FC: Inspecting a Growing Nation: The U.S.A. Edition By: A.J. Treichel
1: Indian Removal | The Americans wanted to settle on the land in the west. However, they didn't want the Indians to also inhabit the land. Jackson backed them with the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This allowed the U.S. Government to move Indians off of their land east of the Mississippi. This opened it up to settlers, however, the Indians were not happy at all. The Cherokee tribe fought the government. They were eventually forced to move. This march of the Cherokees was called the trail of tears. Over 4000 Cherokees died.
2: The first wave of settlers started moving west around 1790. This lead to the addition of 4 more states. These states being: Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio. They were admitted between 1791 and 1803. The people of settled these states didn't have an easy life. They experienced many hardships. | Westward Expansion
3: The second wave of settlers headed west between 1816 and 1821. This time, five new states joined the U.S. These states were: Indiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama , and MIssouri. Many settlers tended to settle in small towns along rivers. This allowed them to ship their crops to market and be more successful in this hard new land.
4: The First Census, count of population, of the U.S. was taken in 1890. It showed a population of four million. Most of these people lived east of the Appalachian Mountains. | WIthin 30 years of this first census, the population had more than doubled. It was at around 10 million people. A lot of these people headed west. | The First Census
5: Rivers helped this period of time in many ways. Firstly they allows for textile mills to be built along them. This provided many people with jobs. It also gave many more people clothes. Secondly they allowed crops to be shipped to market from western settlements.They helped the settlers be more successful. They also dropped the price on many goods. The shipping was easier and less expensive and so were the goods. Towns and cities grew rapidly along rivers. River travel was also much easier and quicker than horse and wagon. Textile Mill | Rivers | jjjjj
6: This definitely added to the tensions between the Indians and the Americans. The buffalo also were never seen in such large numbers ever again, not even today. | Buffalo | There was arond 30-60 million buffalo when the settlers started heading west. They were the main source of food, clothing, and shelter for many American Indian tribes. The settlers started killing the buffalo for food and then later for sport. This upset the Indians. The Indians respected the buffalo and used every part of it in their daily lives. They didn't like seeing the settlers waste the meat. They probably tried to put a stop to the wasting.
7: Today the Rocky Mountains serve as a tourist attraction. They are a beautiful and majestic sight. In the early to mid 1800s however, they were looked at as a huge barrier to cross. They were treacherous. | The Rocky Mountains | People who dared to go through them faced many hardships. The Rocky Mountains were not bringers of joy and awe like they are today. The were intimidating and disheartening. Settlers would think they were out only to find hundreds more mountains looming ahead.
8: The relations with the Indians at this point were not good. Lewis and Clark had come through promising peace and trade, but the new settlers seemed intent on getting land. | Relations with the American Indians | The Indians were being driven from their homeland and they weren't going down without a fight. Little skirmishes happened all the time. The Indians were scared.
9: Slavery | Slavery was a social as well as a political problem. In the North slavery was being less and less accepted. Northerners considered it morally wrong. Southerners, however, thought slavery was fine. They needed their slaves to work on their cotton plantations to make a living.
10: Jackson was elected president in 1828. He was behind the Indian Removal Act. He also gave suffrage to all white males. Before this only wealthy white males could vote. | The Jackson Era | He faced many problems in his presidency. These including the tariff debate and a failing national bank. The cartoon shows the bank as the snake attacking Jackson and the American people.
11: The Whig Party | The Whig ideas didn't get very far though. Harrison died of pneumonia 3 months after being sworn in. HIs vice president then became president. He was a former democrat and vetoed all the Whig bills. | The democrats controlled the presidency for 12 years. However, after the the Panic of 1837 and depression following it, the Americans wanted a change. William Henry Harrison (left) became president in 1840.
12: The Missouri Compromise | The Missouri Compromise (right) allowed Missouri to be admitted as a slave state and Maine as a free one. This, however, caused major conflicts on both sides. It banned slavery in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase above 36 30' N.
13: These roads and turnpikes were the start of a transcontinental road that would be built later on. This road would connect the west to the east | Roads and Turnpikes | Roads and turnpikes helped connect cities and towns that were not on rivers. They helped people travel west. They also cheapened goofs. The travel on built roads was much easier then jus scross the country. There was a small fee that you had to pay to use the road, but the fee went to road maintenance.
14: The Panic of 1837 | Employment fell drastically low after Van Buren became president. Many banks failed and cotton prices fell to record lows. In the cities many people couldn't afford food or rent. Many lost their jobs. This happened because Van Buren believed that the government shouldn't interfere with the economy. | "Bread, Meat, Rent, and Fuel! Their prices must come down! The Voice of the People shall be heard and will prevail!"
15: Canals | Canals were not only a technological advancement, but an economic one. Canals allowed rivers and lakes to be connected. This made shipping goods by river a lot more practical. | They also made river travel cheap and made towns and cities along them spring up and grow. They allowed goods to be shipped quicker and cheaper.
16: Many women and even kids worked in these mills. It stimulated the economy. People had more spending money, therefore, they bought more things. | The Industrial Revolution | New England's soil was poor and the farmers there were having a tough time getting by. Textile mills were being built because of the rivers (for mills) and ports (for cotton) there. This made many people leave their farms and go work in a mill for a wage.
17: The California Gold Rush | It helped stimulate the economy with all the riches being found. It created "boomtowns" all over California. | The gold rush was an economic and a cultural factor. People got rich from finding gold, and it also drew more people west.
18: Cities elsewhere were expanding rapidly. All the settlers moving west were congregating on the rivers and canals. California was having boomtowns pop up every time there was a speck of gold found. | Cities in the East were becoming more and more populated. This was because of the mills being built. People came to the city to live and work. | Cities
19: hit and all time high. The southern plantations benefited greatly from the mills. | The farms in the Northeast were declining in number because of the mills. There were still a fair number of farmers but many left to work in mills. In the Southeast farming flourished. Cotton production | Farms
20: The British first used the idea of the textile mill. It wasn't long and the US. had its own system. Samuel Slater was the first to bring the design to the U.S. in 1789. However, in 1814, Francis Cabot Lowell opened a mill in Massachusetts that had even better technology. | Textile Mills | Now all the stages of cloth making were done at the same building. Each of Lowell's mills employed around 200 workers. "...We did not forget they we were working girls, wearing aprons suitable to our work..." 11 year old girl working in a textile mill
21: The cotton gin was invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney. It is a simple machine that quickly and efficiently removes the seeds from the cotton fiber. It allowed one person to do the work of fifty by hand. Because of the cotton gin, a lot more cotton was produced. Between 1790 and 1820 cotton production rose from 3000 bales to more than 300,000 bales a year. This abundance of cotton allowed textile mills to flourish. This in turn gave many people jobs and money. It also attracted many immigrants to come to the U.S. This made more and more people head westward. | The Cotton Gin
22: The first practical steamboat was designed and built by Robert Fulton. It made teo way river travel a breeze and allowed goods to be transported up rivers and even through the canals the were being built. This also to a greatly decreased price on the goods. It allowed for already flourishing cities along rivers to become even bigger and wealthier. This was the beginning of the steamboat era. | The Steamboat
23: There was lots of growth during this period of time, The U.S. was expanding. NIne more states were now added to the union. Cities were springing up all over. There was lots of westward expansion which drove the Indians from their lands. The whites made all the change happen. They forced west and kept expanding. The Indians had no place to go. They were forcibly and brutally kicked out of their homelands. The settlers were the only ones supporting the expansions and growth. The Indians were against it, but, alas, they had no voice. The whites gave them no choice but to beat it. | Cause and Effect
24: Using the Past We should learn that all people should be treated fairly. We should be able to live where we want. The government shouldn't force anyone off of their own land. They have every right to live there. The Indians had every right to be living on and farming on their land. The whites should have just adopted them into society. We need to put others first and just be respectful. We can live among other races and people. We do everyday. Everyone has the same rights. No one is really better than anyone else. No one can kick people off of their homeland.
25: Through Their Eyes The Indians saw their world as changing and falling apart. The land that they had called home for thousands of years was now being overtaken by settlers. The Indians were being forced into the unknown. They thought that the settlers had no right to kick them off their land. The whites, however, thought that they had every right to kick the Indians off. They saw the Indians as savages and also as almost animals. The Indians were an obstacle. They did all they could to remove the Indians from the land being settled. 'They saw their world as growing and prospering. They didn'tcare that the Indians were being treated horribly.
26: Change and Continuity There is a lot that has changed. We treat the Indians as independent nations now. We no longer force them off of their land. They, however, are on reservations. We have given them certain rights now. We allow them to live among us as well as on reservations. Also we no longer travel in horse-drawn wagons. We use cars instead. We no longer have gold rushes and almost all of U.S. is inhabited by whites. The treatment of people and the quality of living has definitely gotten better.
27: Turning Points The removal of the Cherokee Indians made more settlers head down to the Cherokee lands. They started farming the land with great success. The building of the textile mills gave lots of people jobs. These jobs gave them money which they could spend. This boosted the economy. Installing the canals made goods cheaper to ship therefore cheaper to buy. Now people not only had more money but things cost less. The roads and turnpikes allowed people to move west. They also connected western cities that were not on the river to the east. The greed for gold a bunch of people head to Cal- ifornia. This caused boomtowns to pop up and made some rich.
29: Works Cited "Buffalo History." Buffalo Groves Inc.. Buffalo Groves, Inc., 15 Mar 2007. Web. 27 Apr 2010.