S: presidential ScrapBook
BC: Bibliography | The websites we used were millercenter.org and whitehouse.gov
FC: by:Ethan Lear & Jonathan Ward | Presidential Scrap Book
1: on April 30, 1789 George Washington took his oath as the first president of the United States. He served from 1789 to 1797. No party was formed before he was president so he didn't have a political party. near the end of his first term they began to form political party. he retired after the end of his 2nd term. after 3 years he died. | George Washington & John Adams
2: John Adams & Thomas Jefferson
3: John Adams served from 1797 to 1801. His political party was federalists. he spoke what was on his mind.he was a very big patriot. John Adams was a very smart man. He was a Harvard graduate. John Adams wrote 6 books. During his reign the population in America increased drastically.
4: Thomas Jefferson , Aaron Burr & George Clinton
5: Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the united states. He served from 1801 to 1809. His political Party was Democratic-Republican. He was the man who wrote the declaration of independence. He had a duel with his vice president, Aaron Burr. After the death of Aaron Burr George Clinton became Vice President. Thomas Jefferson was a well educated man. He died in the year 1826.
6: James Madison & George Clinton
7: James Madison served from 1809 to 1817. His Political Party was Democratic-Republican. James Madison and Thomas Jefferson were very close friends and had very similar childhood lives. They were both raised by a family of Virginian planters. James Madison received a very well education as a kid. He died in 1836.
8: James Monroe & Daniel D. Tompkins
9: James Monroe served from 1817 to 1825. His Political Party was Democratic-Republican. He had three children. James Monroe was the last President of the "Virginia Dynasty". Monroe had a long and distinguished public career as a soldier, diplomat, governor, senator and cabinet official.
10: John Quincy Adams & John C. Calhoun
11: John Quincy Adams served as president through 1825 to 1829. his political party was federalists. he was born in 1767 at Braintree, Massachusetts. he died in 1848 and was buried in Quincy, Massachusetts. He was a friendly person but everyone soon realized that he was the wrong person for the job. He failed to give support to Washington, even though it was his own party. he graduated from Harvard so he was smart enough to take on the task but wasn't able to.
12: Andrew Jackson & John C. Calhoun
13: Andrew Jackson served from 1829 to 1837. His Political Party was Democrat. He was born in 1767 and died in 1845. He wrote 7 books which is 1 more than John Adams. He was the first "self-made man" to ever reach the white house. A self-made man is someone who was raised by practically nobody. He lived on his own for most of his life and found a way into politics.
14: Martin Van Buren & Richard M. Johnson
15: Martin Van Buren served from 1837 to 1841. His Political Party was Democrat. He said that his two happiest days were once he was elected into presidency and when he surrendered his job from office. He did not enjoy being president and thats why he surrendered. He graduated from KinderHook Academy. He was smart but not smart enough to handle being president. he died in 1862.
16: William Harrison & John Tyler
17: William Harrison only served for 1 year (1841). His political Party was whig. He was the first president from the whig party. He died of old age the first year of his presidential rule. His son, Benjamen Harrison would become president in a few years.
18: John Tyler
19: John Tyler served his years from 1841 to 1845. His Political Party was Democrat. He had 14 children. Everyone thought that he wouldn't be good for the job. He was an amazing president and proved everyone wrong. He did fail though after deciding to refuse the help from congress which was a bad idea because he was very unorganized and a very bad person to work with. He made everyone on his team mad by refusing help from them. after his end of presidency he died 17 years later in 1862.
20: James K. Polk & George Dallas
21: James K. Polk served from 1845 to 1849. His Political Party was Democrat. He graduated from the university of North Carolina in 1818. He was born in 1795 and died in 1849. While he was president The united states grew by more than a million square miles. Some say that he was a great president while others say that he missed great opportunities. He was able to accomplish more than his goals. He was the most successful president since George Washington. They both accomplished all of their Goals.
22: Zachary Taylor & Millard Fillmore
23: Zachary Taylor served as president between 1849 to 1850. His political party was Whig. He was born in 1784 and died in 1850. He died because of old age. He was 66 when he died. He had 6 children. Before and during when he was president he was the most popular man in the united states. everyone wanted to know him so badly.
24: Millard Filmore
25: Millard Filmore served a term from 1850-1853. His political party was the whig.Four achievements of Millard Filmore while in office was when he allowed immigrants into the states. He was able to remain as an unknown president. Most of America had forgotten about him and his life as a president. He died in 1853.
26: Franklin Pierce & William R. V. King
27: Franklin Pierce served as a president from 1853 to 1837. His Political Party was Democrat. He was behind one of the most crucial pieces of legislation in American history.He led proclaimed an era of peace and prosperity with other nations. He was also able to claim peace in Kansas. Also arousing apprehension.
28: James Buchanan & John C. Breckenridge
29: His term as president was from 1857-1861. His political party was democratic. Four achievements of his in office was that some of the citizens of the u.s. hoped he would be the president to do something about slavery; gave a speech to try to bring peace back to the peaceful country; became the fifteenth president; grasped inadequately the political realities of the time.Two facts about him were that he was the only president that didn't get married and also born on 1791 in Pennsylvania.
30: Abraham Lincoln & Andrew Johnson & Hannibal Hamlin
31: Abraham Lincoln's term was from 1861-1865. His political party was the whig, but since it was destroyed, he moved on to become a republican. Four achievements of his were bringing the south and north together; promoting anti-slavery; the first republican president; was known as the countries greatest president. Two facts about him was that he had great admiration for ending or limiting slavery and also that he was seen as a threat to southern democrats, of the fact the he could kill slavery in the south.
32: Andrew Johnson
33: Andrew Johnson served a term from 1865-1869. His political party was democracy going on to unionist. Four achievements of his was that he became president with the lack of eduction, like Lincoln; became president instead of being assassinated with Lincoln; maintained slavery in a different way; and also remembered through history. Two facts on him are that he was remembered through history as the countries worst president and that he would have been assassinated with Lincoln.
34: Ulysses S. Grant & Henry Wilson & Schuyler Colfax
35: Ulysses S. Grants term was from 1869-1877. His political party was being a republican. Four achievements of his was being known as a union general; he led the north to victory over the confederate south; inspired great bravery into the soldiers on the battlefield; he also rose to the highest political office. Two facts on him are that has been known as one of the worst presidents in history, but also has been reconsidered of that title; and was also a war hero.
36: Rutherford B. Hayes & William A. Wheeler
37: Rutherford B. Hayes served from 1877 to 1881. His political party was Republican. He had 9 children. Before he was a president he was a lawyer. He was able to "heal" the united states after the injuries of the Civil War. He was elected after the most lengthy, bitterly disputed, and corrupt presidential election in history. He was well suited for the task of being president.
38: James A. Garfield & Chester Arthur
39: James A Garfield served his time during 1881. His Political Party was Republican. He was won of the four lost presidents who served uneventfully after the civil was. Of the four Presidents(Hayes, Garfield, Arthur And Harrison) Garfield is the best remembered one because of his dramatic assassination 100 days after he was elected. He wasn't able to impact the United States Because his time of presidency was to short to be able to do anything. Even though he didn't last very long his story or legacy was more ambiguous than most people realized.
40: nhbjhbjhbjhbjhb | Chester A. Arthur & Frederick T. Frelinghuysen & James G. Blaine
41: Chester A. Arthur served from 1881 to 1885. His Political Party was Republican. He had really poor health but he attempted to govern America Competently. He didn't let his poor health get in the way of his job.He succeeded to a degree that was never acknowledged by his politicians, the press, or the great mass of Americans.
42: Grover Cleveland & Thomas A. Hendricks &Adlai E. Stevenson
43: Grover Cleveland served as the 22nd president and the 24th president. As the 22nd president he served from 1885 to 1889. as the 24th president he served from 1893 to 1897. His Political Party was Democrat. He was not the best president of the united states but was the most stubborn as well.
44: Benjamin Harrison & Levi P. Morton
45: Benjamin Harrison served from 1889 to 1893. His Political Party was Republican. He had 3 children. He died 8 years after the end of his presidency. He was Known as an average president. He died in
46: See president 22 for info.
48: William McKinley & Garret A. Hobart &Theodore Roosevelt
49: William McKinley served as president from 1897 to 1901. His Political Party was Republican. He had 2 children. One of them (Ida) is still alive to this day. There was 1 year (1900) when he didn't have a vice president. Many people claim that he was a weak president which forced him into the war with Spain.
50: Theodore Roosevelt & Charles W. Fairbanks
51: Theodore Roosevelt served from 1901 to 1909. His political party was republican. Theodore Roosevelt made the spot as president the strongest part of the government. before he did the strongest was congress. He thought that the president had the right to use any and all powers unless they are specifically denied by congress or states.
52: William Taft & James S. Sherman
53: William Taft was president from 1909 to 1913. His political party was Republican. He had a challenging task as president. Taft was a warmhearted man and a kind one as well. He wanted to be loved as a person and respected for his judicial temperament.
54: Woodrow Wilson & Thomas R. Marshall
55: Woodrow Wilson served as president from 1913 to 1921. His Political Party was Democrat. He left the white house broken physically but confident that his vision of America playing a central role in a league of nations would be realized eventually. His dream was within grasp in 1919. He inspired many Americans. It shaped much of Americas foreign policy for the remainder of the twentieth century.
56: Warren Harding & Calvin Coolidge
57: Warren Harding served as President from 1921 to 1923. His Political Party was Republican. Most historians ranked Harding as one of the worst Presidents. Some see him as an important transitional figure whose easy-going ways helped fill a gap between Wilsonian idealism and the business prosperity of the Coolidge and Hoover years. He is also given some credit for his progressive views on race and civil rights.
58: Calvin Coolidge & Charles G. Dawes
59: Calvin Coolidge served as president from 1923 to 1929. His Political Party was Republican.Although the public liked and admired Coolidge, the great depression started in 1929 which ruined his reputation and changed public opinions about his policies. Many say or think that Coolidge started the great depression. Many people were in debt for having purchased consumer goods on easy installment credit terms.
60: Herbert Hoover & Charles Curtis
61: Herbert Hoover served as president from 1929 to 1933. His Political Party was Republican.For many years, the American public held Hoover in very low esteem, blaming him for the great depression and criticizing his efforts to solve the crisis. In the 1970s, however, Hoovers reputation began to recover. Even as the nation went into the great depression, Hoovers faith remained steadfast.
62: Franklin Roosevelt & John N. Garner & Henry A. Wallace & Harry Truman
63: Franklin Roosevelt served as president from 1933 to 1945. His Political Party was Democrat. He served for the longest time in American history. He may have done more in those twelve years to change the American society more than any president in the White House, discarding Abe Lincoln. Some of this was the product of circumstances. The Great Depression and the rise of Germany and Japan were Beyond FDRs control. But his responses to the challenges he faced made him a defining figure in American History.
64: Harry Truman & Alben W. Barkley
65: Harry Truman served as president from 1945 to 1953. His Political Party was Democrat. He was one of the most unpopular politicians. Truman's conduct of American foreign policy deserved special commendation. Him and His advisers recognized that the Soviet Union threatened to political and military balance of power. It will also threaten the healthy economic intercourse.
66: Dwight Eisenhower &Richard Nixon
67: Dwight Eisenhower served from 1953 to 1961. His Political Party was Republican. Eisenhower's reputation among historians has changed allot in the last for decades. Historians made a poll in 1962 that placed Eisenhower 22nd in a list of good presidents. Its an average spot. Two decades later he moved up to 11th place. and in 1994 he's in 8th. in the last poll he was in 10th place which is two spots below from his previous spot.
68: John F.Kennedy & Lyndon Johnson
69: John Kennedy served as president from 1961 to 1963. His Political PArty was Democrat. Most people remember him by his brutal death. But he made America go into the Vietnam war. He had promised much but never had the opportunity to follow through. He had what historians called "an unfinished life". For that reason assessments of the policies of the Kennedy presidency remain mixed.
70: Lyndon Johnson & Hubert H. Humphrey
71: Lyndon Johnson served as president from 1963 to 1969. His political party was Democrat. Johnson's time as president began and ended with tragedy. He came into office after the death of a popular young president and provided needed continuity and stability. He advanced the Kennedy legacy, obtaining far more than Kennedy would likely have gotten out of congress, and then won a huge landslide victory for himself and his party.
72: Richard Nixon& Spiro T. Agnew & Gerald Ford
73: Richard Nixon served from 1969 to 1974. His political party was Republican. Nixon and his presidency are often termed "complex." Scholars who classify him as liberal, moderate, or conservative find ample evidence for each label and conclusive evidence for none of them. This should be expected of a transitional political figure, In foreign and domestic policy, Nixon's inclination were conservative, but he assumed the presidency at the end of the 1960s/ liberalism's postwar peak.
74: Gerald Ford & Nelson A. Rockefeller
75: Gerald Ford served from 1974 to 1977. his political party was republican. Ford's presidency must be assessed in light of both the exceptional circumstances under which Ford assumed office and the severe challenges he faced during those years.Ford was not elected president by the American public; he became president in 1974 only after Richard Nixon chose to resign rather than face removal by congress.
76: Jimmy Carter & Walter Mondale
77: Jimmy Carter served as president from 1977 to 1981. His political party was Democrat. Carter is much more highly regarded today than when he lost his bid for reelection in 1980. He has produced an exemplary post-presidency, and today there is an increased appreciation for the enormity of the task he took on in 1977, if not for the measures he took to deal with the crises that he faced.
78: Ronald Reagan & George H. W. Bush
79: Ronald Reagan served as president from 1981 to 1989. His political party was republican. Reagan was a transformational President. His leadership and the symbiotic relationship he forged with the soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev during their four summit meetings set the stage for a peaceful resolution of the cold war.
80: George H.W. Bush & J. Danforth Quayle
81: George H.W. Bush served as president from 1989 to 1993. His political party was Republican. Bush came into the presidency as one of the most qualified candidates to assume the office. He had a long career in both domestic politics and foreign affairs, knew the government bureaucracy, and had eight years of hands-on training as vice-president. still, if presidential success is determined by winning reelection, Bush was unsuccessful because he failed to convince American public to give him another four years in office.
82: Bill Clinton & Albert Gore, Jr.
83: Bill Clinton served as president from 1993 to 2001. His political party was Democrat. He was the only president to ever be impeached. He remade the how people view the Democratic party in some ways that effectively undermined the "Reagen Revolution". The "new Democratic"party helped the Reagen appeal to law and order, individualism, and welfare reform. It made the democratic party more attractive to white middle-class Americans.
84: George W. Bush & Richard B. Cheney
85: George W. Bush served as president from 2001 to 2009. His political party was Republican. It took an extremely long argument during a vote recount and a 5-4 supreme court decision, but in January 2001, the bush family succeeded in accomplishing that rarest of American exactas: a father and son who both served as President of the United States.
86: Barack Obama & Joesph Bidan
87: Barack Obama Served as president from 2009 to this very day. His political party is Democrat. He was the first African American President. He grew up in Hawaii. He left the state to attend a college. He went to HArvard Law School. He worked as a community organizer in Chicago, where he met and married Michelle Robinson in 1992. He was the Illinois state senate in 1996 and served there for 8 years before changing jobs and then becoming president. Currently he is trying to get American soldiers out of Afghanistan.