FC: Seoul Survival | A Basic Korean Guidebook | By Leslie Armstrong
1: Chaper 1 Hangul Characters
3: Hangul characters, rather than representing whole concepts by themselves, stand for vowel and consonant sounds much like the characters of the Roman alphabet do, and with vowel pronounciation similar to that of the "pure" Latin vowels. Hangul "Jamo," as they are called, are arranged into sound groups of two or three, sometimes even four, creating Jamo "blocks." This formation will be demonstrated in the next chapter.
5: Vowels Continued
7: Consonants Continued
8: Special Consonant | This odd consonant serves two purposes: it serves as a subtle "ng" sound at the end of Jamo squares and creates a silent filler when placed at the beginning of Jamo squares that would otherwise be incomplete.
9: Chapter 2 Etiquette Words
10: Greetings | ANNYONGHASEYO? | A formal greeting; its English equivalent is "hello, how are you?" | ANNYONG | An informal way of saying "hello." | BANGAWAYO | "Nice to meet you!"
11: Farewells | ANNYONGHIGASEYO | A formal way of saying "goodbye." | JARGA | An informal way of saying "goodbye."
12: Apologies | JOISONGHABNIDA | The formal way of apologizing. | MIANHE | The informal way of apologizing.
13: Responses | GOENCHANHAYO | A positive, reassuring response for when someone makes a mistake, like saying "that's okay." | GAMSAHABNIDA | "Thank you!"
14: Yes and No | YE | "Yes." | ANIO | "No."
15: Honorifics | NIM | Add this to the end of a person's name to show respect. | GOON | Add this to the end of a boy's name to show familiarity and endearment. | YANG | Add this to the end of a girl's name to show familiarity and endearment.
16: Chapter 3 Useful Sentences
17: "Na neun ___ ibnida." | "I am..." | Fill in the blank with your name or an adjective to describe yourself. | "Ja neun ___ ibnida." | "You are..." | Fill in the blank with a name or adjective to describe the person you are speaking to. Change the sentence to "Ja neun ibniga?" to ask who they are.
18: "Oudieh gabniga?" | "Where are you going?" | "Oudon habniga?" | "What are you doing?" | "Oudon ibniga?" | "What is that?" | "___ oudieh iseubniga?" | "Where is...?" | Fill in the blank with a noun to ask for the location of said noun.
19: "Youngou ga marniga?" | "Do you speak English?" | If you are finding it impossible to communicate, fall back on this nifty sentence... | English is taught as a mandatory second language at most Korean high schools, so the chances of finding someone to communicate with in English is fairly good.
20: Chapter 4 | Vocabulary Words
21: Saram - Person | Omaa - Mom | Abba - Dad | Agi - Child | Ot - Clothing | Gudu - Shoes
22: Mourikarag - Hair | Ourgoor - Face | Gaseum - Chest | Bar - Feet | Nun - Eye/Snow | Ko - Nose | Son - Hand
23: Iryoir - Sunday | Waryoir - Monday | Hoayoir - Tuesday | Suyoir - Wednesday | Mogyoir - Thursday | Geumyoir - Friday | Toyoir - Satuday
24: Hayansaek - White | Goumsoumsaek - Black | Paransaek - Blue | Noksaek - Green | Noransaek - Yellow | Bargansaek - Red | Joohangsaek - Orange | Borasaek - Violet | Boonhongsaek - Pink
25: Hana - One | Dur - Two | Set - Three | Net - Four | Daset - Five | Youset - Six | Irgop - Seven | Youdourp - Eight | Ahop - Nine | Yor - Ten