S: OREGON TRAIL
FC: By: Andy, Jake and Priscilla.
1: Table Of Contents | Front Cover Page 1:Table Of Contents Page 2: Cities Along the Way Page 3: Women On the Trail Pages 4-9: Cities Along the Way Pages10-11: Women On the Trail Pages 12-15: Dangers and Hardships Pages 16-17: Provisions Page 18: Dedication Page 19: Thank You Page Back Cover
2: Cities along the Way: Jumping Off Cities Pioneers unloaded their wagons at any one of several small towns along the Missouri River, which they called "jumping off" places.
3: Women on the Trail: Women on the trail had journals. In these journals they wrote everything that happened while they were on the trail.
4: Westport, Missouri: | Yet, while Independence boomed in the 1840s, Westport did not. That wasn't until the 1850s that this river community became an outfitter's boomtown.which was built just east of the Missouri Line, not far from Independence
5: Council Bluffs, Iowa: Mormons were the first to arrive here in the 1840's.Mormon population in the community reached its peak in 1848.
6: Alcove Spring, KANSAS: A week or after crossing the Kansas River, the emigrants were rewarded by the beauty of a popular campsite known as Alcove Spring. | "About three-fourths of a mile from our camp, we found a large spring of water, as cold and pure as if it had just been melted from ice. We named this Alcove Spring." said Emigrant Edwin Bryant. Many pioneers were impressed with the beauty of the area. Some were tempted to end the journey and begin farming.
7: Courthouse Rock Rock Creek Station NEBRASKA : An emigrant who had never seen a mountain, or even a bluff, Courthouse Rock and its companion, Jail Rock were quite stunning. Many pioneers were so cought up by these bizarre geologic features, they took a trip of several miles on foot just to get a closer look. | Independence Rock, WYOMING: On any summer evening in July hundreds of emigrants could be found swarming all over Independence Rock, sending messages to each other. Many of the emigrants arrived here on the fourth of July, and that was cause for celebration.
8: Fort Hal, IDAHO: Ft. Hall was an important stop for the emigrants in the trail's early years. Yet few who passed through this fort knew the strange reason it was built.
9: Whitman Mission washington: Beginning in 1845, most wagon trains took a shortcut that bypassed the Whitman Mission.Emigrants came here only becuase they were sick.but the local Cayuse tribe had no resistance. Half the tribe died, and adozen others.Then he story of the Whitman mission came to it's end. | Oregon City, OREGON: From Oregon City the emigrants fanned out in all directions to take ther claims and begin new lives.
10: Native Americans | The first section of the Oregon Trail bisected two major Native American tribes--the Cheyenne to the north and the Pawnee to the south. Most of the encounters with Native Americans were simple business transactions. The emigrants offered clothes, tobacco or rifles, in exchange for Native American horses or food. The emigrants worried a great deal about possible Native American attacks, but very few were ever actually killed by the native tribes.
11: African Americans | In 1788 Marcus Lopez, cabin boy of Captain Robert Gray, becomes the first person of African on the trail In 1805 York, William Clark's slave, comes west with Lewis and Clark's Corps of Discovery.
12: Diseases and Hardships | River crossing One example of how dangeorus river crossing were is 37 people drowned trying to cross the Green rRver. | Hundreds also drowned trying to cross the Kansas, North Platte and Columbia Rivers.
13: Diseases and Hardships | CHOLERA | The biggest killer on the trail. There was no cure and could turn you from healthy to dead in hours. | cholera bacteria
14: Diseases and Hardships | Some just died because of accidents like falling under the wagon or if the wagon tipped.
15: Diseases and Hardships | Though not as severe as cholera, small pox, flu, measles, mumps and tuberculosis took there toll and spread quickly through the cramped wagon.
16: Provisions | This is a diagram of the covered wagon | Set of augers Ax Hoe Shovel Whetstone Oxbows Kingbolts Oxshoes Wagon tongue Chains Gimlet Hammer Plow Spade Axles Linchpins Spikes Heavy ropes Set of augers Ax Hoe Shovel Whetstone Oxbows Kingbolts Oxshoes Wagon tongue Chains Gimlet Hammer Plow Spade Axles Linchpins Spikes Heavy ropes
17: Set of augers Ax Hoe Shovel Whetstone Oxbows Kingbolts Oxshoes Wagon tongue Chains Gimlet Hammer Plow Spade Axles Linchpins Spikes Heavy ropes | Tools | Liniments Chamber pot Tallow Bandages Washbowl Spyglasses Campstool Lantern Scissors Surgical instruments Candle molds Needles pins thread | Handy items | Rifle Gunpowder Bullet pouch Pistol Lead Holster Knife Bullet mold Powder horn Hatchet | Weaponry
18: Dedication | We dedicate this book to Sam Lloyd for giving us this lab so we can work and create stuff like this.
19: Thank you For reading our book about the Oregon Trail!
20: Works Cited "Council Bluffs on the Oregon-Trail." Idaho State University. 05 June 2009
21: Http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/41mCbUU2EOL._SL500_AA280_.jpg. Old western pistol. Jumping Off. 9 June 2009