FC: I.N.S.P.E.C.T | deas | atural | ocial | olitical | conomy | ultural | ech | Westward Expansion
1: This is dedicated to my favorite coach, Grant Clafton. | Dedication
2: There were many ideas that helped grow the expansion of the Western U.S. | Ideas | The Indian Reservations are an example of this. | The first Indian Reservation was the Brothern Reservation which was made for the Algonquin.
3: The Next idea that helped the Westward Expansion was when the US presidents got the thought to expand the country. | A great example of this is the Louisiana Purchase. This doubled the land area of the United States and it is the reason there can be a 'Western Expansion' | Ideas
4: Natural | Natural and Geographic features of the new American West were the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains. | The Rocky Mountains posed a problem because of their immense size. Another problem was the unpredictable weather. | Settlers were usually led though the mountains by trappers and fur traders.
5: Natural | The Great Plains were one of the places that settlers setup homesteads and farmed on. It was previously thought that the Great Plains were an inhospitable and unfarmable region, but it was quite the opposite. They proved to have some of the most fertile soil in the country, this undoubtedly increased settlement of the West.
6: Social | To the settlers moving West the land was untamed and uncivilized. The land was the also theirs and the American Indians living there were trespassing. This is almost funny because of the fact that the Native Americans had no say in whether or not the land was theres.
7: Social | Social | Some social beliefs of the 1800s were that Native Americans were uncivilized and savage. The Indians were not uncivilized, they just had a different and less advanced society. | The Indians also had a very different culture, one that was more honest and almost naive. This of course lead to the Indians getting taking advantage of. Which made them look unsophisticated.
8: Political | The Louisiana Purchase was one of the most important events in American history. Without it the Westward expansion never would have happened. Thomas Jefferson bought the land from France for about 15 million dollars. | The reason that France wanted to sell the land was because France needed money for their war against Britain.
9: Political | Another event was putting the different Indian tribes onto reservations. This was done because the Indians would not be able to fit into American society, also they would not have wanted to so its a way for them to preserve their culture without influence form the white settlers. | Unfortunately for the Indians, resources such as gold or coal were found on the reservation. Then the Indians were moved again. This is political because the US government was telling the Native governments where they could live and what they could do.
10: Economy | The economy of the U.S. was in good standing for the early 1800's. This is obvious because the US bought the Louisiana purchase for 15 million dollars, which is $211,699,586 in todays money. | The biggest economic depression was "The Scare of 1837" The scare halted economic growth for the next three years.
11: Economy | The Second Bank of the United States was established in 1816. The main reason it was established was because of the war of 1812, which resulted in inflation. Like the first bank it only survived for 20 years before its charter was up. Its charter wasn't renewed and the bank went bankrupt in 1841.
12: Culture | People who lived in the cities lived in multi room houses, apartment buildings and boarding houses. | In the country or rural areas, a one room cabin was quite common.
13: Culture | The jobs of the 1800's were rustic by todays standards. At this time the Industrial Revolution was just starting . Common jobs were: Working on the Railroad Working in mills Mining and also working in town, running shops and such.
14: Technology | Many things helped spur the Westward Expansion. One of the biggest things was the implementation of the Steam Engine Train | This invention moved people and goods faster and safer across the West. This helped colonize the new lands even faster than before. It also made the transportation of resources from across the country much easier.
15: Technology | Another invention that made a big impact was the sewing machine. This might not sound like too big of a deal but it was. | This invention saved time on making clothes. So it took less time to make clothes and it also made the stitches better. The gave people especially women more time to work on other things.
16: Thinking like a Historian | Cause and effect | Who did not support the Westward Expansion of the United States? | A: The Native Americans of the time did not want the US to grow any more. Mainly because as the US territory grew, the Indian lands shrunk. | Change and Continuity | Who benefited from the Western Expansion? | A: The United States benefited from this. It gained not only more land but land that was rich in resources. If the Louisiana Purchase hadn't occurred the US wouldn't be as strong of a nation
17: Thinking like a Historian | Using the Past | How is the past different from the present? | In this instance the past and present are very different. One of the biggest reasons is that there isn't any unexplored land like there was at that time. Also even if there was it wouldn't be a big deal to know what is there because of satellites and other modern technologies | Turning Points | How did the decision to move the Cherokee affect their lives? | The decision to move the Cherokee Nation affected those people a lot. The Cherokee were moved from their home land and out to a new location. This affected there lives because they had to live in a completely new land and they also had to set up there lives again | Through Their Eyes | How did the Americans view the new lands? | The Americans viewed the new lands as that they had acquired as theirs. They didn't stop to think that Indians had laid claim to these lands before them. Along with this the Americans felt they had the right to kick the Natives off their lands because they "bought " the land
18: Sources | 1) The American Republic: to 18887 by Joyce Appleby, Alan Brinkly, Albert S. Broussard, James M. McPherson and Donald A. Ritchie. chapters 10-12. | 2) About.com http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/Nineteenth.htm
19: 3) 1800slife.tripod.com http://1800slife.tripod.com/id9.html | 4) kclibrary.lonestar.com http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/19thcentury1800.htm | 5)The Trail of Tears [video from class]