S: Socrates: The Pursuit of Truth
BC: MJP INC. 2012 Published in Matthew's Room
FC: Socrates: The Pursuit of Truth By: Matthew Pettus | "Know Thyself" | 469 BC- 399 BC
1: The Tale of Socrates | Socrates was the sun of Sophroniscus, an Athenian sculptor. Socrates practiced the art of sculpting for many years, and participated in the Peloponnesian War. Socrates didn't actually write any books or memoirs so not much information of any importance has been found. Except for the fact that he taught Aristotle and Plato. Plato wrote many books about Socrates so more details have been found about his life. Although, Aristotle, Aristophanes, and Xenophon provided additional insight on the life and lies of Socrates. | Full Name: Socrates Born: 469 BCE, Deme Alopece Died: 399 BCE, Athens | Education: Classical Greek Spouse: Xanthippe Parents: Sophroniscus and Phaenerete Children: Lamprocles, Sophroniscus and Menexenus
2: Philosophy | Philosophy- the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct. | I chose the picture of the brain with puzzle pieces to represent Socrates because Socrates was a puzzle to many people. With his ways of interrogating people about their religions, he could have scared anybody. The hand holding the marble shows how small each one of us is in the whole universe. | In the musical You're a Good Man Charlie Brown, Kristin Chenoweth plays Sally Brown. She has to sing a song called My New Philosophy, when she gets a D on her essay for class. Her philosophies change from "Why are you telling me?" to "I can't stand it" to simply "NO!" She uses philosophies as her motto in life.
3: Socratic Method | Meletus had accused Socrates of corrupting the youth, or ruining the youth's morality. Socrates begins by asking if Meletus considers the improvement of youth important. He replies that he does, whereupon Socrates asks who is capable of improving the young. The laws, says Meletus, and Socrates asks him to name a person who knows the laws. Meletus responds that the judges there present know the laws, whereupon Socrates asks if all who are present are able to instruct and improve youth or whether only a few can. Meletus replies that all of them are capable of such a task, which forces Meletus to confess that other groups of Athenians, such as the Senate and the Assembly, and indeed all Athenians are capable of instructing and improving the youth. All except Socrates, that is. Socrates then starts a similar set of questions regarding the instruction and improvement of horses and other animals. Is it true that all men are capable of training horses, or only those men with special qualifications and experience? Meletus, realizing the absurdity of his position, does not answer, but Socrates answers for him and says that if he does not care enough about the youth of Athens to have given adequate thought to who might instruct and improve them, he has no right to accuse Socrates of corrupting them. Thus the Socratic method of argumentation begins with ordinary questions which lead the opponent to believe that the questioner is simple, but ends in a complete reversal. | The definition of Socratic Method defined by the American Heritage dictionary: A pedagogical technique in which a teacher does not give information directly but instead asks a series of questions, with the result that the student comes either to the desired knowledge by answering the questions or to a deeper awareness of the limits of knowledge.
4: The Death of Socrates | In this picture to the right, Socrates is teaching all the way until he's killed. He's teaching his students Aristotle and Plato. He was killed by drinking the herb Hemlock in a mixture. | The picture to the left shows a drawing of the deadly herb Hemlock and to the right is the actual picture. If eaten, it will be fatal. | When Athens was recuperating from its humiliating defeat in the Peloponnesian War, the Athenians had been doubting democracy as an efficient form of government. Socrates was a critic of democracy and disliked it, which the Athenian government perceived as political.
5: Pursuit of Truth | Socrates's pursuit of truth consisted of searching to understand the way of human interaction. And to find one's true inner self. This picture symbolizes the pursuit of truth because one has to find who he or she is. | This picture of a question mark shows that Socrates questioned everything in nature. That was his way of journeying to find his pursuit of truth. Because of the Socratic Method, he questioned everything in a logical way and found his Pursuit of Truth. The person being squished by the question mark shows how questions could be killing.