BC: The traders were anything but hospitable to the Africans while on the Middle Passage. In order to keep them healthy, they forced them to dance in a very humiliating manner. If they did not comply, they would be whipped mercilessly. Many Africans took this as an opportunity to dive off the ship and kill themselves. Many succeeded.
FC: Sights and Sounds of Slavery ~By Jonah McDevitt
1: Peaceful African villages were put on edge by the news of arriving slave traders. Villages would have lookouts assigned to letting out a signal when traders could be seen. When rapidly approaching traders were seen, a loud vocal signal would be let out, alerting other villagers.
2: The signals were not always enough. The traders would usually be traveling too fast for the villagers to get to safety. The villagers would then be violently seized, and either chained together or have coarse sacks thrown over their heads. They would then be lead away.
3: Since it would take more than a day for the traders to lead the Africans to their destination, which was the shore, they would have to camp out overnight. Many villagers would be too scared to eat, despite how hungry they were. The cold chains and the rough sacks made it too difficult to remain calm.
4: After a long, hot, tiring walk to shore where the slave boats were waiting, the natives would be inspected. They were checked for illnesses, and fitness. The reason for this was because the clients to whom the slaves were being sold to, would only buy slaves who were fit and healthy.
5: To the contrary of wanting healthy slaves, the captives were then literally packed into ships. These ships were usually large, but had so many slaves packed on it that there was little to no room. The route to America (The Middle Passage) was long and grueling. Many Africans died or became very ill while on these ships.