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Terra cotta army

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FC: Terracotta Army

1: In this essay you will be reading about the Terracotta Army created by Qin empire in ancient China. in the first paragraph you will learn some things about why did they put soldiers inside the emperors tomb and also how the tomb was divided, in the second paragraph you will read about who were the ones who carved the terracotta army and which method did they use for making all the soldiers . In the third paragraph I wrote about what is the terracotta army and what do they carry and what else was inside there, I hope you enjoy learning about the terracotta warriors.

2: The ancient people buried lots of soldiers to protect their emperor in the afterlife. Poured molten copper for the outer coffin and filled the burial chamber with models of palaces. The pit was divided into three major parts called pits and in pit number one there are more than 6,000 terracotta warriors and horses, and only 1,000 have been unburied. They are put into a well organized battle made by the infantry and cavalry. There were cavalry and war chariots creating a very important part of the battle. The soldiers that walk or called the foot soldiers are next to the horse drawn chariots and they are all lined in 38 rows. Some soldiers are armed, and some are put with armor. They say that pit number 2 is the most spectacular of the three pits. Compared to pit number one and the armed forces are more complete. There are over 80 war chariots, also 1,300 terracotta warriors and horses, and thousands of bronze weapons. There are two entrances on the north side, and four on both ends. Pit number three is the command center for all the groups in the other two pits. There are 68 terracotta warriors, four horses and one chariot all arranged. There is a passageway and when you enter it, you will face a chariot and horse chamber. This chariot and horse chamber has two corridors. A room is at the west of the left corridor. All the 68 warriors stand along the two sides of the passageways.

4: The terracotta soldiers were fired – baked in huge ovens at a very high temperature, they lid up the fire with wood. Imagine how many craftsmen followed the detailed set of rules. Almost all the warriors weighed between 330-440 pounds so how could they fire such a big object? The answer to that question was found in the soldiers. Almost all of the soldiers were made in seven big parts: the base, the feet, the legs, the torso, the arms, the hands, and the head. They also discovered that the artisans molded each part separately and then put everything together. They used wet clay to stick the arms to the body. They putted the head on top of a hole by the neck; also they would put the legs into the low part. The head was treated differently, two models were put together to form the head and after specialists added details by hand. They also made head gear, hair, bears, mustaches, eyes, shoes, and harnesses. After that they applied the coloring, they used colors such as: light green, red, black, yellow, and violet. Experts discovered that there were many names carved or printed on the bodies of the warriors.

5: Specialists say that they have discovered 87 names on the arms of the soldiers. Some people researched about the 87 names and they found out that the names were from master craftsman and their assistants. People estimate that about a thousand artisans participated in the making of the terracotta warriors. The Qin Empire recruited artisans from all parts of the country. Some artisans worked for the government, but others were normal people. The skills of these artisans are reflected in the appearance of the warriors.

6: The terracotta army is soldiers made out of clay and they are also life sized sculptures. The main army or group of soldiers had once carried spears, battle axes, and halberds before someone stole them. The low ranking infantry men had no armor and also all the horses are life sized. Each expression on each soldier face is different. There were six-horse drawn chariots- wooden also two of the chariots carry drums and bells which were used to give orders in battle. Horses were very colorful in the past, they were black and brown, their mouths, nostrils, and ears were red. Their teeth were painted white, the sandals were made out of leather and metal and they were painted red, blue, white and brown. What's more exciting is that there were all kinds of bronze weapons and gold weapons, there were also stone and bronze decorations in the pit. Most of the weapons were used in combat. The soldiers are much armored, and there are foot soldiers, crossbow people, cavalry soldiers and chariots people. After Qin died emperor Hu Hai demanded to bury the people who made the army in the terracotta pits.

8: That was it for getting more knowledge about the terracotta army and I really hope you enjoyed it and I also hope you learned something and if you already knew everything why not reading it again. Also if you want to know more about this topic you can search new stuff in Internet or in other sources.

9: Quiz 1.How many pits were there in the tomb? 2. In how many parts were the soldiers sticked together? 3. How many horse drawn chariots were there? 4. Of what material were the soldiers sandals made out of? 5. How many names were discovered on the arms of the soldiers?

10: Bibliography works cited 1. travelchinaguide. "Museum of Quin terracotta warriors and horses." Travelchinaguide.com. http;//www.travelchinaguide.com.n.d.web.6Apr.2010 2. Lazo,Caroline Evenson. The Terra Cotta Army. New York,New York:Caroline Lazo, 1993. print. 3. Oconnor, Jane. The Emperors Silent Army. New York, New York: Viking, 2002. Print. 4. "Chin (Qin) Han Dynasties." Asian History on File. 1995. Print. 5. Pruech, Margaret. "Wats What in the Tomb." Dig Apr. 2009: 16-18. Print.

11: Photo Bibliography 1.Terra Cotta Head: http://www.gallaherstravels.com/states/DC/warriors/ 2. Chariot and Horses: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/file:TERRACOTTA_ARMY_@_Gdynia_2006_-_01_ubt.jpeg 3. Lots of soldiers http://www.globalmountainsummit.org/terra-cotta-warriors.html 4. Kneeled soldier http://www.warriortours.com/china-photos/xian/xian.terra.cotta.warriors.5000845w.jpg

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