S: we didn't start the fire year book
BC: the end
FC: 1953 | 1954 | 1952 | By: Jules Vidhi Brandon Angel
2: "i like ike!"
3: Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected as the 34th president of the United States in 1953,. During his campaign, Eisenhower did promises such as; going to Korea to end the war, and to give continuation to a powerful NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) accountability in relation to communism. He also used the practical and direct slogan, “I like Ike” (Ike being his popularly known nickname) which expressed the peoples trust toward Eisenhower. One of the main points that also helped Eisenhower's victory was his family, especially his wife. Eisenhower held the ideas of traditional families, and took advantage of his wife's ‘woman power’ to portray average families in society and to compare with the government: “if housewives were capable of balancing the house's budget, then why was the government not able to?” He won the elections by a difference of 442 to 89 votes to his democrat opposer; Adlai Stevenson, making Eisenhower a favorite. | Dwight D. Eisenhower
5: Since the 1900’s there was a race to who could create the most effective, polio vaccine, because polio cases had out broken with high rates in the Americas. The first efficient polio vaccine was invented on March/11/1952, by Jonas Salk. His solution to the poliomyelitis virus lowered drastically the high rates of the plague in the population in a relatively short period of time. From 1952 to 1954 the vaccine was being tested in people (rather than monkeys) and the vaccine was then allowed in 1955 by the government, to be distributed publicly after seeing the positive results from the experiment. Salk’s vaccine required two injections; one before and one after the month ended, in a period of every five years. Later, a scientist named Albert Bruce Sabin created another form of the vaccine; with a different recipe and this time taken orally. Anyhow, the effectiveness of both vaccines has lowered cases from 2,525 cases of paralytic polio in 1960, to 61 cases of paralytic polio in 1965! Rates then decreased all the way to 8 cases every year from 1980 to 1990, and ever since 1994, polio has been completely exterminated from the Americas, with really rare cases in other continents. | vaccine
6: Queen Elizabeth has been Queen of the United Kingdom ever since the death of her father, King George VI on February 6, 1952, also the year in which she ascended the throne. She was only twenty seven years old when she was coroneted; on June 2, 1953. The United Kingdom follows a constitutional monarchy, in which the country is run by the government; although the queen is the official head of the state (this is mainly a symbolic role, just to preserve the old customs of having a queen). Queen Elizabeth II has now occupied the throne for 58 years. Furthermore, the queen does not choose to whom she will pass the throne. Prince Charles will be the next to rule since he is her eldest son, in case she dies or if she abdicates. Queen Elizabeth would only have the possibility to pass the throne to someone other than Prince Charles, if the British constitutional law had been changed, or if Prince Charles dies before her, then the crown would go to Prince William, since he is Prince Charles's eldest son. Usually, the crown is passed from the current monarch to the eldest son, even if the monarch has an older daughter. However, if the monarch has no son, then he shall pass the crown on to the eldest daughter, which was the Queen's case. | Queen Elizabeth ||
9: Rocco Francis Marchegiano, rather known as “Rocky Marciano”, was a phenomenal twenty – five year old Italian-American boxer who would always marvel his fans with every victory. He was mentioned in the song, “We Didn't Start the Fire” because he was nominated in The Ring Magazine to be the “Fighter of the Year” on 1952, and on that same year, he won the “Heavyweight Championship of the World” when he knocked out, in the thirteenth round, Jersey Joe Walcott in the championship in Philadelphia. It was a tough fight for Rocky because he was struggling to get enough points, until he gave a really powerful punch in Walcott's jaw, which caused Walcott to fall unconscious, and brought Marciano the Heavyweight Champion title. Some believed that Rocky would never succeed in his career, because he was far too short, light, and old, compared to the boxing requirements, although he proved these people wrong, when he won forty–nine consecutive fights of which forty–three were by knockouts. Marciano retired without a single loss, and with many titles under his belt. Rocky died in a plane crash on the eve of his 46th birthday, on 1969 | Rocco Francis Marchegiano
10: George Santayana was mentioned in Billy Joel’s lyrics, because 1952 was the year that he died. Santayana was a very famous philosopher and poet in the United States, although he was actually from Madrid, Spain. He immigrated at the age of nine to Massachusetts where he would spend the next forty years of his life. In 1886 Santayana graduated from Harvard University, although in 1889 to 1912 he would return to the University to teach in the philosophy area. After he left the United States, he never came back, and he then lived short amounts of time in England, then France, and he then established himself for a longer while in Italy. He left Italy following the start of World War II, and then Santayana spent his last days in an English convent of nuns, where he died in 1952. To his time, Santayana had pretty “futuristic” ideas in relation to naturalism, multiculturalism, skepticism, and what he called ‘animal faith’ (whose ideas and way of thoughts trace back to his Hispanic origins and culture). One of the things that he enjoyed much of, and even wrote a book about was philosophy of history, which is portrayed in his book; The Life of Reason. | George Santayana
12: Wladziu Valentino Liberace, better known as Liberace, was a showman and a gifted pianist. In 1952 the show which he hosted in Los Angeles, called “The Liberace Show” premiered, launching Liberace into great fame, for his bizarre habits and symbolic icons, such as playing his piano with a candelabrum on top, or wearing his unusual and extravagant tuxedos. The outcome of Liberace's show was so favorable, that it even started to circulate nationally in 1953 (one year after the premier - 1952). He was also mentioned in “We Didn't Start the Fire” for his first appearance at the “Hollywood Bowl”, and when he announced his engagement with Joanne Rio, on 1952. Also, one thing that really used to catch the attention of his spectators was his “sweet smile”, his “wavy hair”, the way he would interact with his audience, and of course his ability to play the piano impeccably. Liberace's pianist career started at a very young age, with the musical influence of his family, when he was only seven years old he ended up earning a scholarship to Wisconsin College of Music for his talent. Liberace died of Aids on 1987. | Wladziu Valentino Liberace
14: Richard Nixson | Dwight Eisenhower | Vice President | President
16: Joseph Stalin | The Dictator of Soviet Union, the general of the communist party, the prime minister of the Soviet Union. That was Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin started his political career after a revolution in his country called Bolshevik revolution, later he got appointed General of the communist party. He got so much power that he named himself dictator and prime minister of Soviet Union. Stalin was the harshest leader of the Soviet Union, he use to send poor people executed or to labor camps in Siberia. Stalin was the one that conquered the satellite countries, he started to conquer countries close to Soviet Union so he could get more power and make the whole Europe communist, he could accomplish just half of his objectives, half of Europe, before he died in 1953, Stalin died in the hospital, his guards found him in the floor with his pants urinated, they called a really good doctor but he didn't support the pain and died. The Dictator of Soviet Union, the general of the communist party, the prime minister of the Soviet Union. That was Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin started his political career after a revolution in his country called Bolshevik revolution, later he got appointed General of the communist party. He got so much power that he named himself dictator and prime minister of Soviet Union. Stalin was the harshest leader of the Soviet Union, he use to send poor people executed or to labor camps in Siberia. Stalin was the one that conquered the satellite countries, he started to conquer countries close to Soviet Union so he could get more power and make the whole Europe communist, he could accomplish just half of his objectives, half of Europe, before he died in 1953.
19: He was a great friend from the ex-dictator of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin. Malenkov was not the vice president, or the governor but people in Soviet Union knew him as the right hand of the ex-dictator Stalin. After Stalin died in 1953 Malenkov took advantage of it and turned into the prime minister of Soviet Union. As Stalin was a really good friend of Malenkov he follow Stalin’s examples and continued the Communism invasion in the European countries. So later on he turned the Communist Party Official and all that in the same year. | Malenkov
20: Prokofiev, a song writer, an opera writer, movie writer and ballet maker. One of the most famous composers of Ukraine, Prokofiev. After WWII ended Prokofiev used the topic of peace around the world and wrote lots of songs, and operas about it, and lots of people liked his songs, and operas. Out of all his works Prokofiev the most important one was his ballet about Romeo and Juliet, it was a success all around Europe. But in 1953 Prokofiev died of cerebral hemorrhage, with no work left to do. | Prokofiev
21: Nasser was the second president of Egypt, after Muhammad died. Nasser was the most influential Arab leader in history. Nasser and Prokofiev were put together in the song for one reason, that they were one of the influential people in history, Nasser was politically one and Prokofiev was artistically one, | Nasser
22: Nelson and Winthrop Rockefeller were grandsons of oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller. In 1953, Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed Nelson as chair of the President's Advisory Committee on Government Organization. He served as Governor of New York from 1959 to 1973. He was the 41st Vice President of the United States of America from December 19, 1974 to January 20, 1977. Also in 1953, Winthrop Rockefeller--who was known as a playboy and hard drinker--moved from Florida and New York to Arkansas. It was jokingly said he moved there because he loved playing the banjo. Winthrop became Governor of Arkansas in 1966 and was said to be a great influence on future Arkansas Governor and U.S. President Bill Clinton. Nelson and Winthrop Rockefeller were the only brothers in U.S. history to serve as Governor at the same time. | Rockefeller
24: You have to have a lot of little boy in you to play baseball for a living. ~Roy Campanella
25: Roy Campanella was born on November 19, 1921. He died on June 26, 1993. He was an all-star catcher on the Brooklyn Dodgers. In 1951, 1953, and 1955 he was the National League's Most Valuable Player. He was also the first black catcher in Major League Baseball History. His career was cut short by a paralyzing car accident. In 1969, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. | Roy Camanella
26: Communist Bloc | The Communist Bloc was created in 1953 when the Soviet Union allied with its satellite countries. The Communist Bloc was also referred to as the Eastern Bloc or the Soviet Bloc. These countries include The Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia,and Albania.
30: Roy Cohn was the chief counsel for the Senate Permanent Investigations Subcommittee; he worked with McCarthy who was the US Republican Senator. During the 50’s they started accusing famous people of being communists, which at that time was a big deal since the world was trying to stop people from believing in that type of government. There are many theories on why they did this, some say that he did it to get revenge from people he had known while others say that he was usually drunk and thought that if Americans thought he was getting rid of the “bad” people they would keep voting for him. Roy Cohn had always worked with him and agreed with his ideas. But in the years approaching 1954, Roy started disagreeing. During that time people also suspected that he was a homosexual and he was harshly criticized since he had hurt so many people for thinking a different way when he was also different. | Roy Cohn
32: Juan Perón was a popular leader in Argentina, elected first in 1946 and then again in 1952. Perón pursued social policies aimed at empowering the working class. His wife Evita was known for helping the poor. He was strongly anti-American and anti-British, confiscating much of the British and American-owed assets in Argentina. He served as the president of Argentina at three different times (1946, 1951 and 1973). He was exiled from 1955-1973. He was an extremely skilled politician and had millions of supporters even during when he was exiled. In 1955, he was overthrown by a military coup. It wasn't until 1973 that he returned to power. He died shortly afterward in 1974. | Juan Peron
34: Arturo Toscanini was an Italian conductor born on March 25, 1876. He was considered to be one of the best classical conductors of all times. On April 4, 1954, he suffered a memory lapse while conducting a radio broadcast of the NBC Symphony at Carnegie Hall in New York. This was the last time he conducted live in public. He died on January 16, 1957, after having suffered a stroke on January 1 of the same year. Arturo Toscanini was an Italian conductor born on March 25, 1876. He was considered to be one of the best classical conductors of all times. On April 4, 1954, he suffered a memory lapse while conducting a radio broadcast of the NBC Symphony at Carnegie Hall in New York. This was the last time he conducted live in public. He died on January 16, 1957, after having suffered a stroke on January 1 of the same year. Arturo Toscanini was an Italian conductor born on March 25, 1876. He was considered to be one of the best classical conductors of all times. On April 4, 1954, he suffered a memory lapse while conducting a radio broadcast of the NBC Symphony at Carnegie Hall in New York. This was the last time he conducted live in public. He died on January 16, 1957, after having suffered a stroke on January 1 of the same year. | Arturo Toscanini
36: Dacron is polyester fiber. It was actually created in the 30’s but only recognized in 1954 as a new fabric. It was created by John Rex Whinfield and J.T. Dickinson. They decided to create this fabric because they wanted a strong fabric that didn't wrinkle and didn't melt easily. Not only was this used to make clothes but it's also used to make bottles. | Dacron
37: Interesting/Amusing Uses of Dacron:® Aquarium nets Bow strings for archers Climbing ropes for mountaineers Clothing for all Fishing Line for anglers Modern Art construction Surgical grafts and sutures Tyres Toys and dolls (including Barbie)
39: dien bien phu falls | dien bien falls was the name of the village North Vietnam falls to Viet Minh forces under Vo Nguyen Giap, leading to the creation of North Vietnam and South Vietnam as separate states.
40: Put your glad rags on and join me, hon, We'll have some fun when the clock strikes one... | We're gonna rock, gonna rock around the clock tonight!
41: Rock Around the Clock was one of the hugest hits on the 50’s; this song was written by Max Freedman. When it was released in 1954 it wasn't very successful but after being re-released and featured in a film named Blackboard Jungle, it became very popular. The teenagers of that time liked the song because it was a change from the slow sentimental songs; however most of the adults didn't like it because they believed that it was too rebellious. Nevertheless Rock Around the Clock sold 17 million copies of the song in vinyl discs. Also was it spent 8 weeks as number one on Billboard top 100 being the top CD bought in stores, most played by jockeys (radio stations) and most played in jukeboxes. This song is not the first rock song made but it was the first one that was recognized internationally and it is the third best selling record of all time. | Rock Around The Clock
42: One income families,with wife at home supporting as many as five or fewer kids was normal. One income was adequate. It was baby boomer producing time. We had a do nothing President who golfed frequently who helped win World War II. The culture was conservative until Rock and Roll music enter the scene. There was a lot of talk about the Communist threat from Joe McCarty and friends. The Soviet Union was the major concern. We had the worry of the Atomic Bomb with people building bomb shelters. We became the most powerful country on earth the main reason being we were never invaded. It was a happy time for most people. | political climate
43: Teenagers were also becoming more independent in the type of music they preferred to listen to, no more listening to what their parents liked, teens flocked to the new music of the decade, which was rock and roll. Growing up as a teenager prior to World War II, teenagers were expected to take life seriously. Males were expected to join the military or go out and get a job in order to help bring in money for their family or to take care of their future family. | life like for teenagers
44: Best Motion Picture All About Eve (Twentieth Century-Fox) Born Yesterday (Columbia) Father of the Bride (MGM) King Solomon's Mines (MGM) Sunset Boulevard (Paramount) | academy award winners
45: 1954 1. Rock Around The Clock - Bill Haley & His Comets 2. Shake, Rattle And Roll - Joe Turner / Bill Haley & His Comets 3. Earth Angel - Penguins 4. Sh-Boom - Chords 5. That's All Right - Elvis Presley with Scotty and Bill 6. Pledging My Love - Johnny Ace 7. Goodnite Sweetheart Goodnite - Spaniels 8. I've Got A Woman - Ray Charles 9. White Christmas - Drifters featuring Clyde McPhatter 10. Work With Me Annie - Royals / Midnighters | 1953 1. Money Honey - Drifters featuring Clyde McPhatter 2. Your Cheatin' Heart - Hank Williams 3. Crying In The Chapel - Orioles 4. Gee - Crows 5. Shake A Hand - Faye Adams 6. Honey Hush - Joe Turner 7. Mama, He Treats Your Daughter Mean - Ruth Brown 8. Hound Dog - Willie Mae "Big Mama" Thornton 9. Kaw-Liga - Hank Williams 10. The Things That I Used To Do - Guitar Slim | 1952 1. Lawdy Miss Clawdy - Lloyd Price 2. Jambalaya (On The Bayou) - Hank Williams 3. Have Mercy Baby - Dominoes 4. One Mint Julep - Clovers 5. Night Train - Jimmy Forrest 6. My Song - Johnny Ace 7. Goin' Home - Fats Domino 8. Moody Mood For Love - King Pleasure 9. Juke - Little Walter 10. Baby, Don't Do It - "5" Royales
46: World War II (1939-1945) Cold War between US & USSR (1947) Birth of nursing research ECT used to treat depression Nation’s 1st TV broadcast from New York (1941) | advancements and events
48: styles of 1950s
49: http://www.school-for-champions.com/history/start_fire_facts.htm#1953 http://elblogdetitus.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A2700488 http://geography2007.blogspot.com/2007/05/juan-pern-1954.html http://seekss4954.weebly.com/1954.html http://www2.kumc.edu/instruction/nursing/pqe/timelinehistory.htm | bibliography