FC: Westward Expansion
1: "I" Ideas
2: Indian Removal Act Settlers wanted the Native Americans who lived in the Southeast to be relocated. This sparked the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This was designed to give the white Americans more land.
3: The Cherokee nation refused to give up its Sacred Land. This caused them to be forced upon the long journey west that soon became known as the Trail of Tears.
4: Manifest Destiny Americans believed that it was their destiny or mission to settle in the west and expand the country.
5: The Manifest Destiny propaganda sparked the Homestead Act. All in all, this mentality led to the Oregon Trail and the expansion of the West.
6: The Missouri Compromise In February of 1819, it was proposed that Missouri become a free state.
7: A compromise was finally reached when Maine petitioned to become a state. | The Missouri Compromise stipulated that all of the Louisiana Purchase north of | Missouri 's southern border were to be free. All that is, but Missouri.
8: "N" Natural/Geographic
9: River Travel Due to the abundance of rivers in the United States, river travel soon became pertinent. | This soon would cause a need for canals to be built...
10: California Gold Rush A large amount of gold was discovered in California. Many settlers moved out west in hope to make a fortune.
11: This gold rush more than doubled the world's supply of gold. This enormous geological discovery largely impacted the U.S. economy and the population in the West.
12: Cotton Plantations The large production of cotton on many southern plantations made a need for something to produce clothing. Later on in history, the natural growth of cotton helped create the cotton gin...
13: "S" Social
14: Growth of Sectionalism Sectionalism was the term used to describe fierce loyalty to one's region. If you lived in the South, you were loyal to the South and agreed with everything the South proposed.
15: This caused many issues when it came to decision making in congress and tariff proposals. This also caused many violent outbreaks with government officials and tension between the young country's leaders.
16: The Battle of The Alamo The Battle of the Alamo was fought to gain Texas's independence. The siege lasted a total of 13 days. During the battle, all of the Texan defenders were killed. 189 Texans were killed while 1600 Mexicans lost their lives.
17: Introduction of Mudslinging In the election of 1828, mudslinging was introduced. This was the term used to describe cruel ways of depicting your opposing candidate. Today this is known as political cartoons. This forever changed modern day campaigning and elections.
18: "P" Political
19: Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson became president. He ran the previous term but was beat by John Adams, after a bargain. | Many people did not like him because of his unfair tariffs he imposed. The South especially disliked him and threatened to secede. | He was also responsible for the Indian Removal Act. President Jackson also began the war with banks, due his hatred of the banking systems.
20: John Quincy Adams John Quincy Adams ran for president in the election of 1824. He lost in both popular voted and electoral votes to | Andrew Jackson. However, after striking a corrupt bargain, John Adams was named the new president. He was president while sectionalism grew and he urged the U.S. to grow in knowledge in the sciences. He also proposed the development of canals, roads and highways.
21: Henry Clay Henry Clay was a spokesman for the Union and was known as the Great Compromiser. He challenged the role of the Speaker of the House and made it the powerful position it is today. Abraham Lincoln would soon adopt Clay's political ideology himself.
22: "E" Economic
23: Industrial Revolution The 1800's soon became known as the time period in which significant advances were made in technology, agriculture and science. New inventions were made, and the economy was booming.
24: Boomtowns Along with the Gold Rush came the boomtowns. When people moved out west they settled in makeshift "boomtowns". This created new businesses in the towns and the economy boomed with the demand for travel supplies.
25: The Panic of 1837 After Andrew Jackson issue the Specie Circular, one of the first bank crisis began. Banks began to restrict credit and call in loans. Depositors began to withdraw their funds. Unemployment began to set in. However the depression was rather short lived, it ended in 1843.
26: "C" Cultural
27: Creation of The Mormons Joseph Smith founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1830. He wanted to create and ideal society and a new Christian church. They moved to Utah to form their church.
28: Spanish Influence Spanish had been the first to settle in California. After Mexico gained its independence from Spain, California became part of the new Mexican nation. This caused Spanish and Mexican culture to be woven throughout California. A good example is the adaptation of Spanish language. Ranches were called ranchos and the owners were rancheros.
29: American Fur Trade By a new Congressional act, foreigners could no longer trade on American soil. So began the American Fur Trade | Many trappers uprooted their lives to begin this new business. Many new settlements were made and lifestyles merged.
30: "T" Technological/Scientific
31: The Cotton Gin Created by Eli Whitney, the cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry. The cotton gin made it possible to produce greater quantities of of cotton daily. This also made the industry much more profitable.
32: Textile Mill The textile mill greatly impacted the textile industry, opened new opportunities for jobs and began the textile revolution.
33: Roads and Turnpikes With the country expanding and the population being separated, there was a need for a connection between states. People needed a way to communicate and transportation to be easier. So came roads and turnpikes.
34: Cause and Effect What Effects Were Intended/Accidental?
35: I am not sure many people were aware how the Gold Rush, cotton gin or Trail of Tears were to effect the American way of life forever. I think they did what they thought they should do and went with it. | I wonder what Andrew Jackson, Eli Whitney or Joseph Smith would think if they were still alive and see that what they did changed everything. I do, however, think Eli Whitney knew his products would change lives, but did he honestly think he would alter history totally? I don't think so.
36: Change and Continuity Who Has Not Benefited From Change? Why?
37: The Native Americans have not benefited from westward expansion. Okay, so maybe they did benefit a little. But, their homeland was stripped from them. Their children were sent to boarding school to learn | the White Men's ways. They were forced to give up who they were and what defined them. The traditions they had passed down from generation to generation were destroyed in the settlers' wake.
38: Turning Points How Did Decisions or Actions Significantly Transform People's Lives?
39: How did decisions or actions NOT transform people's lives? Where can i possibly start? For instance, the Missouri Compromise changed both slave and slave owners' lives. Slaves were set free and slave owners were without slaves. The Panic of 1837 vastly changed | Americans' lives by destroying their income or jobs. The invention of roads helped people communicate and travel. Westward expansion changed everyone's lives and the history of our country as well.
40: Through Their Eyes How Did People In The Past View Their World?
41: The answer to this question depends on who you are speaking of. The Americans viewed their world as an untamed lion that they could tame. They believed it was up to them to make their country "smaller". The Natives saw their world shrinking and being taken over. | They saw their homelands disappearing and vast buildings and factories taking their places.
42: Using The Past How Is The Past Similar to The Present?
43: Just as there was an obvious dislike of native Americans back then, there is still prejudice and racism to day. Just as there was greed during the gold rush, American's still seem to need more, more, more. Just as there was corrupt politics and mudslinging, today there are cruel jokes floating | about the Internet about our leaders. Just as technology was revolutionizing their world. new technology continues to change our world.
44: Works Cited "The Cotton Gin and Eli Whitney". Inventors:About. 2010. http://inventors.about.com/a/cstartinventions/c/cotton_gin.htm "Time Line-A Brief History of The Fur Trade". White Oak Society. 1996. htt://www.whiteoaksociety.org/learning/timeline.htm.