S: By: Justin Cowie
FC: How Japan's Worldview Affected Their Military
1: The Edo Period The Edo period was a time of general international peace for Japan. Inside Japan the Daimyo were fighting each other for land. The Daimyo were warlords and nobles. A Daimyo would try to prove himself by battling and defeating other Daimyo. If a Daimyo proved himself to be the strongest the Emperor and his council would maybe grant him the rank of Shogun. This was only real power of the Emperor. A Daimyo's army was mainly composed of Samurai. A Samurai was a law enforcer and a warrior. Samurai were also noble class, but they were the lowest of the noble classes, under the Daimyo, and the Shogun.
2: f | The Shogun was the dominant military leader of Japan therefore even if the Daimyo were fighting they would have to answer to the call of the Shogun. The Samurai had a code of honor. Also the Samurai would rather die in battle than be captured. A famous battle cry of Shogun Tokugawa Ieasu was "return with a head or without yours". The favorite weapon of the Samurai was the katana. A katana was a one edge curved sword that was feared for not only being strong but also being flexible making it even more effective. Another blade the Samurai kept with them was a blade that not only distinguished them as samurai, but was also used for the Art of Suicide should a Samurai be captured.
3: The Meiji Period The Meiji Period was a time where the Emperor had complete control over Japan. The military was modernized as a result of the gunboat diplomacy. The modernized military was very similar to the French's military and had a identical ranking system. When Japan decided to modernize its military the Shogun didn't want Japan to modernize. The Shogun wanted Japan to stay the way it was, but this illogical thinking would have gotten Japan conquered.
4: The Samurai were disgraced to not be the only class that had military obligations. The Samurai saw further disappointment when the conscription law 1873 was passed. The conscription law stated that all Japanese citizens must serve three years in the army.
5: The Modern Period During this period both World Wars happened. Also the modernization of Japan was completed. During World War II the Japanese attempted to take over the Pacific Ocean. When pushed back to their own soil they thought they could never be defeated because the Emperor was a god to them. As we know they were wrong and horribly defeated by the Americans. The defeat caused much confusion and disappointment for the Japanese
6: Kamikazes were suicide pilots that were considered a last hope for Japan against the Allies. The Kamikazes flew their planes into enemy ships because, just like the Samurai, if they served their master, the Emperor or their god would have pity on them and they would be granted a place of honor in the heavens.
7: An Interesting Connection A connection I found while I was researching was the connection between the Samurai and the Kamikazes. They both served in the army and from the Japanese worldview they both had favor in the god's eyes. They were both gallant warriors. Since the Emperor was god they both got the honor of being chosen by him to do dangerous missions and to administer justice to the other countries.
8: Bibliography Title: Military History of Japan Address: Wikipedia.com. Author: Wikipedia Date Retrieved: May 18 Title: Our Worldviews Author: Phyllis Levin, Teddy Moline, Pat Redhead City of Publication and publisher: Toronto Ontario by Karen Iversen Copyright date: 2007 Title: Japan Omnibus-History Edo/Meiji Periods Address: japan-zone.com. Author: Japan-zone.com Date: May 15 Title: Encyclopedia J-P Author: Standard encyclopedia City of Publication and publisher: Toronto Ontario by Karen Iverssen Copyright date: 2006
9: Title: Japanese History Address: Japan-Guide.com. Author: Japan-Guide.com Date: May 28