.
2: Another idea is the creation of the American System. This is a plan to build roads and canals, stimulate trade, and make a national bank to control inflation and lend money. The person who came up
3: with this plan is Henry Clay. He believed that all three parts of this plan would work together. All three parts would play a different roll that would help out the economy. However, most people didn't agree with this project. Jefferson thought the American System favored the wealthy manufacturing classes of New England.
4: The last idea is settling into Oregon. The settlers began settling into Oregon in the late 1830s. Many people settled there because of the economic troubles in their home land.
5: National Geographic: Most of the settlers lived east of the Appalachian Mountains. As the population grew many families started spreading west of the mountains. When Ohio joined the Union, congress built a road going | into the west. The farmers usually traveled by wagon, but there were other means of transportation. Rivers were a big part of transportation because they were more comfortable. This river system had two main problems though.
6: Firstly, most major rivers in the region flowed north-south, not east to west; which is where most goods were headed. Second, traveling upstream by barge was difficult and slow. Boats still had their advantages and they made shipping goods less costly. because of this many more states joined.
7: Social: In 1816 James Monroe was elected president, and James Madison was elected Monroe's predecessor. Madison called for tariffs to protect industries, for a national bank, and for other programs. Political tension seemed to fade away causing a Boston newspaper to call this the Era of Good Feelings.
8: The Era of Good Feelings didn't last long. Conflict arose between north and south. South | wanted slaves, but North apposed slavery. So when the issue of admitting Missouri arose, the South | thought it should be a slave state, but the North thought it should be free. The Missouri Compromise fixed the problem.
9: Political: from 1816-1824, the U.S. had only one political party. this party was called the Jeffersonian Republicans. However, conflicts arose. Monroe was in his last year as president. Four people were running for presidency at the time.
10: They were William Crawford, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and John Adams. None of the candidates received more than half so the House of Representatives voted for Adams. | In 1828 they divided into separate parties, Democratic-Republicans and the National Republicans. In the next election Jackson wins presidency.
11: Economic: Jackson decided not to run a third year, so the Democrats selected Martin Van Buren. He was inaugurated in 1837. The Country then entered an economic depression. Land values dropped sharply investments declined suddenly, and banks failed. | Many people couldn't afford anything, so they put signs up saying, "Bread, Meat, Rent, and Fuel!Their prices must come down! The Voice of the People will be heard and will prevail!"
12: Cultural: In the 1830's a small religious group was formed called the Mormons. They came to Utah to fulfill their visions of the Godly life. Joseph Smith founded the first Mormon church. He had visions that led him to start a new Christian church, and he wanted to use
13: these visions to build an ideal society. Smith formed a community in New York, but their neighbors disapproved of their religious views.
14: Technological: without technology the Industrial Revolution could not have taken place. Inventions such as the spinning jenny, the water frame, and the power loom made it possible to | make cloths by machine faster, saving time and money. Most mills were built near rivers because they were water powered. The cotton gin was a simple machine that quickly removed the seeds from the cotton. Congress then passed a patient law giving the inventor sole legal rights
15: Cause and Effect: What were the causes of past events? We live in a generation where technology is a big part of our society. Those machines have made life easier and less costly.
16: Using the Past: How is the past different from the present? The past was just starting to use technology, but today we are using machines that they never dreamed would exist. We use machines for almost everything we do now, but back then they didn't have any of the cool things we have today. We live in a more modern society.
17: Through Their Eyes: How did people in the past view their world? They viewed it as a world just starting a new age. They didn't know about the technology yet, so they thought they had good lives. They had to work hard for what they had. Most people were farmers, and grew crops.
18: Turning Points: How did past decisions or actions affect future choices? If the people wouldn't have selected Jackson as president, then maybe the Indians wouldn't have been removed from their home land. If that wouldn't have happened then the world would be a whole different place. We might have had a whole new society that tied into the Native American culture.
19: Change and Continuity: What has changed, and what has remained the same? Society has become more technologically advanced and we have less farmers. Religious beliefs haven't changed much. theres still Catholic, Mormons, Lutherans and many other religions.
20: Work Cited Appelby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, Albert Broussard, James McPherson, and Donald Ritchie. The American Republic. Student ed. McGraw-Hill Companies, 2005.670.Print.