BC: THE END! COPYRIGHT 2010
FC: INSPECT By: Sydney Helmbrecht
1: Table Of Contents | Idea....1-7 Natural/Geographic....8-11 Social......12-15 Political.....16-19 Economic.....20-23 Cultural.......24-27 Technological/Scientific...28-30 Conclusion.....31 Work Cited.... 32-33
2: Idea: | What is an idea? An idea is a new thought that someone comes up with to help make life easier. West ward expansion is one of the few examples of an idea that was thought of in the time period of the 1800s.
3: Westward expansion was the an idea to expand the US and its boundaries. The US expanded west of the Appalachians and in doing so the population more then doubled. | The westward expansion was a very important idea to the US. It was the key part in growing the nation and it's resources.
4: There was a great rush to get out west because of the rumor of gold. The gold rush was the main reason people wanted to go out west. It was more like a get rich fast sort of thing.
5: To expand out west for gold and property there was a great deal of traveling. People tried to find easier and faster ways to get out west. The different ideas of travel were: turnpikes and river travel.
6: Turnpikes (aka toll roads) are roads made up of mostly crushed stone. The travel was usually long and bumpy making it a very uncomfortable trip. The way of travel was usually wagons pulled by oxen. People were use to turnpikes but some others went on a limb and took a different route known as river travel. | TURNPIKES
7: River travel was when people would all go in boats and go down the river to get to the west. Some thought this idea was quicker. However, there are advantages and disadvantages. | Advantages: Many advantages were that travel was much more comfortable and that the travelers could haul more items with them. | Disadvantage: Major rivers flowed north- south not east-west so that they were going in the wrong directions. However, travel was slow and very difficult at times. | River Travel
8: NATURAL/GEOGRAPHIC | Natural/Geographic is the way the land is and how the land changes over time because of people, plants, and animal changes. The land west ward was very unfamiliar to the settlers and they used there old methods of living which changed the land. Other things that changed the land was farming, hunting, and canals.
9: Canals | Travel was very difficult in this era. Rivers traveled North- South not East- West like they wanted it to. However, De Witt Clinton came up with a plan. He came up with a canal. A canal is a man made waterway. The canal he came up with was one that connected New York with the Great Lakes.After his creation of canals many man made canals were formed all over the world
10: Buffalo were part of the natural/geographic because the got hunted down by the settlers. Buffalo had many uses for the Native people. They used them for clothes and food. However, the buffalo in the settlers eyes were beasts that were in their way to expand their land. The settlers hunted and killed the buffalo so that they could build railroads from east to west for transporting goods and people out west. | Buffalo
11: Farming | Farming didn't really change the land but how they lived on the land. With farms the grew things on the land that they never could before on the eastern land. Because of the different soil that the land had. | Settlers needed to find out what grew and what didn't grow. The settlers need to trade with the Native people (who they would soon throw from there home land) to help them get familiar with the land and soil.
12: Social | People always needed away to get news and information for one another. Its always how people communicated and how accurate the information is. There are new ways to communicate with each other today.Whether its though the phone, texting, calling, or writing to one another. People communicate everyday, but its how they communicate is what makes the difference. During this time it was very important to communicate.How did the people back in the 1800s communicate and what did they use?
13: The telegraph is an important device that helped people communicate with one another. It was the most popular way to communicate back in forth in those times.However, there are many other ways to communicate like story telling. That was a big communication piece for the Native Americans.
14: Storytelling | Back when west ward expansion was happening the settlers were planing on removing the Native Americans. To get the news around the Naive people would go to other tribes and tell stories of their understanding of the situation. That was their form of news. The settlers planed on just making the Native people one of them. However, the Natives have a different way of living. They preach that they land is everyones. The settlers think that only one man should have ownership of the land.
15: Mail in the 1800s The settlers used mail to communicate long distances. Usually the mail would be brought by a man on a horseback. The mailman would ride the horse on special rodes made for this propose called post roads. On the road there would be stations were the men that delivered the mail would exchange for a different horse, to give them a rest. However, this method was not very common but mostly for long distance communication. Not until the year 1825 the mailmen would just only deliver the mail to the post office. As time went on, however, then this method got more popular.
16: Political | The political part of this era was very important to make big decisions and help organize the chaos of settlers moving out west caused. Through this era there was many different presidents that was voted by the people with the help of a little something called electoral votes that each state is given.
17: Electoral votes are basically an easier way to count votes. Each state gets x amount of electoral votes based on the population and how many state representatives that state has. Some states have more than others making them more valuable for presidents to win them. For a President to win a states electoral votes the people of that state must have an majority of one candidate over the other. | Key Red:Biggest electoral Dark Blue: 2 Biggest Orange: 3 Biggest Light blue: 4 Biggest Pink; Least Biggest
18: Andrew Jackson | Andrew Jackson or as some know him as " Old Hickory" was a war hero with his defeat against the Creek Nation. He was also a very good leader and was a popular president with the citizens of the United States. Andrew Jackson stuck with his decisions and never second guessed himself. Just like when he stated "Our federal union...must be preserved"
19: Trail of Tears | In the year 1835 the Cherokee signed a treaty with the federal government giving up their land. Even with the treaty signed the Cherokee still did not want to follow the treaty. Finally in 1838 General Winfield Scott and an army went and removed the Cherokee from their home. Scott threatened to use force when he Cherokee refused to go. At last the leaders gave in and the Cherokee was moving out west. During the move many Cherokees died and was therefore called the Trail of Tears. Indian removal was on its way.
20: Economic | Economic is basically the countries exports out in what they import in. Trading and selling is a big part that determines how the economy is in that country. In the 1800s, however, was mostly trading and the crops that they produced. During this time there was something called the Panic of 1837 when Jackson decided not to run for a third term and Van Buren became inaugurated in 1837 and a depression would soon come after his inauguration.
21: The Panic of 1837 | The Panic of 1837 happened when President Andrew Jackson did not go for a third term and Van Buren became inaugurated and shorty after taken office an economic depression came to be. Values dropped sharply and business went out of business and people lost their jobs. Farmers lost their land because of debt and couldn't afford food or rent. In 1840 President Van Buren persuaded Congress to open a federal treasury. this new bank would prevent banks from using government funds and lessen further bank crises.
22: TARIIF | Tariffs are a fee paid by merchants who imported goods. Goods were a key part in the economy so tariffs were a big issues in Jacksons presidency.
23: IIF | With the demand for goods so high with the expansion out west importing was a issue for Americans. Many people disagreed with each other on the issues. In the year 1828 Congress passed a very high tariff on goods from Europe. Because of the prices being so high on European made goods that meant for Manufacturers in the US would be selling more goods. The people who disagreed with this was mostly those from the south.
24: Cultural | Today we have fads and the newest fashions. They have obviously changed over time and will always be changing. Back in the 1800s they had way different music, clothing, dance moves, and much, much more things in their culture. Somethings are clothing. Women usually wore dresses that never showed their ankles. Men would usually wear waistcoats or overalls.
25: Womens dresses in the 1800s. They were usually puffy and covered the ankles. Dresses would vary from the different classes of the women. | Clothing | Men wore waistcoats. They did, however, wear overalls but those were usually wore by farmers. waistcoats were worn around town and on occasions.
26: Songs in 1829 Jim Crow By: Tomas Dartmouth The Coal Black Heart By: White Synder. Nothing True but Heaven By: Thomas Moore | Songs
27: For things to drink they had milk, tea, cheap coffee, and water. | A daily household would have simple meals. They would have to eat butter, potatoes, flour, dried apples, rations of meats, and vegetables | Foods
28: Technological/Scientific | New inventions that made life easier and quicker to get things done or information to people. Inventions of this time period was Textile Mill and Spinning Jenny saved time and money.
29: Textile Mill | Textile Mill was a factory that made clothes. An average textile mill could hold 4500 spindles, 120 power looms, and 200 workers. There are four steps that the textile mils had. The system was called The Lowell Factory System.
30: Spinning Jenny | Spinning Jenny is a device that spun thread quicker and faster to make cloth for towels and clothing. Because the invention made it quicker it saved time and money to use a spinning jenny. Something that also came out of it was that with this invention mills didn't need to be built by a river it was powered off of a steam engine.
31: Conclusion The removal of Indians affected the lives of the Indians mostly because they got kicked off of their own land. The community really changed also. The settlers needed to control everything and wanted the land for themselves and removed the Indians. They changed the community natural also by over hunting the buffalo which resulted in a fight with the Native Americans and the settlers. Also through this time there was many view points. The Natives looked at the land for everyone to have not one person's land like the settlers view points. There was racism back then and there is still racism now. With that racism the settlers grew the United States and took control.
32: Work Cited | The American Republic. Columbus,OH: Glencoe/ McGraw-Hill, 2005. Erin. Transportation and Communication from the 1800s to the 1860s. April 24, 2010.
33: Carol. Cost of Food Prices and Wages in the 1800's. Old Recipe Book.com. April 26, 2010.