S: Janice Churchill's spring school yard 2010!!!!
BC: This is the school of all the kids that did this interesting book.The book is about the nature in our community.We show the different types of plants and other animals.
FC: Janice Churchill's Spring School Yard 2010!!!! | Written by div 6 of Janice Churchill Elementary School
1: About This book about our school yard was inspired by a project we did in which we compared our school yard to one in Texas. The Grade 4 and 5 students who worked on this project collected information, photos from Creative Commons and organized it all using their knowledge of nonfiction text features. Please forgive any errors, as we are learning.
2: Table Of Contents Insects and Arachnids The Wolf Spider pg. 4-5 The House Spider pg. 6-7 Ants pg. 8-9 An Ant Colony pg. 10-11 Ear Wigs pg. 12-13 Plants Cedar Trees pg. 14-15 Sitka Spruce Trees pg. 16-17 The Fir Tree pg. 18-19 The History Of The Douglas Fir Tree pg. 20-21 The Dogwood Tree pg. 22-23 Dandelions pg. 24-25
3: Birds seagulls pg. 26-27 Glossary pg. 30 Index pg. 31 Photo credits pg. 23,33
4: THE WOLF SPIDER The wolf spider is brown and it has these huge jaws.They are about 3 cm to 7 cm.The spiders was found right by a Douglas fir tree and was walking up the Douglas fir tree and made this web. It was sitting in the small web waiting for food.They are found in Canada,England,France,America,Russia and Denmark.The wolf spider comes right by garbage and trees.The wolf spider is born by wood. The wolf spiders die in grass or dirt. | The wolf spider lays it`s eggs in the web so it can camouflage ,so nothing would eat them.The female wolf spider lays over two-hundred ten eggs ,the wolf spider can live up to 2 or 3 years.When the eggs hatch,they use their spinnerets to get out of their eggs. The eggs in the sack look round. The female wolf spider sits by the eggs looking skinnier.The wolf spider is poisonous .
5: What is a wolf spider Wolf spider have eight legs and have two eyes. But some wolf spider have eight eyes.It comes from an egg sack.They lives at trees. A wolf spider is call wolf spider because there is a wolf picture on its back. When a male spider dies the female spider eats it.Then eggs start to come.A wolf spider can camouflage,in rocks and trees. | Wolf spider eat meat. .The wolf spider eat .The wolf spider has one body.A wolf spider is a good climber.It has sticky legs The baby wolf spider looks different then the adult wolf spider.The baby wolf spider have small jaws. .
6: What A House Spider Looks Like? A house spider is brown.It has eight legs.female legs are yellow and male legs are orange.There whole body is 3 to 8 inches long. | Where House Spiders Are Found? The Environment And World. House spiders are in urban areas.They are mostly found in ,around windows,corners,under furniture and crawl spaces. | The House Spider
7: The house spiders egg sac is silken. Its hidden in the web and the egg sac is stuck on the web . Or the baby spider gets carried around with the females | Interesting Facts About The House Spider The house spider make silk webs.Spiders grow by shedding their skin. Many of house spiders live for many of years other live for only one season .The house spiders uses silk to trap there prey. | Did you know that? A SPIDERS EGG contains as much DNA as four humans combined
8: Did You Know? Ants are related to wasps and bees? | What they Look Like Ants can be any size and any colour. There are many different types of ants. Ant bodies are divided into three parts, the head, the thorax and the abdomen. An Ants Life Cycle The first part of an ants life cycle is an egg. The second part is the wiggly grub called larva. Next the larva spins into a cocoon in pupa stage. Then hatches as an ant.
9: Where ants live Ants are common worldwide from the tropics, to the grasslands. Although they live in many places, there are places where they don't, like Antarctica. Ants live in different places, so there are many types, some maybe undiscovered. | Predators & Food The ants predators are reptiles and amphibians. Birds also eat ants. Obviously ant eating mammals eat them too. Ants even have to watch out for a dragon - like insect called an antlion. Also a predator is a beetle called a tiger beetle. These odd predators are not in Canada. The ants food are small insects & dead ones. They eat honey dew and many other things like plants and nuts. Some ants such as honey ants eat honey.
10: The larva lives in the ant colony.The ant queen lives in it as well, male and female worker's live in the ant colony too. | An ant colony is an underground lair.There is an antroom called an underground chamber. most ants live together like a big community.Ant's look for food all the time. | Who lives in it? | Ant homes are actually called nests. | Did you know? | What is an ant colony?
11: An ant colony is Sandy, and dirty.The colour of the sand is usually grey.It is a hole in the ground like an underground lair.An ant colony has small tunnels, nursery room's and food storage. | Queen ant's take care of the whole ant colony. The Queen ant and the Female workers take care of the larva.Female ants get food, and the queen ant gives birth. | What Does an ant Colony Look Like? | What Do they do in it?
12: HOW EARWIGS LOOK LIKE AND WHAT THEY EAT An earwig has six legs,eight scales on the back of there body.It is dark brown it has two long antennas and has three body parts the first body part is the head the second part is the stomach.Lastly the scale area. WHAT DO EARWIGS EAT Earwigs feed on fruits,flowers,insects,leaves and mold. WHAT EARWIGS CAN DO If an earwig is near a predator or the predator is close to an earwig an earwig can cause lots of damage to garden plants.
13: Where do earwigs live? Earwigs live outdoors in a temperate and tropical places like British Columbia and Hawaii. There diseases People think that when a earwig goes in your ear it could damage your brain,but that's a myth.A myth is an accent lie that went around the world but isn't true. | Did You Know? That earwigs can cause death to animals.
14: This is a cedar tree.The cedar tree can go up to 60 meters.The cedar tree's bark can rip off easily.An cedar tree is an always green tree.This tree live on the side of b.c.trees like this can spray.The cedar tree are gray stringy nature trees.Every leaf is alike.They might be found in other provinces or countries too.It grows with hemlock and Douglas fir.They are used for many things. | Cedar Tree's | Did you know? | People use cedar trees to make houses?
15: This is a cedar tree,pine leaf this is why it is always green because the pine is stuck together and it can not blow or fall off.They use cedar tree for many things like capes,pots,mats,boxes, diapers,hats,belts,ropes, blankets and many more. In the past the they used cedar.The cedar can be still be found.The cedar can be 800 to 1500 years old.The cedar can be 50 to 70 hight and 3 to 6 meter.This cedar tree contain chemicals that when it get cuts it does not rot.The Aboriginal people of B.C call the cedar tree of life. The Aboriginal use this tree for long house,canoes,and totem poles. And REMEBMER this is a CEDAR tree!!! | Cedar Tree Facts
16: Do You Know What The Sitka Spruce Tree Looks Like? Do you know how the Sitka Spruce looks like? A Sitka tree has needles that are light green to bluish-green and they are stiff and sharp.The Sitka Spruce is very big. They grow up to 70 meters in height they are 2 meters across when mature. The Sitka Spruce has seed cones that are reddish-to yellowish-brown that hang from the crown. The scales are thin,wavy and irregularly toothed. The pine cones on the Sitka Spruce Tree are brown to purplish Grey that will lose their scales when mature. | Sitka Spruce Tree
17: How Does It Grow? The Sitka Spruce cones are borne mainly in the upper branches. In the flower stage it stands erect and varies in the color,according to soil composition. After fertilization the pine cone becomes pendant and green. The seeds fall off the cone and then the wind blows away the seeds forming new trees from the cone seeds. | Baby Sitka Spruce Pinecone | Stages Of Sitka Pinecone
18: The Sitka Spruce Tree is found in the Coastal forests,of British Columbia,Alaska and Washington as well as Vancouver Island.There are many different trees in its environment. They live among other trees like Western Cedars and Yellow Cedars.There are also mosses,horsetails and there are a lot of berries,deer and fern.The Sitka Spruce was introduced to Britain and Northern Europe where it is now widely | Where It's Found | Did You Know? The Sitka Spruce Tree grows along the coast of British Columbia.
19: Aboriginal people living in the coast used the Sitka Spruce Tree extensively.From the roots the Aboriginal people fashioned beautiful water tight hats and baskets. The roots provided materials for ropes, fishing lines and twine to sew boxes and baskets.Some Coastal people ate inner bark or young raw roots for VitaminC. The inner bark of the tree acts like a laxative. Now we have told you all you need to know about the Sitka Spruce Tree. | What It's Used For | Sitka Spruce Root | The picture above is an example of how Aboriginal people used the Sitka Spruce Root.
20: The Douglas Fir Tree What is a Douglas Fir tree? Well if you want to find out the answer is coming up! | What Dose A Douglas Fir Tree Look Like? A Douglas Fir can grow up to 70 meters high.It is 5 to 11cm wide. When the Douglas Fir is young, it is green but as it gets older it turns brown.The tree is very dense and strong. | Where is the Douglas Fir tree found? The Douglas Fir is mainly found on the southern mainland of British Columbia or Vancouver Island. Vancouver Island on the coast of south west.
21: - A baby seed of Douglas fir tree.is in a pinecone | The little branch of a Douglas Fir tree. | The Life Cycle Of The Douglas Fir Tree | These are Douglas Fir trees when they are fully grown. | This is a forest of Douglas Fir trees.
22: The History and Uses of the Douglas Fir Tree Now that you have read about the Douglas Fir tree and what it looks like,the stages of their growth and where it is found, it's time for the history of the Douglas Fir tree! Your going to learn the uses of it, the history and other interesting facts. | Did you know? Did you know that Douglas Fir grows best after forest fires? | History The name Douglas Fir comes from a Scottish botanist named David Douglas.He first introduced The Douglas Fir to Europe in 1826. David also brought American native conifirs to Europe. | The pine cone of a Douglas Fir has pointed tips.
23: Other Interesting Facts A Scottish physician first found a Douglas Fir in 1791 on Vancouver Island.The Douglas Fir is also not member of the Abies family. | Did You Know? That the first Douglas Fir appeared in British Columbia about seven thousand years ago? | What is it used for? The Douglas Fir tree is used for many things.For example, they are used for Christmas trees,construction,floor covering and for bridge parts. | This wood is from the Douglas Fir tree and it's very valuable. | The Douglas Fir tree is a valuable tree. It is important to Canada,British Columbia and Europe.
24: What Does The Dogwood Tree Look Like? The Dogwood tree is a beautiful Canadian tree. The leaves are oval and the leafs are dark green.In the Fall the oval leafs turn a bright orange.In the Spring the leafs turn a beautiful white color.Also in the Spring the Dogwood tree grows nice red berries .Which are a little bitter ,but they are a good berries to put in cakes or other treats.The Dogwood tree is almost like a cherry blossom tree because the cherry blossom tree has beautiful pink flowers and the Dogwood trees flowers are the same shape and size. | THE DOGWOOD TREE! The dogwood tree is usually around Southern Coast of Vancouver island and Southern of Port Hardy.The dogwood tree is also around nice soil.The Douglas fir tree usually has Dogwood trees underneath the Douglas fir tree.The Douglas fir is use for is a valuable tree and is located in B.C.In Canada the Dogwood tree is illegal to cut down and people use the dogwood tree for decoration. Now you can see a lot of dogwood trees around Canada because more people are starting to plant them around Canada.
25: Life of a Dogwood Tree The life of a dogwood tree is similar to a regular tree because the cycle is so close to a dogwood tree.The First thing is you plant a seed.Second in a couple of years it will be a baby Dogwood tree.When it is a baby the leaves are almost just a oval but it is just a little circle.In about five to six years the Dogwood tree turns into a teen and there is just tiny little flower buds trying to bloom.In about ten to fifteen years the Dogwood tree turns to a fully grown adult.When the seeds fall out of the middle of the flower it will grow another tree beside it. | Fun Facts About The Dogwood Tree The Dogwood tree is almost like a symbol to Canada. The Dogwood tree is a tree that every body loves.The Dogwood tree's flowers is on the symbol of British Columbia. A Dogwood tree is not a very big tree and it looks nice in people's backyard.It is actual a small tree not a medium size tree or a big size tree. The dogwood tree is a wonderful tree around Canada. | What Aboriginal People Used Dogwood Tree's For? Some Aboriginal people used certain parts of the dogwood tree for weapons.Weapons is a type of tool to help the Aboriginal people hunt,but for other people they think it is dangerous. Also some Aboriginal people use the same parts for the weapons except this time they also use it for tools.
26: All parts of the dandelions can be eaten as parts of salad cooked sautéed and even fried .Dried dandelions can be used to make tea and can be turned into wine.And they also can be used in decor. Any broken part of the dandelion can excrete a milky white substance.Dandelion plant has been used used for medical purposes.Without pollination,and once dandelions are ripen completely.They turn into seeds that can fly away and grow new into new plants.After dandelion seeds are carried away from the plants by wind they can fly for miles. | Parts of the dandelion.
27: After landing the seeds can sprout right on the soil surface at any time of year.Did you know that dandelions can grow all year.Dandelions germinate so easily and are challenging to kill ,they can be difficult to remove dandelions from grass. | How To Eat Dandelions All parts of the dandelions can be eaten as parts of salad cooked sauteeed and even fried.Dried dandelion can be used to make tea and can be turned into wines
28: Hey,where am I? Imagine you were a gull. Where would you nestle your nest? A quiet place near an ocean, probably even near lakes. I also believe they live near seacoasts. | The Live Cycle The live is a way to change and grow.It start by an egg then the egg becomes a baby . After the baby becomes an adult.The adult will provide more and more eggs. | The Life As A GULL | Welcome to the life as a gull. | Fun Fact
29: Look! I Laid an Egg! Imagine you were an Gull and you laid an egg. How would you make it? That is what I am going to explain. Eggs kind of look olive-greenish,buff,and gray. Also with some dark colored splotches. The maximum eggs you can lay is 3. to make a nest you'll have to dig a hollow and surround it with grass,twigs and seaweed. | Get Out! Imagine you were a gull and your relative is a Tern the only way you can tell each other is by your fling skills and tails. The Terns tail is smaller,long,and also tall. Slender, and forked. The Gulls tail is longer,slender,short and also broad. | Yum..! Imagine your a gull and you loved food.Can you guess what you would eat? You guessed it! Garbage. I'd guess you'd eat dead animals,other young birds,fish,insects,eggs, and worms would you like complimentary salted mice? | This is the life as a gull.
30: Glossary Abies - a family (group) of trees botanist - someone who studies plants colony - a group composition -the make up of a person or thing conifers - cone bearing trees and shrubs dense - difficult to see through Douglas fir - valuable tree located in B.C. extensively - something that is in a wide spread way irregularly toothed - has jagged edges | larva - baby insect, immature and wingless stage laxative - a medicine that makes you go poo more life cycle- steps of a life and creature or insect or human myth - a tale with supernatural characters nursery -a room for baby ants pendant - something suspended from something else (cone) physician - doctor, studies medicine queen - large ant that takes czre of the whole colony temperate - is not extreme but moderate Vancouver Island - an island surrounded with water in British Columbia weapons - tool to kill or defend yourself
31: Index A S Ants-8-11 Seagulls-28-29 Ant Colony-10-11 Sitka Spruce-16-19 C W Cedar Tree-14-15 Wolf Spider-4-5 D Dandelion-26-27 Dogwood Tree-24-25 Douglas Fir-What it looks like, Where it's found and growth -20-21 Douglas Fir -History and Uses-22-23 E Earwig-12-13 H House Spider-6-7
32: Many of the photos used in this book were found through Flickr, under a Creative Commons license that allows us to use them here. Without these photos our book would not be as interesting to look at. covers, table of contents, page 2 photos cited elsewhere pg1 vancouver seagull: http://www.flickr.com/photos/small/54775201/ Canadian seagull: http://www.flickr.com/photos/davidascher/5093991/ pg4 Wolf spider: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sankax/4509676666/ pg5 wolf spider: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jlucier/3593404567/ pg6 Web http://www.flickr.com/photos/lara604/2413324193/ pg7 House spider: http://www.flickr.com/photos/grahamking/3917980703/ | p9 ant: http://www.flickr.com/photos/billyboysfotocolection/4505080334/ pg10 ant nest: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mooshoo_kix/3660133580/ pg12 earwig: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sankax/4734831882/ earwig: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mamboman/3812543752/ pg 14 western red cedar: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ecstaticist/3627707257/ pg16 spruce: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sbeebe/2851572278/ p17 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bmarks50/2826598083/ p18 http://www.flickr.com/photos/diggingforfire/55334753/
33: p19 trunck http://www.flickr.com/photos/unforth/3484964302/ p21 douglas fir :http://www.flickr.com/photos/arthur_chapman/3228708480/ fir forest(3 trees): http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamidwyer/4223523601/ fir forest:http://www.flickr.com/photos/miguelvieira/3503641622/ p22 http://www.flickr.com/photos/miguelvieira/3503641622/ douglas fir cone: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jnthnhys/3162897791/ p23 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ourunitedvillages/3103447914/ p24 dogwood with frame: http://www.flickr.com/photos/96683394@N00/2409955135/ p25 dogwood flower: http://www.flickr.com/photos/axiepics/3508445895/ | p 26 dandelion seeds: http://www.flickr.com/photos/monteregina/3588971159/ p27 full plant http://www.flickr.com/photos/fire_engine_red/3573968671/ flower only http://www.flickr.com/photos/fire_engine_red/3574004593/ p28 flying seagull close up: http://www.flickr.com/photos/steveleenow/378082002/ seagull and flag: http://www.flickr.com/photos/davidascher/5093991/ p29 vancouver seagull: http://www.flickr.com/photos/small/54775201/ flock of seagulls: http://www.flickr.com/photos/66164549@N00/2392118868/ seagull: http://www.flickr.com/photos/waltern/17618005/