FC: The Slave Trade by Hannah 12899
1: What is the Slave Trade The Atlantic slave trade, also known as the trans-Atlantic slave trade, refers to the trade in slaves that took place across the Atlantic ocean from the sixteenth through to the nineteenth centuries. The vast majority of slaves involved in the Atlantic trade were Africans from the central and western parts of the continent, who were sold by Africans to European slave traders, who transported them across the ocean to the colonies in North and South America. There, the slaves were forced to labor on coffee, cocoa, cotton and sugar plantations, toil in gold and silver mines, in rice fields, the construction industry, timber for ships, or in houses to work as servants.
2: The Slave traders The slave traders were in order of scale:The Portuguese, the British, the French, the Spanish, the Dutch, and Americans. | These traders had outposts on the African coast where they purchased people from local African tribal leaders. Current estimates are that about 12 million were shipped across the Atlantic, although the actual number of people taken from their homes is considerably higher.
3: The best-known triangular trading system is the transatlantic slave trade that operated from the 16th to the 19th centuries, carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between west Africa, Caribbean or America colonies | and the European colonial powers. The first leg of the triangle was from a European port to Africa, in which ships carried supplies for sale and trade, such as copper, cloth, trinkets, slave beads , gun and ammunition. | The second leg, ships made the journey of the middle passage from Africa to the new world(America). Many slaves died of disease in the crowded hold of the slave ships. Once the ship reached the new world, survivors were sold.
4: The ships were then prepared to get them throughly cleaned, drained, and loaded with export goods for a return voyage, the third leg, to their home port, from the West Indies the main export cargoes were sugar, rum and molasses; from Virginia, tobacco and hemp. The ship then returned to Europe to complete the triangle.
5: Sources The information was from wikipedia.com The pictures were all from Google images