S: T i m e l i n e: R o m a n t i c i s m
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FC: By Izzy | TIMELINE: Romanticism in America
1: Beginning of Romanticism Romanticism is an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement developed as a response to the Age of Reason. Romantics focused on nature, instinct, and reflection to reveal an underlying truth or beauty in the world. | 1800
2: The Louisiana Purchase In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson made the Louisiana Purchase, buying a huge space of land from the French for the price of 15 million. Although this went against Jefferson’s own strict interpretation of the U.S. Constitution, it was a deal that he couldn’t pass up, as it doubled the size of the United States. | Territory | 1803
3: Sent by President Jefferson, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, assisted by Sacajawea and Toussaint Charbonneau, explore the newly bought land contained in the Louisiana Purchase. Their expedition helps to layout much of the groundwork for future westward expansion. | Lewis and Clark | 1804
4: 1820 | Missouri Compromise An agreement passed between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions of the U.S. Congress to help evenly divide the new territories into Free states and Slave states. It drew a horizontal line across the country, and prohibited slavery anywhere above the proposed state Missouri.
5: The Last of the Mohicans Written by James Fenimore Cooper, it is the second book in the Leatherstocking Series featuring American hero, Natty Bumppo. It was one of the most widely read novels in the 19th Century, and is considered to be his masterpiece. | 1826
6: The Lyceum Movement Starting in Millbury, MA, the Lyceum Movement was a social reform dedicated to educating adults, training teachers, establishing museums, social reforms, et cetera. | 1826
7: William Lloyd Garrison was an American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. He is mainly known as the editor for a radical newspaper, The Liberator, and a found of the American Anti-Slavery Society. He joined the reform movement in 1830. | 1830
8: Texas Secedes from Mexico The Texan Revolution or Texas War of Independence took place between Texas and Mexico in a battle for succession. Although the battle was brief, lasting a little over a year, it contained the famous "Battle of the Alamo". Texas won its independence and joined the U.S. | 1835
9: Nature Ralph Waldo Emerson anonymously publishes his first essay entitled "Nature". | 1836
10: Dorothea Dix was an avid reformer who led the prison reform of 1940. She was very compassionate and helped change how the mentally ill were treated. | 1840
11: In January 1845, Edgar Allan Poe, a famous American author considered to be an “anti-transcendentalist” or “dark romantic” publishes his famous literary piece, “The Raven”. | 1845 | "Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.'"
12: 1848 | Gold! Gold is discovered at Sutter’s mill in California. This leads to a mad dash from around the country as everyone scrambles to strike it rich. This resulted in San Francisco growing to a “boomtown”, as well as roads, schools, churches, and towns being built all throughout California.
13: Civil Disobedience Thoreau was an American author, poet, and naturalist, and is recognized as the leading transcendentalist. His most famous essay, "Civil Disobedience (Resistance to Civil Government)" argues that people should not obey the government if it goes against their own consciences. | 1849
14: 1850 | The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthorne publishes what is considered to be his best work, The Scarlet Letter. In the novel, Hawthorne explores themes of legalism, sin, and guilt.
15: Uncle Tom's Cabin An anti-slavery novel published by American author, Harriet Beecher Stowe. It had a powerful effect on America’s views towards African Americans and slavery, so much so that the novel is actually considered to have strengthened the sectional conflict leading to the Civil War. | 1852