S: Incas, Mayas, Aztecs Kroeker
FC: Aztecs, Mayas, Incas | By M. Kroeker
1: Introduction So you are wondering about the Aztecs, Incas, and Mayas. This book will help. All you need to do is read. It's that easy!
2: Q: Who were the Aztecs? A: The Aztecs were people that lived in Central America, their capital city was Tenochtitlan and was built on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco. This city was located where Mexico City is located today.
3: The Aztec civilization started in 1100 AD, and sadly, their civilization ended with destruction from the Spanish. Although they destroyed their civilization we have found evidence of the Aztecs. There is always something new to learn!
4: There are four main social classes- nobles, commoners, serfs, and slaves. The nobles had many rights. Most of the time they received a full education. They wore fancy clothes and decorated their houses. The serfs were assigned to plots of land and their pay was a portion of the crop. If the owner of the land decided to sell a plot the serf could be sold with the land. The commoners make up the majority of the population. They farm their own land but they also have to work the nobles land. Then there are the slaves. They are the lowest class of people. There were ways for the slaves to gain freedom. If they wanted to gain financial wealth, they could sell themselves as a slave. They were also protected by the law.
5: Fast Facts Did you know that the ancient Aztecs made temples to line up with stars or planets? The Aztecs made temples that were maybe about three storys tall. (It's just an estament.)The bottom part looks like an unfinished pyrimid but at the top is a temple, they look very cool with all the colors. <---
6: Q: Who were the Incas? A:The Incas were people that lived in the southern part of South America.
7: The Inca civilization existed in 18,000 BCE. They were ruled by the Sapa Inca. The Sapa Inca was the emporer. He had many wives but married his sister as his main wife. They carried him everywhere he went, sweeping and throwing petals before him. Only the son of his main wife would become the next Sapa Inca. If more than one son was born the one who proved himself stronger than the others was chosen by the current Sapa Inca before he died.
8: There were five social classes in the Inca society. They were: - "Chosen Women" - Herders - Craftsmen - Weavers - Sourcerers | The "Chosen Women" lived in the temple and taught domestic art and studied religion. They were assigned jobs in the homes of the wealthy. The herders herded llamas and alpacas for meat and wool. The young boys job was to drive off foxes or any animals that might harm the herd. The Craftsmen made necklaces for the rich from gold and pearls. They made weapons, pottery, and bronze by melting copper and tin together. They also made statues knives, pins for garments and tools.
9: The weavers made blankets, ropes, clothing, and baskets out of wool. Some of the wool fabrics they made felt like silk. Both men and women were weavers. The sorcerers were local people that were believed to have special abilities. The were locally powerful because they could cast spells, omens, read, and through the use of magic it may help or hinder you in your goals.
10: Q: Who were the Mayas? A: The Mayas were people that lived in the southern tip of North America where Honduras and Nicaragua are today. They were closer to the Aztecs than the Incas.
11: The Mayas civilization began around 2500 BCE. The were governed by city-states. A different noble family ruled each city. A city-state is an area with an independent city including the area around it.
12: The Mayas had different social classes. They were: - The Leaders - nobles - priests - craftmen - traders - warriors - farmers - other workers - slaves | At the top of the social classes were the Leaders. The Leaders were the noble family that ruled the city. The leadership was always passed down from father to son because they were believed to be from the "Hero Twins."If you want to learn about the "Hero Twins" go to mayas.mrdonn.com/herotwins.html. The nobles were people that were not really rulers but of royal blood- brothers, cousins, sisters, uncles, aunts that were from the royal family.
13: They believed they were so important that once they appeared in public their servants would hold a cloth in front of their face. So no one could talk to them directly. | The priests.- The Mayan religion was at heart of pretty much all Mayan activities. They believed that the priests could talk to gods, and that gives the priests a lot of power. The priests were the most powerful in society. | The priests dicided almost everything in Mayan daily life. The priests decided when people could marry, who to marry, when to plant, and who to sacrifice.
14: The craftsmen made beautiful fabrics. They made musical insruments like drums and shell horns. The art they made honored gods or leaders. The wariors.- The Mayas were at war often. The warriors were highly respected. The farmers.- Many Mayan peasants were farmers. The farmers worked very hard. The Mayas didn't have any metal tools. They farmed mostly by hand, and some by stone axes. The slaves were made up of capured enemies. As a slave one worked for noble families taking care of children or cleaning or they worked in the fields.
15: Works Cited "Aztec Social Classes." Aztec History. 18 Feb. 2009