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Sentence Structure

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BC: Thank you all for your participation and help. I hope u have learned something from todays lesson that you will be able to use in the future.

FC: Sentence Structure By: Jonathan Gaston & Ashley Robinson | This book is design to help you better understand the use of sentence structure and to be able to use them to better your educational learning We appreciate you taking the time to read this

1: THE MOUNTAIN TEMPLE, WAT ARAT | November 7th | When using a coordinating conjunction - and or but - in a series , you must always use the same grammatical elements joined by the conjunction to keep the sentence parallel. A grammatical element could be an adverb , an adjectives , a noun, a prepositional phrase , etc. Do not get hung up on names of the grammatical elements. By this point, however, you should be able to recognize different grammatical elements even if you cant remember their exact names. ex.1 - The man was old, lonely, and a miser . In the example above the sentence is not parallel. It uses the coordinating conjunction and to make three comparisons about the man. Old and lonely are adjectives, and miser is a noun. you cant join adjectives with a noun. You can make this sentence parallel by making all the comparisons adjectives, or you can reword the sentence by taking out and. Look at the correct sentence below. Ex.1 The old, lonely man was a miser. Parallel

2: Making sentence parts parallel Sometimes only two parts of a sentence are combined using coordinating conjunctions. In these cases, make sure the two parts of the sentence that are joined by the conjunction are written in the same form. See the example below. Ex.1 He was a professional baseball player and also played the violin. Not Parallel linking verb followed by a predicate Action verb followed by a direct object noun. Combining a linking verb and an action verb with and is not parallel. The best way to correct this sentence is to use either a linking verb followed by two parallel predicate nouns or an action verb followed by two parallel direct objects. He was a professional baseball player and also an amateur violinist. He Played professional baseball and also the violin Parallel

3: Making sentences with Correlative Conjunctions Parallel Correlative conjunctions are either or, neither, nor, both and, not only, but also, and whether, or when using correlative conjunctions , make sure you use the same grammatical element for both parts of the sentence so that the sentence will be parallel. Ex.1 We needed either to correct the mistake or we should start over. Not parallel Both parts after either and or need to have the same grammatical structure. In the example above, an infinitive clause comes after the either, and an independent clause comes after or. Look at the sentence below. We needed to correct the mistake or start over. Parallel

4: Sentence structure is the order and arrangement of the clauses in a sentence, which is a group of words that express a complete thought. Three of the most common types of sentence structure are simple, compound, and complex sentences. Each of these can be identified by the number and types of clauses found within them. Types of Clauses The term "clause" simply refers to a group of words that form an idea, somewhat synonymous with "sentence." An "independent clause" is a phrase that includes a subject and predicate and can stand on its own as a full statement. In contrast to this, a "dependent clause" might have both a subject and predicate but what it expresses is incomplete. This distinction is important, as various types of sentence structure are created by combining these two forms. Simple A simple sentence structure consists of one independent clause. The previous example is simple and expresses a complete idea. While it is a short example, sentence length cannot be used to judge its type. "The man walked down the street to see if the newspaper had arrived at his favorite corner store," is simple, with only a single independent clause, though it is much longer than the previous examples

5: Quiz 1. Pauline and Bruno have a big argument every summer over where they should spend their summer. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex Sentence 2. Pauline loves to go to the beach and spend her days sunbathing. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex Sentence

6: continuation | 3. Bruno, on the other hand, likes the view that he gets from the log cabin up in the mountains, and he enjoys hiking in the forest. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex Sentence 4. Pauline says there is nothing relaxing about chopping wood, swatting mosquitoes, and cooking over a woodsmoke. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex SentenceQuiz

7: Quiz 5. Bruno dislikes sitting on the beach; he always gets a nasty sunburn. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex Sentence 6. Bruno tends to get bored sitting on the beach, watching the waves, getting sand in his swimsuit, and reading detective novels for a week. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex Sentence

8: 7. This year, after a lengthy, noisy debate, they decided to take separate vacations. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex Sentence 8. Bruno went to the White Mountains of New Hampshire, and Pauline went to Cape Cod. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex Sentence

9: 9. Although they are 250 miles apart, they keep in constant contact on the Internet. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex Sentence 10. Bruno took the desktop computer that he uses at work, and Pauline sits on the beach with her laptop computer, which she connects to the internet with a cellular phone. A. Simple Sentence B. Compound Sentence C. Complex Sentence D. Compound-Complex Sentence

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  • Title: Sentence Structure
  • This Book was design to better help you understand the use of sentence structure.
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