1: The first fleet On May the 13th in 1787 Captain Arthur Phillip sailed on the first fleet to Australia. In the fleet there was six ships altogether. There were seven convict ships called the Alexander, the Scarborough, the Charlotte, the Lady Penrhyn, the Prince of the Wales and the Friendship. There were also three store ships, the Fishburn, the Golden Grove and the Borrowdale. After three weeks of being at sea they found a port called Tenerife. On June the 3rd they spent a week there and got many supplies. | On the 5th of August they sailed into Rio de Janeiro and stayed there for a month. They bought seeds to plant and bought fresh food to survive. By October the first fleet got to Cape Town. While they were at Cape Town they got lots of animals, more seeds and more fresh food. They arrived at Botany Bay on the 20th of January 1788. The bay was almost empty, the soil was too sandy, there were not many trees or fresh water so they sailed up the coast line and found a place called Port Jackson. They called it Sydney Cove. Lieutenant Williams went to shore and put up the British flag in the ground to settle the first colony in Australia.