1: The first fleet In England at the Portsmouth port the fleet was leaving to settle NSW captain Arthur Phillip was in charge of the fleet. In the fleet there were 749 convict and 550 other people who were guards, doctors, surgeons, wives and kids. They took 700 spades, 700 shovels, 2100 hoes, 700 axes, with 700 spare handles, 74700 nails, 10 sets of coppers, 40 mills, 40 wheelbarrows, 12 ploughs and much more for the colony. They sailed on ships called the Alexander, the Scarborough, the charlotte, the lady Penrhyn, the Prince of Wales and the friend ship. There were also store ships, including, the Fishburn, the Golden Grove and the Borrowdale. After three weeks of sailing they finally reached an island. They got new supplies. The place was called Tenerife and they reached it on June 3rd. After sailing for eight weeks they arrived at Rio de Janeiro. They stayed at Rio de Janeiro for along time. They bought lots of seeds, flowers and more fresh supplies. They arrived at Cape Town and they got lots and lots of animals for the colony. After a month they left from Cape Town in search of Botany Bay. Ten weeks later they arrived at Botany Bay on 20th January 1788. They realised there were no trees, the sol was too sandy and the water was too shallow, so they sailed up the coast and found a place called Port Jackson. They called it Sydney Cove and Lieutenant William Collins put the flag into the ground to signal the first colony of Australia.