S: THe Arts And History of Pablo Picasso
FC: The Arts and History of Pablo Picasso
1: Pablo Picasso was a Spanish expatriate painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, and one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. | Le Picador by Pablo Picasso (1890) when Picasso was only the age of 9 he completed his first painting: Le picador, a man riding a horse in a bullfight. | Pablo Ruiz Picasso was born on October 25, 1881.Pablo spent the first ten years of his life at a local school of Fine Arts and Crafts.
2: Picasso was baptized Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso. He was named after various saints and relatives. The "Picasso" is actually from his mother, Maria Picasso y Lopez. His father is named Jose Ruiz Blasco.
3: La premire communion (First Communion) by Pablo Picasso (1896) His first major painting, an "academic" work is First Communion, featuring a portrait of his father, mother, and younger sister kneeling before an altar. Picasso was 15 when he finished it.
4: Picasso had two wives (Olga and Jacqueline) and four children by three women, But had 8 major Relationships. | 1904-1912 Artist model Fernande Olivier (1881-1966) was Picasso's first long term relation and subject of many of Picasso's Rose Period paintings (1905-07). Picasso met her after settling in Paris in 1904. Although Fernande was married, she stayed with Picasso for 7 years. 1912-1915 Fernande left Picasso in 1912, months after Picasso took an interest in Marcelle Humbert, known as Eva Gouel (1885-1915). Picasso was devastated by her early death due to tuberculosis or cancer in 1915. 1917-1927 Ballerina Olga Khokhlova (1891-1955) met Picasso while the artist was designing the ballet "Parade" in Rome, to be performed by the Ballet Russe. They married in the Russian Orthodox church in Paris in 1918 and lived a life of conflict. 1927-1936In 1927 Picasso met Marie-Thérse Walter (1909-1977), a 17 year old who Picasso then lived with in a flat across the street from his marital home (while still married to Olga). Marie-Thérse and Picasso had a daughter, Maya (Maria de la Concepcion) on October 5, 1935. (Picasso and Olga later separated although they remained married so Olga would not receive half of Picasso's wealth -- until she died in 1955. )
5: 1936-1944 In 1936 54-year old Picasso met Yugoslavian Dora Maar (1907 -1997)Maar went back to painting and exhibited in Paris soon after Picasso left her for Franoise. 1943-1953 In 1943 Picasso (age 62) then kept company with young art student Franoise Gilot (born in 1921).She became frustrated with Picasso's relationships with other woman and his abusive nature left him in 1953. 1951-1953 in 1944 17-year old Genevieve Laporte (born in 1927) interviewed Picasso for a school newspaper. Years later in May,1951 Picasso began an affair with the then-24 year old. The relationship started when Laporte visited the 70-year old Picasso at his studio while he was still living with Franoise Gilot. That summer of 1951 Picasso took Laporte to St Tropez, leaving Franoise behind. After declining Picasso's invitation to move in with him in St. Tropez, she left him in 1953 at the same time that Franoise left the artist. 1953-1973Dejected and alone, in 1953 Picasso met Jacqueline Roque (1926 -1986) at the Madoura Pottery where Picasso created his ceramics. In 1961 (when Picasso was 79) she became his second wife. Picasso created more works of art based on Jacqueline than any of his other loves, in one year painting over 70 portraits of her. When Picasso died onril 8, 1973, Jacqueline, who had been with Picasso for 20 years, prevented Picasso's children Claude and Paloma from attending his funeral. Jacqueline died from shooting herself in 1986.
6: Picasso had four children, The first Paul with his first wife Olga Khokhlova, Maya with Marie-Thérse Walter, then Claude and Paloma with Franoise Gilot. | Portrait of Paul Picasso as a Child. 1923. Oil on canvas. Collection of Paul Picasso, Paris, France. | Maya with a Doll. 1938. Oil on canvas. Musée Picasso, Paris, France. | Paloma and Claude, Children of Picasso. 1950. Oil on canvas.
7: Maya (Maria de la Concepcion) was born on October 5, 1935. | Claude (1947) and Paloma (1949) who was named for the dove of peace that Picasso painted in support of the peace movement post World War II. | When Picasso died on April 8, 1973, Jacqueline, who had been with Picasso for 20 years, prevented Picasso's children Claude and Paloma from attending his funeral. | Paulo (Paul) was born in 1921 (and died in 1975), influencing Picasso's imagery to turn to mother and child themes.
8: Picasso's Blue Period Pablo Picasso's Blue Period refers to a series of paintings in which the color blue dominates and which he painted between 1901 and 1904. The blue period is a marvelous expression of poetic subtlety and personal melancholy and contributes to the transition of Picasso's style from classicism to abstract art. | The Old Guitarist. 1903. Oil on panel. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA | La Vie (Life). 1903. Oil on canvas. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, USA.
9: Picasso's Rose Period While Pablo Picasso's Blue Period is far more popular with the general public today, his Rose Period is of greater art-historical importance. During his Rose Period, Pablo Picasso would, for the first time in his career, develop stylistic means that would become part of his Picasso Style, which made him the most important artist of the 20th century. | Acrobat and Young Harlequin. 1905. Oil on canvas. | Woman with a Crow. 1904. Charcoal, pastel and water-color on paper.
10: Picasso's African Influenced Period | Picasso's African Influenced period lasted from 1907 to 1909,was the period when Pablo Picasso painted in a style which was strongly influenced by African sculpture. | Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. 1907. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA
11: Although Les Demoiselles is seen as the first Cubist work, Picasso continued to develop a style derived from African art before beginning the Analytic Cubism phase of his painting in 1910. | Boy Leading a Horse. 1906. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA. | Nude (Half-Length). 1907. Oil on canvas. The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia.
12: Around 1910, Picasso started to paint in a truly revolutionary manner. Inspired by Cézanne's flattened depiction of space, and working alongside his friend Georges Braque, he began to express space in strongly geometrical terms. These initial efforts at developing this almost sculptural sense of space in painting are the beginnings of Cubism. | Factory in Horta de Ebbo. 1909. Oil on canvas. The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia.
13: Wounded Bird and Cat. 1938. Oil on canvas.
14: Guernica. 1937. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain. | Guernica: Testimony of War | For three months Picasso searched for inspiration for this mural to make the most powerful antiwar statement.
15: In 1940, when Paris was occupied by the Nazis, he handed out prints of his painting to German officers. When they asked asked him “Did you do this?” (referring to the pictures), he replied, “No, you did”. Whether they were simply unable to perceive the symbolism of the picture, or whether it was Picasso's fame that stopped them from taking any action, Picasso was not arrested and went on working. | Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts upon individuals, particularly innocent civilians. It was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, Basque Country, by German and Italian warplanes at the behest of the Spanish Nationalist forces, on 26 April 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. The Spanish Republican government commissioned Picasso to create a large mural for the Spanish display at the Paris International Exposition at the 1937 World's Fair in Paris.
16: I picked Pablo Picasso not only for his fame but because he was twentieth century's most well-known and least understood artist, many of his paintings not only makes a statement but tells you a story. Picasso is one artist who has succeed in expressing his feeling through art. | Why I picked this artist.....
17: http://www.sapergalleries.com/PicassoWomen.html http://www.biography.com/articles/Pablo-Picasso-9440021 http://www.neatorama.com/2008/10/25/10-fun-facts-about-pablo-picasso/ http://www.abcgallery.com/P/picasso/picasso-5.html http://pablopicasso.paintings.name/blue-period/ http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/cubism/Pablo-Picasso.html http://www.pbs.org/treasuresoftheworld/guernica/gmain.html | W o r k P a C g i e t e d