BC: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Project by Trevor
FC: Slave Trade Project By: Trevor (tc119764)
1: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade in Africa lost about 12.5 million Africans to the slave trade. 1/8 died during the voyage across sea and many died even before departure. | As expanding European empires in the New World lacked one major resource: a work force. Indians were unreliable because many were sick from foreign diseases the settlers brought with them.
2: Europeans were unsuited to the climate and suffered under tropical diseases. Africans, on the other hand, were excellent workers: they often had experience of agriculture and keeping cattle, they were used to a tropical climate, resistant to tropical diseases, and they could be "worked very hard" on plantations or in mines. | Slaves were generally the unfortunate victims of territorial expansion by imperialist African states or of raids led by predatory local strongmen, and various populations found themselves captured and sold as different regional powers came to prominence. Firearms, which were often exchanged for slaves, generally increased the level of fighting by lending military strength to previously marginal polities.
3: Slave trade had lasting effects upon the African cultural landscape. Areas that were hit hardest by endemic warfare and slave raids suffered from general population decline, and it is believed that the shortage of men in particular may have changed the structure of many societies by thrusting women into roles previously occupied by their husbands and brothers. In many cultures of West and Central Africa, witches are thought to kidnap solitary individuals to enslave or consume them.
4: The United States banned the importation of slaves in 1808. Though little enforcement was made by the US navy. It was the royal navy that cracked down on it. | Though the negative impact of the international slave trade on Africa was immense. It can be seen on the personal, family, communal, and continental levels. In addition to the millions of able-bodied individuals captured and transported, the death toll and the economic and environmental destruction resulting from wars and slave raids were startlingly high. In the famines that followed military actions, the old and very young were often killed or left to starve.
5: Works Sited: http://www1.american.edu/ted/slave.htm http://www.slavevoyages.org/tast/index.faces http://africanhistory.about.com/od/slavery/tp/TransAtlantic001.htm http://histclo.com/act/work/slave/ast/ast-atle.html http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/slav/hd_slav.htm http://www.inmotionaame.org/migrations/topic.cfm?migration=1&topic=9