S: Passport To: Ancient China
BC: "Have you ever wondered what Ancient China is like? How the emperors ruled? How they got food? How they survived?" Welcome to the world of Ancient China- a place of wonders! In this book you'll find out amazing facts and information involving all of China's aspects such as their government, resources, law and many other fascinating subjects! So if you've ever wondered what it's like in Ancient China, then check out "The Wonders of Ancient China"; you'll be surprised to find out that their world isn't so different from ours.
FC: Passport to | Ancient China | by K. DeVore
1: Ancient China | by K. DeVore
2: Copyright 2012 by K. DeVore All rights reserved. Published by MixBook. MIXBOOK and associated logos are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of MixBook.com. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the author. For information regarding permission please write to K. DeVore. Library of IES 6th Grade DeVore, K., 2012 Ancient China/ by K. DeVore- 1st Ed. 1. Ancient China- Nonfiction. [Religion- Nonfiction, Culture- Nonfiction, Law- Nonfiction] 1. Title
3: Table of Contents: | Introduction...... pg. 5 The Beginning of China...... pg. 6 Law and Government...... pg. 8 Food and Beverages...... pg. 10 Religion and Culture...... pg. 12 The End of Ancient China...... pg. 14 Bibliography..... pg. 16
5: Introduction | Have you ever wondered what Ancient China is like? How the emperors ruled, how they got food, how they survived? I did! So I decided to pursue the world of Ancient China and write a book about it! After tons of research I decided I was ready to begin. So what are you waiting for? Grab a passport and join me on a journey of a lifetime to Ancient China!
6: The Beginning of Ancient China | China's history goes back thousands of years! This amazing civilization began in approximately 221 B.C. The first dynasty in China that has historical proof is the Shang dynasty. This group of rulers led the majority of northern China during the period of 1650 B.C. to 1027 B.C. Their base was in the surrounding land of the Yellow River. This is probably because of the fertile land which they can plant in. A river holds many resources, as well, including water, clay, and fish- some essential materials for the Chinese. The Shang ruler was known as "the Son of Heaven" because he was thought of as a connection between Heaven and Earth. He was said to have possessed amazing powers and was expected to practice his gifts often. The Shang had many slaves, though they relied upon the population living in the rural area, such as
7: farmers. Peasant farmers often participated in royal hunts, were foot soldiers, and took care of the land and animals which provided well for the Chinese. Although the most farmers were thought of as quite lowly, they were an essential part of Ancient China, provided almost all of the food for the population. | A farm in Ancient China.
8: Law and Government | Ancient China's government was communist and didn't let the citizens speak out to other countries. They kept them secluded from all that happened outside their own country. The government was cruel to peasants, and sacrifices were often made merely for the emperor's entertainment. In approximately 200 B.C., during the Ch'in Dynasty, the emperor's took over the government completely! Instead of letting the kings rule their own towns, the emperors sent governors and judges who were utterly loyal to them to lead the villages as opposed to the local kings. Once the Han Dynasty began, though, the emperors ran tests to decide who would help rule instead of judging merely by loyalty. In Ancient China they had mainly two law philosophies-- Legalism and Confucianism. Legalism is sort of like the American law method. This philosophy is a series of laws and rules that even the emperor is bound by! Breaking the law resulted in punishments such as decapitation, getting your
9: feet cut off, or having to walk along an extremely hot wire that would've quickly burnt your feet. Ouch! Confucianism, on the other hand, is makes the leaders rule with virtue. The citizens are supposed to feel a sense of guilt when they break the law and not do it-- confusing, right? The emperor is the complete overlord of everybody and is allowed to break the law; wow, that's messed up! Right?
10: Food and Beverages | People from civilizations everywhere have made food! For feasts or just for regular meals, cooking is an important part of everyday life. For as long as history has been recorded, people have made food; here are some things that people ate and cooked with.... | Rice! The Chinese are well known the their usage of rice. This is a picture of Pakistani-style rice! | A fried dumpling with a filling of chicken and onions. | This is a picture of various fruits, vegetables, and spices. In the front is two different kinds of fresh ginger, and in the back are fruits and vegetables.
11: Most Chinese people enjoy a nice thirst-quenching glass of tea. Another popular drink is mung bean soup, which is sort of a drink, and sort of soup. Suan Mei Tang is another delicious drink; despite its fancy name, it's actually just sour plum juice! That's my kind of drink! | A jar of sour plum juice, Suan Mei Tang. | This is a picture of mung bean soup with shrimp, served with smoked fish and tomatoes. | This tea, Masala Chai, was originally created in the Indian subcontinent.
12: Religion and Culture | Ancient China was mainly polytheistic, and worshiped their ancestors as well as basic gods. They believed that once people died they became gods and thus treated them as so. In approximately 1500 B.C., the Chinese began soothsaying to predict the future. They used written oracle bones to predict events and figure out what was going to happen. Later, people began believing a thing called t'ien, which has been translated to mean "Heaven". T'ien became a big part of their religion and culture because it was decided that an emperor or empress could not rule unless given the Mandate of Heaven, which grants permission to lead. As well as being known for their religion, China is famous for their eccentric culture! They celebrate many festivals- such as The Quingming Festival and The Shoton Festivals- and wear brightly colored clothing and jewelry!
13: The Quingming Festival, also known as the Tomb Sweeping Day, is day of sacrificing to ancestors. | The Shoton Festival is a celebration held on the last day of June. | A painting depicting the Quingming Festival, also known as Tomb-Sweeping Day. | Shoton Festival participant riding a decorative bull in the games.
14: The End of Ancient China | Ancient China was one of the most prosperous civilizations that have ever began. Alexander the Great was a powerful man who took over many civilizations but never conquered Ancient China, so China never really died out!
16: Bibliography | "Ancient Chinese Government for Kids!" Kidipede - History for Kids - Homework Help for Middle School Social Studies. Web. 04 Dec. 2011.
17: "Pingdi (emperor of Han Dynasty) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Web. 04 Dec. 2011.