S: The world of cells
FC: The World of Cells By:Morgan Bennett and Lindsey Hanna
1: Hello! and welcome to the wonderful world of cells! This is definitely not your typical planet, this one is made out of many different things that have to do with cells.!So, for all of you guys who are ready to read, along the way you will get to learn about cells too This is not your regular "learning" book, trust me, you wont even realize that you are learning and increasing your prior knowledge about cells! so get ready to have a blast at the wonderful world of cells! | Welcome!
2: Theory Country! | In th | All of the organisms consist of one or more cells. The cell is the basic unit of structure for an organism All cells arise only from preexisting cells.
3: Membrane County In a plant cell, the membrane is hard and rigid, but in an animal cell, the membrane is made up of flexible lipids. Because the lipids are able to make available easily, the cell membrane is very easy to fix.This is important because the cell membrane stands as a barrier between the inside of the cell and the outside world. Protecting the inside cell workings, it also stands as a filter and carrier for the cell. This membrane also helps the cell adapt to the outside world.
4: Schwann In 1839, he concluded both plants and animals consist of cells. He also concluded that even though cells were a part of an organism, they also had an individual life. | Hooke In 1662, he discovered tiny compartments in the cork of a tree and gave them the Latin name Cellulae (small rooms). This is the first biological term for cell. | Countries founders!
5: Virchow In 1849, he concluded that every cell comes from an existing cell. | Schleidan In 1838,he suggested that the nucleus and cell development were closely related. He determined that each plant cell has two part: one involving development and the other an integral part.
6: Cell Structures country and their important jobs! | Cytoplasm: supports and protects cell organelles. Nucleus: controls cell activities, contains the heredity material of a cell. Ribosomes: synthesizes proteins. ER: carries materials through the cells and aids in making proteins. Mitochondrion: Breaks down sugar molecules to release energy, site of aerobic cellular respiration.
7: Lysosome: breaks down larger food molecules into smaller molecules, digests old cell parts. Golgi Apparatus: Modify proteins made by the cells, package and export proteins. Vacuole: Store food, water, metabolic, and toxic wastes,also stores large amounts of food or sugars in plants. Centrioles: The separate chromosome pairs during mitosis. Cytoskeleton: Strengthens the cell and maintains the shape and also controls movement
8: Prokaryotic | 1. Has no nuclear membrane or nucleoli 2.. Has no membrane enclosed organelles 3. Flagella has two protein building blocks 4. Glycocalyx is present in all cells 5. The cell wall is mostly present and chemically complex. 6. The plasma membrane contains no carbohydrates and lacks sterols. 7. No cytoskelton or cytoplasmic streaming 8. It has small size ribosomes. 9.. Contains single circular chromosome without histones. 10. Cell division is binary fission 11. Reproduction includes no meosis; only transfers DNA fragments
9: Eukaryotic | 1. Has nucleus with membrane and nucleoli 2 . Contains many membrane enclosed organelles 3. Flagella has multiple microtubules 4. Glycocalyx is present in some cells that do not have cell walls 5. The cell wall, when present, is chemically simple. 6. The plasma membrane contain both sterols and carbohydrates. Both of them serve as receptors. 7. Contains cytoskeleton and cytoplasmic streaming. 8. It has large size ribosomes. 9. Contains multiple linear chromosones with histones. 10.Cell division is mitosis 11. Reproduction involves meosis
10: Animal countries do not have a cell wall. In animal countries the cell pinches in the center to form two cells. Animal countries on the other hand do not have chloroplast while it is found in plant countries. In plant countries the vacuoles are generally quite large while in animal cells they are very small. | Animal vs. Plant Countries
11: Animal Country | Plant Country