S: Rosa Bonheur
BC: Created by Tate Thomason Visual Arts 4 Semester 3 June 1 2011
FC: Rosa Bonheur
1: Who was Rosa Bonheur? | Rosa Bonheur was a French animal painter, realistic artist and a sculptor. She is widely considered to be the most famous female painter of the nineteenth century.
2: I was forced to recognize that the clothing of my sex was a constant bother. That is why I decided to solicit the authorization to wear men's clothing from the prefect of the police - Rosa Bonheur
3: I was forced to recognize that the clothing of my sex was a constant bother. That is why I decided to solicit the authorization to wear men's clothing from the prefect of the police - Rosa Bonheur | A Horse and Donkey In a Hilly Landscape - Rosa Bonheur
4: Marie-Rosalie Bonheur was born March 16th, 1822 in Bordeaux, France. She was one of four children, each trained as an artist. Most influential in her life, both artistically and socially, was her father, Oscar-Raymond Bonheur, also a trained artist and devout socialist.
5: Her father was part of a movement for equality among the sexes and this is what drove Rosa to become a indepenedent person and her belief that everything had a soul including animals led her to begin collecting and owning many animals.
6: After a few failed attempts at boarding school and an apprenticeship with a dressmaker, Rosa began her artistic training with her father at the age of thirteen. She never attended formal art classes as women weren't allowed to at this time. But learned quickly under the teachings of her father.
7: She began her training with the standard procedures of copying engravings and plaster casts, drawing still-lifes, and later copying paintings of the masters in the Louvre. This was common training for art students but certainly uncommon for a girl. Though several of these copies were quickly sold, Raymond considered this insufficient training and encouraged his children to sketch directly from nature.
8: After moving with her family to the country to be around more animals and nature. Rosa began dressing as a man in waistcoat and trousers and began frequently visiting places that were quite obscene for a lady such as slaughterhouses and watching animals be processed so she could get a better picture of their anatomy. She even begin doing her own dissections to learn more.
9: Mouton Broutant, Rosa Bonheur 1842. | This is the first sculpture that Rosa Bonheur exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1842. This piece is on permanent display at the Museum of Bordeaux, France.
10: Other than sculptures, Bonheur was also a realist and animal painter. She credits Nicholas Poussin and Peter Paul Rubens as her favorite and most influential artists.
11: Her First Big Success... | Ploughing in the Nivernais, Rosa Bonheur 1849.
12: Her Influence | She is perhaps more famous today for her wearing of mens clothes and smoking cigarettes in public than she is for her artwork. She was influential on other women artists and women in general to start trying to gain their equality.
13: Couching Lion, Rosa Bonheur 1872. | Rosa kept many domestic animals around her home but that wasn't all she had she also had a variety of exotic wild animals such as lions and even an otter.
14: The Horse Fair, Rosa Bonheur 1855 | The Original is on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
15: Her Most Well Known Piece | When you hear Rosa Bonheur many artists immediately think of The Horse Fair which was a monumental eight feet high by sixteen feet wide. She even gave a special viewing of the piece to Queen Victoria who admired her work. She be very popular in England even more so than in her native France.
16: Awards & Honors | honorary member of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and of the Société des Artistes Belges (1863); Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur, the first woman artist to receive this honor, and the Cross of San Carlos of Mexico, awarded to her by Emperor Maximilian and Empress Carlotta (1865); membership in the Académie des Beaux-Arts of Antwerp, Belgium (1868); Commander’s Cross of the Royal Order of Isabella (by Spain’s Alphonso XII), Catholic Cross and the Leopold Cross presented by Leopold of Belgium (1880); honorary member of the Royal Academy of Watercolorists of London and Mérite des Beaux-Arts de Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1885); and Officier de la Légion d’Honneur, the first woman to be honored in this position (1894).
17: Why I Chose Rosa | When we were choosing artists I really hadn't heard anything about her or any of her artwork. I just randomly picked her but when I did I really enjoyed learning about her and her artwork. What a unique person she was!
18: Work's | www.renoirinc.com/biography/artists/bonheur.htm www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/realism/Rosa-Bonheur.html www.bronze-gallery.com/French.../Rosa_Bonheur/rosa_bonheur.html arthistory.about.com/cs/namesbb/p/bonheur.htm
19: Cited | http://www.fada.com/catalogthumbs//rosa_bonheur_a2935_couching_lion.jpg http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_HnprcDWoluo/TB-NA6Vn33I/AAAAAAAAEBI/iU1TVMFUtI8/s1600/rosabetter.jpg http://www.artvalue.com/photos/auction/0/43/43426/bonheur-rosa-1822-1899-france-un-mouton-broutant-a-grazing-s-1917676.jpg
20: Work's Cited Continued.. | http://www.painting-palace.com/en/paintings/18485 http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/images/h2/h2_87.25.jpg http://media.photobucket.com/image/recent/sarafaithful/Animals/BonheurPlowingIntheNivernais.jpg
21: A Letter from the Author | Thanks everyone for viewing my mixbook. I hope you enjoyed it. I believe i did my artist justice and most important of all I pray I get a good grade on it. Thank You!