FC: The Journal of Lewis and Clark
2: Welcome to my Mixbook technology curriculum project! The following pages are examples of work that students might create and publish following the directions of my Lewis and Clark lesson plan found at the end of this Mixbook. Technology is a powerful motivator for students. They can create projects that are aesthetically pleasing and that can be published to share with other students, family, and friends. In addition to being viewed on the Web, a Mixbook creation can be printed out as a hard copy book that can be housed in the classroom, presented to the school library, or purchased by parents and guardians as a keepsake of their student's work. -Taylor Arehart
3: Enjoy our Mixbook!! Love Miss Arehart's Fourth Grade Class
4: Robert Livingston | April 30th, 1803 Today I signed the Louisiana Purchase Treaty adding millions of acres of land to our country of America.
5: Thomas Jefferson | July 4th, 1803 Today I announced the doubling in size of America with the Louisiana Purchase. I bought this land from France three months ago for 15 Million dollars.
6: Meriwether Lewis August 1803 Today I Left St. Louis via the Ohio river on my quest to uncover the mysteries of the Louisiana Purchase. Thomas Jefferson chose me to lead this expedition. We have gathered our supplies and are ready to embark on this amazing journey.
7: William Clark August 1803 A month ago Meriwether Lewis asked me to join a group of men to explore the new land of the Louisiana Purchase. Thought I am retired, I agreed to join the men on this adventure. He tells me I will be in charge of making the maps of the new land and managing the supplies. Also I will lead the hunts for food. I could not be more excited for this adventure.
8: The Corps of Discovery. May 14th, 1804 Today the Corps of Discovery joined me in St. Charles Missouri to begin our expedition. The Corps is made up of over 45 men. Most of these men are young soldiers but other specialists are also along for the adventure. I know all of these men will be important to our success. -Meriwether Lewis
9: Charles Floyd August 20th, 1804 Only a few days after our first peaceful Indian encounter with the Oto tribe, we had our first death of the expedition. Charles Floyd died today of appendicitis. He has passed with a great deal of composure. We held a funeral for him on a bluff over looking the Missouri River. -William Clark
10: September 9th, 1804 We reached the camp of the Teton Sioux with hidden hostility. We bore our gifts but their chief demanded our boat as well. I pulled my sword ready for a battle. Thankfully both tribes of men pulled back and spared each other. So much for a peaceful relationship with the Sioux. -William Clark
11: November 16th, 1804 It gets colder every day. The wind on our faces feels like burning fire. We finally reached the tribe of the Mandan and began to build our winter fort. Our food supply is dwindling. I hope these harsh conditions do not break the mens' spirits. -Meriweather Lewis
12: February 13th, 1805 Today I was hired to be an interpreter for the Corps of Discovery. I speak French and Hidatsa but my wife, Sacajawea, is a Shoshone Indian who speaks many tribal languages. She can also help supply horses for the men later on. My son Jean Baptiste will also travel with us. I don't think the men like me too much, Maybe it is because I am afraid of water. -Toussaint Charbonneau
13: April 29th, 1805 Today I had my first encounter with a Grizzly bear. We wounded one bear but his companion began to chase us. We ran eighty yards before we had time to reload and kill the beast. I will never underestimate the power of nature again. -Meriweather Lewis
14: June 3rd, 1805 Today we came to a fork in the river. Both rivers were of equal size and Lewis and I believed the Southern branch was the correct route. However, our men believed the Northern Branch was the correct one and would lead us to the Rocky Mountains. Lewis and Three other men went to look for the Great Falls on the Southern branch to make sure it was the right one. -William Clark
15: August 11th, 1805 Today I spotted an Indian on horseback. At Last it was a Shoshone. The Chief of the tribe happened to be the brother of Sacajawea, what luck! We not only traded for horses but got valuable information about trails through the mountains. We are now ready to head through the mountains. -Meriweather Lewis
16: October 7th, 1805 Today we reached the Clearwater River after 11 rough days passing through the Bitterroot Mountains. We had to eat three of the colts the Flathead Indians supplied us just to survive. The Nez Pierce tribe has supplied us with dried fruits and fish to replenish our energy. I am ready to take on the last leg of this expedition. -William Clark
17: October 16th, 1805 | We are now traveling on the Columbia River towards the shore. The Indians here are friendly and prosperous. One tribe had nearly 10,000 dried salmon. Next we face the river's roughest spot in the Cascades. But this is our last test. -Meriweather Lewis
18: November 7th, 1805 Ocian in view! O! The joy. -William Clark
19: November 17th, 1805 Today we really reached the banks of the Pacific | Clark was sadly mistaken in his last journal entry. He was just seeing part of the Columbia River. But today we are scanning the waves of the pacific ocean in victory. -Meriweather Lewis
20: December 8th, 1805 The men worked together to build camp along the Pacific for the winter. We named it Fort Clatsop after the local Indians here. | The men are enjoying their time here. We are making moccasins and bucksin as we write in our journals. We also celebrate Christmas and the new Year. -Clark
21: March 22nd, 1806 After lots of packing and reloading boats, the men are ready to begin the return journey home. We bought a fourth boat from a nearby tribe and stole a fifth from a village north of us. -Meriweather Lewis
22: August 11th, 1806 Today while hunting elk along the Missouri River one of Clark's men shot me in the behind on accident. The wound is very painful but not fatal. -Meriweather Lewis
23: September 23rd, 1806 Around mid day we arrived in St. Louis. | Thousands of people were there to welcome us with gunfire salute. We are now American Heroes.
24: MixBook Lesson Plan (Copy and Paste from the lesson plan below into the back section of your MixBook) SECTION ONE Author: Taylor Arehart Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org Semester Created: Fall 2009 LESSON OVERVIEW Title: The Journal of Lewis and Clark Brief Description: The students will each be given a person, date, or event from the Lewis and Clark expedition to research information about. With this information they will make a replica journal page of what they think Lewis and Clark would have written pertaining to their subject. Once they finish I will compile all the journal pages into one journal. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS/GENERALIZATIONS: The student understands that because of the Louisiana Purchase the United States acquired a huge amount of land almost the entire size of the United States. They will understand that Thomas Jefferson asked Lewis and Clark to travel across the expanse of this new land in order to map out the terrain, discover new plants and animals, and see what Natives lived there. The students will know that this journey was not only long but dangerous. ENGAGING QUESTION/SCENARIO: To begin the lesson, I will ask students to brainstorm what they think they would take on a journey across the United States. Many of them will say games, or a car, or maybe food. I will then tell them they have to do it by canoe, with little food, and no games. We will discuss together then what they think they would need. SUBJECT AREA(S) (Put an X by all relevant subject areas.) ___ Math ___ Science ___ Reading X Writing X Social Studies/History ___ Foreign Language ___ Art ___ Music ___ PE X Information and Technology Literacy GRADE LEVEL (Put an X by all relevant grade levels.) ___ Kindergarten ___ Grade 1 ___ Grade 2 ___ Grade 3 X Grade 4 ___ Grade 5 ___ Grade 6 ___ K-12 Elementary ___ K-12 Middle ___ K-12 Secondary ___ Secondary DETAILED LESSON DESCRIPTION GLE #1: The SWBAT sequence and describe the importance of the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark expedition (GLE Social Studies, Missouri, United States and World History, Strand 3a Knowledge of continuity and change in the history of Missouri and the United States, Concept H-Grade 4) (Performance Standards 1.2, 1.4, 1.7, 2.5, 2.7) GLE #2: The SWBAT compose text using an appropriate format (GLE Communication arts, Writing, Strand 3 Writing effectively in various forms and types of writing, Concept A-Grade 4) (1.8, 2.1) STUDENT ASSESSMENT Formative Assessments: The teacher will continually patrol the student’s research to make sure they are attaining reliable sources and information. The students will turn in a list of resources in order to make this easier. Summative Assessments: Once the pages are complete they will be turned in and the teacher will make one journal. This journal will be shared with the class and talked about. Therefore, there will be questions on a unit test from the Lewis and Clark expedition and the information we all found in our mixbook. PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT CRITERIA http://rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php?screen=ShowRubric&module=Rubistar&rubric_id=1831928& COLLABORATION There will be a few teachers’ assistants on hand to assist any students that are struggling or that have special needs. Also, if there is a technology or computer teacher, she/he will be there to help the students with any struggles they may have with the technology. A library aid will be utilized the help the students if they decide to do some research in the library as well. LESSON IMPLEMENTATION Length of Unit (hours, days): One hour a day for five days allotted for the students to make their mixbook page. We will then take one hour on the sixth and seventh days to present the mixbook as a class and learn the information. Prerequisite Skills: Students must be able to find reliable sources on the internet and in the library. They must know how to type using a keyboard and download pictures from the internet. ACCOMMODATION OPTION ELL/IEP Students: For students who are English language learners, their regular ESL teachers will be on staff to help them compose their text and do research. If there are more than one ELL students in the class they may be permitted to work together. The same will apply to IEP students. Assistive Technology Needs: The computer or technology teacher on staff will be available to help students who struggle with the technology MANAGEMENT/ORGANIZATION TIPS I would urge the teachers to make an example mixbook page for the entire class on the first day so that they know the different tools they can use as they create their own page. I would also suggest that teachers have help during the research and production days. The students are going to need help all at once. I suggest as well that the teacher explain what a good source is versus a bad source of information. MATERIALS AND RESOURCES REQUIRED FOR UNIT The students will need to have computers, library resources, and teacher assistance for the project. TECHNOLOGY Web-based resources (name and link) http://www.mixbook.com/ http://lewis-clark.org/ http://www.nationalgeographic.com/west/ http://www.usmint.gov/KIDS/games/lewisClarkAdventure/ Day 1: On day one the teacher will introduce the Lewis and Clark expedition using the anticipatory set. She/he will teach the students briefly about Lewis and Clark, what they did for our country, and why. The teacher will then introduce the project to the students and show them an example mixbook page using the journal format the students will be using in their own work. Next the teacher will explain that the students will be doing their own research and show them what kinds of sources are available as well as examples of good and bad sources. Lastly for the day the students will draw from a box the topic they will be researching and creating their mixbook on. Day 2: The Students will be first explained the rules of the computer lab and library. Consequences will be explained for bad behavior. Students will split into two groups. One group will be sent to the library to do research there for the day and the other will be sent to the computer lab for internet research. Each group will have a number of adults to supervise the research. They will receive an hour to explore the internet, or library resources for valuable information related to their topic. Computer lab teachers and librarians will be available for specialized questions that the teacher cannot answer. Students will need to print off any important information they find or make copies (assistance if needed) from any important books in the library. Day 3: Today the two groups of students will switch places and continue their research. The group that was in the library will be doing internet research and the group that was searching the internet will be researching in the library. The same leaders will be there to assist the students in both areas. They will receive one hour again for research and will print and copy the important information they discover. Day 4: Now that the students have gathered all of their information to complete their mixbook page it is time to all head to the computer lab together. To begin the teacher will begin by making the cover page for Lewis and Clark’s journal as an example for the students. The teacher will show them how to add text, pictures, backgrounds, and stickers. Next, the teacher will take questions from the classroom and once those have been answered send them on their way. There will be plenty of help from adults in the room to assist students who have trouble getting started. The teacher will walk around the computer lab making sure all students are on task and don’t have any questions. Day 5: Today will be another work day on the students’ mixbooks. They will receive another hour of work time in the computer lab to complete their journal page. Again, the teacher will walk around and keep students on task and make sure they are not struggling with their page. If students begin to finish their page the teacher will have them either start an interactive Lewis and Clark activity on the computer or complete some fun Lewis and Clark worksheets. Day 6: This day will be the final day in the computer lab for the students. They will only get 30 minutes today to finish up their mixbook page. The teacher will instruct the students where to save their mixbook page and help them to add their finished product to the final book. To keep students on task the interactive Lewis and Clark website and the worksheets will be used again for these 30 minutes. If there are any children that will not be finishing in the 30 minutes of time they will remain back in the lab so a teacher assistant can help them finish their page alone. The class will travel back to the classroom for a discussion. We will discuss how whether or not they enjoyed creating a mixbook page of their own? Was it hard or easy for them? Would they like to do a project like this again? Was researching difficult? What cool stuff did they learn about Lewis and Clark? Day 7: All the students will have hopefully completed their pages by today. If one or two students are still working they will receive teacher assistance earlier in the day to finish their work so we can present the entire mixbook as a class today. Once all pages are accounted for the class will present the mixbook to each other. Each student will have the opportunity to read their own journal page out loud to the class if they wish. Students’ pages who do not want to read aloud will be read by the teacher. The student will have the chance to explain their pictures to the class as well as their journal entry very briefly. This will take as much time is needed to present the entire mixbook.