S: Virginia History
FC: Virginia History Created by Anna
1: In 1607 Captain John Smith and Captain Christopher Newport landed in Jamestown with only white men on their three ships the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery. | Jamestown 1607
2: Reasons for coming to Jamestown | One reason for coming to Jamestown is they needed to find fresh drinking water. Another reason for choosing Jamestown is because it's a peninsula so it's a very easy way to defend themselves from the Spanish.
3: The final reason is they needed deep enough water to dock their ships.
4: Two of the hardships they faced were disease and the lack of food they had. | Hardships
5: The two other hardships were the Native Americans, and there was no fresh drinking water.
6: Pocahontas was the daughter of Chief Powhatan. She traded with settlers. John Rolfe discovered how to grow tobacco. John Rolfe and Pocahontas got married. | Important People | John Rolfe | Pocahontas | John Rolfe and Pocahontas
7: Captain John Smith started trade with Powhatan Indians. They got corn, wheat, and they learned there was tobacco. Which lead them to learning how to grow tobacco | Captain John Smith | Captain John Smith
8: Each settlement was told to elect two representatives or burgesses to represent them in The House of Burgesses. | The Virginia Government | All ladies arrived in 1620. They started families, sewed, and cooked | The burgesses all met together at The House of Burgesses.
9: Soon The House of Burgesses was renamed to be The Virginia General Assembly. | All government at Jamestown started in 1619
10: The American Revolution
11: The French and Indian War lasted for 7 years.England was in debt for 130,000,000. England won the war, but they needed all this money to pay. | The Colonist in America had to pay for the French and Indian War.
12: Taxes | The colonists in America were taxed on all paper goods and all sugar goods. The king of England granted the Stamp Act. So they had to pay for the stamps, letters,newspapers, pamphlets and when you want to mail a letter.
13: King James then granted the Sugar Act so the colonists had to pay for coffee, indigo, and certain types of wine. Then the king of England granted the Townshend Act. The people of America had to pay for glass, lead, paper,and tea
14: The Boston Massacre of 1770 British troops marched into Boston on March 5 1770. The Americans were yelling, throwing ice and threatening them with clubs and large sticks. Then both sides heard a loud BOOM! The British thought the Americans were trying to kill them, so they started shooting. Yet only 5 Americans were killed during the Boston Massacre. | The Boston Tea Party of 1773 The Americans were furious about the tax on tea so the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Indians and boarded an English ship and dumped all the tea in the Boston Harbor. The Sons of Liberty emptied 342 whole crates of tea.
15: George Washington | Thomas Jefferson | Patrick Henry | These gentlemen below were considered The Sons of Liberty with many others. | The Sons of Liberty were patriots that would fight for independence. They also were furious with the King of England King George the third. | Ben Franklin
16: Lord Charles Cornwallis was the Commander for the British army. Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown. Cornwallis served King George the third. He was a British man. | The British Red Coats were Loyalists who fought for their King. They believed that King George the third had the right to tax the colonist for money that the king needed. | Loyalists VS. Patriots
17: Patriots were people who remained loyal to the American colonies. Some colonist were called Sons of Liberty these people wanted their independence a lot. The colonist were mostly patriots. | The minutemen were ready to fight at any time. They would grab any weapon they had, and they would fight when they heard the British were coming. | Loyalists VS. Patriots
18: These are some important people from the American Revolution. These people are (starting from the top) George Washington, Ben Franklin, Patrick Henry, James A. Lafayette, Paul Revere, Jack Jouett, and Thomas Jefferson.
19: George Washington was the Commander-in-Chief for the Continental Army. He led the Continental Army to victory during the American Revolution. He was a Son of Liberty. Ben Franklin convinced France to fight with Patriots. The French helped out a bunch. The French had the best navy. Patrick Henry spoke out against taxation without representation. He said "Give me Liberty or Give me death!" | James A. Lafayette was a fantastic spy for the Continental army. He was an African American spy who earned his freedom. Cornwallis (the commander of the British army) tried to send him out to be a spy. He was also an excellent soldier. Paul Revere warned the minutemen the British were coming to attack them. He rode at midnight He was yelling, "The British are coming. The British are coming!" The minutemen grabbed any weapon they had and they fought. | Jack Jouett is called The Paul Revere of the South. He warned Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry and other members of the Virginia Assembly that the British were coming to capture them. He rode 40 miles horseback to Monticello. The Virginia Assembly escaped just in time. Only 7 members were captured. Thomas Jefferson was a Son of Liberty. He wrote the Declaration of Independence. This primary document changed lives. He was brave enough to write it and stand out. Thomas Jefferson's home was Monticello.
20: Africans and American Indians were divided in war. African slaves were promised freedom, and American Indians were promised land. If the team that won was your team you would get what you were promised. If the team you were on didn't win you would not get what you were promised.
21: Women provided support in the war. They patched up clothes that were ruined. They also made clothes for the soldiers. | The Women kept the farms running. They cooked for the men that were in the war. The women did any task or chore that needed to be done. | The ladies also were like doctors. They cared for the sick. They also made the men feel better so they could go back in the war.
22: These are pictures of some important battles. The Battle of Lexington and Concord, The Battle of Saratoga,and the Battle of Great Bridge.
23: The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the American Revolution. It proved to the British that the Patriots were ready to fight for their freedom. Only the minutemen fought against the Red Coats. The minutemen won this battle. | The Battle of Saratoga was considered as the turning point of the war. Ben Franklin convinced France to join the Continental Army. The French had the best Navy. They helped the Continental win. The Battle of Great Bridge was the first battle fought in Virginia. It was fought 7 miles south of Norfolk, Virginia. This made the Red Coats flee the city of Norfolk.
24: The French navy blocked Cornwallis and his Red Coats in, and the soldiers surrounded their fort. Cornwallis then had to surrender. The American colonies won their independence from England.
25: The treaty of Paris was signed and ended the American Revolution. Spain, France, America, and England had to sign this document. It said there would be peace between the countries. It was signed in 1783.
26: James Madison Madison took detailed notes. At the Constitutional Convention people disagreed on what the rules and laws should be. Madison found a way to compromise with everyone. He is known as "The Father of our Constitution" | George Washington Washington served as the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. He also was the leader of the Constitutional Convention. Washington was also elected as the first president of the United States. He is known as the "Father of our Country." | Virginians make Important Contributions to the Constitution
27: Thomas Jefferson Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. He believed in religious freedom. He wrote The Virginia Statue of Religious Freedom. | George Mason George Mason wrote The Virginia Declaration of Rights. This document influenced The Bill of Rights.
29: Legislative Branch The Legislative Branch is the writing part. Virginia General Assembly writes bills and then the State Senate and the House of Delegates vote on if the bill should become a law. | Executive Branch The Execuive is when the bill that the Senate and the House of Delegates voted on gets handed to the Governor. The Governor then decides if the bill should become a law. If he says yes it is a new law. If he says no than the bill gets throw away | Judicial Branch The Judicial Branch is when someone beaks the law. Judges and lawyers decide if a law has been broken.
30: After the Revolutionary War people started moving west. Tobacco sucked up all the minerals out of the ground. Virginians moved west to find big areas of land and new opportunities. They took their traditions, culture and ideas with them.
31: Abolitionist An abolitionist is a person who hates slavery. They often hide slaves in their houses. A house that is a stop on the underground railroad is called a "station." | Harriet Tubman Tubman took 19 trips on the underground railroad leading over 300 slaves to their freedom. When she was older and she retired she said what many conductors couldn't say,"I was a conductor on the underground. I always drove my train on the right tracks, and I never lost a passenger."
32: Nat Turner Turner was an educated slave who led an attack on plantation owners. He and many other slaves killed 60 men, women, and children. He hid in the woods for 6 weeks before he was found. After Turner did this a law was passed that you could not educate your slaves. | John Brown Brown was an abolitionist. He led a raid on United States Armory at Harper's Ferry. He waned to steal many weapons. He wanted to give slaves the weapons so they could kill their owners. He did not succeed. When he was caught he was hung.
33: Divided Nation The north side of the U.S. industrialized or had factories. The south part farmed because of the weather they got. Therefore, the south wanted new states in the western territories to be slave states. The north did not need slaves because they had factories. The north wanted new states in the western areas to be free states.
34: Eastern counties of Virginia relied on slavery. The western counties used factories. This conflict became to be more than a problem. | As a result West Virginia was created. The new state was formed in 1863. | The Creation of West Virginia
35: President Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th president of the United States in 1863. He firmly opposed the spread of slavery. | 7 southern states seceded after he became president. Those states formed The Confederate States of America.
36: Ulysses S. Grant Grant was the main general for the Union army. He never gave up. He was a great leader. He was the 18th president. | Abraham Lincoln Lincoln was the president of the Union during the Civil War. He issued the Emancipation Proclamation. | Important Union leaders
37: J.E.B. Stuart Stuart had a big calvary. He was a very brave and courageous man. He was a great leader. | Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson Jackson was a brave, strong man. He earned his nickname "Stonewall" from the Battle of Bull Run because he stood like a stonewall. He was shot by one of his own men | Jefferson Davis Davis was the first and last president of the Confederacy. He was a man who wanted slavery very much. He lived in Richmond, Virginia. | Robert E. Lee Lee was a great Confederate general. He was very smart and from Virginia. He surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse. | These men were all important Confederate leaders.
38: The Battle of Bull Run or Manassas This was the first battle of the Civil War. Stonewall Jackson played an important role in the battle of Bull Run. | The Battle of Fredericksburg This battle of was a great Confederate win. It was fought in December of 1862. | Fort Sumter Fort Sumter began the war. The south beat th north. This battle recognized the south and their strength. | The Sea battle of the USS Monitor and the CSS Merrimack This battle was fought in March of 1862. These 2 ironclads fought for 4 long hours. This battle was fought to a draw. It recognized naval warfare. | The Siege of Petersburg This battle went on for 10 long months. The Union finally destroyed the southern forces. General Grant ruined the railroads. He was on his way to Richmond.
39: General Robert E. Lee surrendered on April 9th 1865 at Appomattox Courthouse. The Confederacy did not have any more food or water. They would suffer if he didn't surrender. General Grant took Richmond. Richmond was the Confederate's capitol. | Jefferson Davis is captured after the war ends.
40: When the Civil War ended, Virginians faced many problems. The Confederacy's money had no value, so they were very poor. All the banks were closed. | Virginia itself was in need of rebuilding. Their transportation devices were completely destroyed. They needed to be rebuilt as soon as possible. All that and a bunch of freed slaves were on their hands. All slaves didn't have houses, jobs, or money.
41: Freedman's Bureau was established to provide needs to blacks. They provided schools, doctors, and food. The African Americans were grateful. | The new way of farming called "sharecropping" was developed. Sharecropping is when poor white men or blacks would rent land from a farm owner. To pay their debts they would work on the farm and earn some of the harvested crops.
43: Segregation began after their the Reconstruction time period. This meant separation of whites and blacks. Jim Crow Laws were established and said that segregation of different races. | Prejudices means when people were judged in a negative way without proof. Discrimination was the unfair treatment of people.