FC: Life in the Eastern Hemisphere 1274-1420 | By Ms. Weeks' Fifth Grade Class
1: The silk road was a network of routes to trade Chinese goods with Europe The silk road also was responsible for opening up an awareness for new ideas, skills, and customs. | Before Marco Polo, items such as money, coal, gunpowder were unknown in Europe. | THE SILK ROAD
2: The magnetic compass made it possible for sailors to determine their direction far out at sea. | In 1400 China began a big naval fleet. So they could expand trade and show their power. This fleet was led by Zheng He, a very famous explorer. | Chinese Sailors
3: Zheng He was one of the most famous Chinese sailors. He led a very famous fleet that set sail on 1405. | Zheng He | Chinese sailors were probably some of the best sailors.They traveled to Africa and many other places around the world.
4: Zheng He was born 1371 and died 1433. He was one of the Chinese sailors to use the magnetic compass. He impressed the Prince of China with his intelligence. | Zheng He brought many things to China from the distant lands he traveled to.
5: China's naval fleet was the largest and strongest at the time and Zheng He led it in 1405. This is one of the many Chinese naval ships from the 1400s naval fleet. | In the next 28 years Zheng He And his naval fleet made seven major voyages. The picture on the left is a picture of the Red Sea, one of the many places he traded.
6: Ghana had a ton of gold but no salt. So they had to make trading routes to get some salt. They traveled on camels They traveled in groups called caravans | Camels were the only way to travel in the desert. They traveled in groups called caravans
7: Ghana had plentiful gold but no salt. So, they were willing to trade gold for salt. | These were trading routes in Africa. | Ghana the Kingdom of Gold
8: In the 1300's Mali reached its peak as an empire under the rule of Mansa Musa.He was known for his immense wealth. | Mali owed their wealth to salt. They traded this valuable salt for Ghana's gold.Another big trading item was animal hides. | Mali
9: After Mansa Musa's rule another trading empire called Songhai rose in West Africa. It flourished from the mid 1300's through the 1500's.The Songhai empire began | Songhai controlled more land then Ghana and Mali! Also Songhai owed there wealth to trade. | Songhai | It's capital was the city of Gao a small Songhai state that existed since the 11th century.
10: Mansa Musa was a Muslim that went on a pilgrimage in 1324. The pilgrimage took him to a Holy place for Muslims called Mecca. | Mecca | Musa's journey strengthened trade ties between other Muslim nations and Mali. | When Musa came back from his journey to Mecca he brought back Muslim scholars.
11: 1312-1337 | With Mansa Musa came with lots of slaves as many as 500. Each slave had a bar of gold that weighed about four lb. each! | Mansa Musa was known for immense wealth | Mansa Musa died by natural causes in the year of 1337.
12: The astrolabe was a very important object in the 1400s, helping sailers find their way at sea. | During the 1400s Europe and Asia found many ways to connect different parts of the world to each other, for trade. Also in that time frame they found better ways of navigation , such as making maps and creating the astrolabe. | Mansa Musa, above,is traveling in an elaborate e caravan on his way to the Arabian Pensulla.
13: Connecting Different Parts of the World | The above pictures show why people wanted to connected different parts of the world and how they did it. | Theses pictures show Zheng He and his Chinese naval fleet. | Here are some Chinese spices that people traded for goods that they needed | Here is a picture of a map of where the people of the 1400s traveled.( the western hemisphere)
14: Eric the red was born in c. 950 and died c.1000. Eric was born in Norway.
15: Eric the Red was banned from Norway around 982 for killing two men. | Eric the red was also called Erik Thordvaldson, Erik Raude, andErik torvaldsson | For three years he sailed around and explored the Southern part of what he thought of Greenland. In 986 he left Iceland and more than 20 boats around 400 - 500 people.
16: Leif Ericsson was interested in the land farther west, the land of rumor. So he decided to sail there. When the vikings got to America, they were probably the first Europeans to set foot on North America, which is present day Canada.The vikings called it "Vinland." Which means land of wine.
17: But left in about 1015 because of conflict with Natives Americans. Most of them died, but the ones who survived returned home. | Leif Ericsson Day In 1964 the U.S Congress authorized the president to proclaim Oct. 9 "Leif Ericsson Day." | Leif Ericsson's father is Eric the Red. He got kicked out of Iceland. Eric the Red sailed west and discovered Greenland.
18: Leonardo da Vinci had many talents. He was an artist, sculptor, and even made the famous Mona Lisa! He was an italian. He tried to make a bronze horse, but was destroyed in a war. But Leonardo Da Vinci became a great man.
19: The Renaissance was a great time of 'rebirth'. Some discoveries occurred, such as the Mona Lisa and the printing press. In summary,the Renaissance was a great time | Johann Gutenburg was born in the German city of Maniz. He made his own bible and made the printing press. It was a great discovery
20: slave trade was the buying and selling of human beings | this is slave trade | this is Prince Henry | Prince Henry was a prince of the kingdom of Portugal and an important figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire. He was responsible for the early development of European exploration and maritime trade with other continents.
21: this is a map of Portugal
22: Even after Prince Hennry died people kept exploring. Some explorers like Bartolomeu Dias and Vasco Da Gama led to great discoveries. One of these was a sea route to India | Bartolomeu Dias had three ships and he sailed them 500 miles to the tip of Africa. Bartolomeu Dias got caught in violent storms and by the time the storms ended his ships had blown around the tip of Africa. Bartolomeu Dias was in the Indian Ocean, but his crew was frightened and they sailed back to Portugal. When Bartolomeu Dias got back to Portugal he named the tip of Africa "Cape of Storms." Then the king named it the Cape of Good Hope. | A Sea Route to India
23: Vasco da Gama and his four ships rounded the Cape of Good Hope and sailed east across the Indian ocean. Vasco da Gama reached India in 1498 . | Soon Portuguese merchants settled in Calicut, India. The merchants bought spices from India and were able to ship them back to Europe at low prices. Having sea routes led Portugal to have a good trading empire.