1: The First Fleet On May 13th 1787 the First Fleet left with their eleven ships and 749 convicts in pursuit of New South Wales. They also carried 550 other people like, doctors, lawyers, surgeons, servants, women, men, girls and boys. Captain Arthur Phillip was in charge of all eleven ships which were the Alexander, the Scarborough, the Charlotte, the Lady Penrhyn, the Prince of Wales, the Friendship, the Sirius, the Supply, the Fishburn, the Golden Grove and the Borrowdale. After 3 long weeks of sailing they arrived at their first port, the port of Tenerife. They stayed for a week and collected fresh food. After being at Tenerife for a week they sailed onto their second port, Rio de Janeiro. They stayed at that port for a month. In that month they collected seeds to plant in Australia. They collected fresh fruit and vegetables, they let the prisoners out onto the deck and dried out their things. They then set out to their third port, Cape Town. They arrived in mid October and left in mid November. They spent a lot of their time collecting animals, seeds and plants to be used in their new colony of New South Wales. They set sail to the next port. After ten weeks of rough seas they arrived at Botany Bay. They discovered that the Bay was too shallow, the soil was sandy and there were very few trees. So they sailed on for six more days to Port Jackson. Port Jackson had great soil, so they hoisted the British flag into the golden soil. This created the colony’s name, Sydney Cove and that was the start of the Australian nation.