BC: Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communists
FC: Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communists | Jennifer Chu | "Chairman Mao will be with us forever!"
1: Dear Diary, July 1921 The force that leads our cause forward id the Chinese Communist Party. Our revolution should follow the theoretical basis of Marxism. If we are to have a revolution, we need a revolutionary party based on the Marxist-Leninst revolutionary so we can defeat imperialism. Without the efforts of the Chinese COmmunist Party, and the support of the broad masses of Chinese people, China can never establish independence and liberation, industrialization, and the modernization of agriculture. We must have faith in the people and in the Chinese Communist Party to guide China to a bright future. Mao Zedong
2: Soon I became a member of the party. There I was in charge of politicizing the peasantry, which help me establish a deep influence upon the future of the CCP. | July 1921: I attended the Chinese Communist Party's founding congress in Shanghai . | My portrait taken in 1936 | I took this photo in Shensi, province of China, in 1936 | Beginning of Chinese Communism
4: The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) | The Chinese Communist Party was formed by two university professors in June 1921 in Shanghai who are inspired by Marxism in the Russian Revolution. The goals of the CCP were national reunification, organization of the proletariat for revolution, modernization of rural China, and the end of imperialism in China.
5: April 12, 1927: Chiang struck against the Communists and their supporters in the Shanghai Massacre, killing almost fifteen thousand workers in Shanghai . | After the Shanghai Massacre, I fled to the mountainous Jiangxi Province south of Chiang Jiang. There I organized a revolution with the poverty-stricken peasants in the countryside and established a Communist base. | Chiang Kai-shek's troops | Shanghai Massacre of 1927 | Shanghai Massacre
6: Dear Diary, Fall 1926 After the Shanghai Massacre, many Communist leaders fled to the city. There they tried to start the Communist movement among the working class. Instead of joining the other leaders, I went to the mountainous Jiangxi Province in southern China. I believe that the best way to gain supporters for the revolutionary movement would be in the rural areas, where I will organize a Communist party and lead the hundred millions of poverty-stricken peasants in a revolution to drive the imperialist powers out of China. Mao Zedong
8: 1931: I founded the Chinese Soviet Republic in rural base inJiangxi Province in south-east China. | 1931: Chiang Kai-shek sent forces to attack the Communist base in Shanghai and Jiangxi Province . Most party leaders were forced escape to my base in south China . | Jiangxi Province in south-east China | Communism Gains Influence
9: Fall 1933: Chiang Kai-shek launched a huge tack on our Communist base in the Jiangxi and Fujian provinces.His forces far outnumbered my army, but I made effective use of guerrilla tactics, using sabotage and subterfuge to fight our enemy. | I addresses a conference of representatives of the peasants in the revolutionary base in Kiangsi Province of China in 1933
10: The propaganda says: "Read Chairman Mao's works, listen Chairman Mao's words, Obey to Chairman Mao's orders". | Chinese Communist Propaganda
11: This is where my speeches and publications are recorded. | My Little Red Book
12: 1934: After 4 unsuccessful campaign, in the fifth champaign, however, Chiang sent 700,000 troops and built fortifications around our positions. Hundreds of thousands of peasants were killed or died of starvation. We lost over 50% of our territory. It was then that we decided to retreat the battle in Fujian and retreat to northern China . | Chinese Communists begins the Long March in 1934. | Our Retreat
13: Oct 16, 1934: The Long March begins at 5:00 am. Our retreating force consisted of 86,000 troops, 15,000 personnel, and 35 women. Horse-drawn carts and men carried weapons and supplies. The Red Army had was well equipped with supplies. We bought along rifles, carbines, pistols, submachine guns, light machine guns, and heavy machine guns, as well as other was supplies. | The March Begins | The Communist Party march across China in Oct 1934 to escape the Chinese Nationalist Party armies of Chiang Kai-shek.
14: Map of the Long March | This is a map of our march to northern China.
15: I wrote this poem in Oct 1935 toward the end of the Long March about our experiences during the march and places we went through. | The Long March Poem
16: Nov 25th - Dec 3 1933: We fought in the Battle of Xiang. Guomindang attacked our troops at Xiang. Our equipment slowed the movement and we tossed many of our equipment into the Xiang River. | We fought at the Luding Bridge against Mao's Kuomintang troops. | We are crossing the mountain during the Long March.
17: Zunyi was located in southern China | Jan 1934: In the Zunyi conference, I was chosen the leader of the Communist party and the commander of the Red Army. I planned a new escape strategy. I split up my army into several groups so we can take varying paths to make our trip unpredictable to the enemy. | Jan 7, 1934: The Red Army had occupied Zunyi.n the Battle of Xiang, we lost 45,000 men – over 50% of our fighting force. Our army were down to 30,000 troops.
18: October 1935: The Long March ended when we joined the northern Red Army in Yanan. We had marched over 9000 km through mountains, marshes, and deserts. Of the 90,000 troops, only 9,000 survived. | End of the March | I am with two Communist leaders, Chou En-lai and Clu Teh at Yanan during the Chinese Civil War.
19: Dear Diary, Oct 1935 We finally reached Yanan! We are now able to join with the other northern Communist troops to form a fighting strength of eighty thousand troops. The Communist leaders and I established a new base in Yanan. Here we will plan a new strategy to overthrow the Nationalist government in China. We are now safe from the threat of Kuomintang's troops. However, we are far from the real power in Beijing. Mao Zedong
20: News Headlines!!! | Students and residents gathered at the Chinese Theatre in protest of the Shanghai Massacre. | Communist troops fought Kuomintang troops in northern China.
21: As Chiang's forces takes over us, we decided a retreat to northern China. | Communists groups gained influence in China's rural areas. | Chiang blocked supplies to the Chinese Communists.
23: Communist banners still fly in various parts of China, despite Chiang Kai-shek's efforts to suppress them. | Communist Banners in China | This is a typical Red banner of our communists in 1935 in China.
24: Works Cited | Websites: 1) http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/10/16 2)http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/long_march_1934_to_1935.htm 3)http://factsanddetails.com/china.php?itemid=60&catid=2&subcatid=5#9902 4)http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-06/25/content_342539.htm 5)http://hn.bigchalk.com/hnweb/hn/do/search
25: Books: 1) Glencoe World History Modern Times. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill School Pub Co., 2009. Print. 2) Schoppa, R. Keith. Twentieth Century China. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print. Photos: 1) http:/ampimages.ap.org 2)http://factsanddetails.com/china.php?itemid=60&catid=2&subcatid=5#9902 | Works Cited