BC: Works Cited Appleby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, Albert Broussard, James McPherson, and Donald Ritchie. The American Republic to 1877. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 2005.
FC: Western Expansion by Alec Pallin
1: Idea The textile mill created a fast and easy way to clean cotton and create clothing.This caused a boom in the cotton plants that were farmed in the South. The idea of the textile mill was brought from England by Samuel Slater. He copied a British man, Richard Arkwright's design and brought it to America.
2: As Americans wanted to move West, the National Government started to take action to move Indians west. The Indian Removal Act started to move Native Americans to their "designated" reservation in Oklahoma. Because of this, many treaties were formed and some brutal battles were fought.
3: One Native American tribe that was brutally removed was the Cherokee. They were forced to march to Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears. (picture of the Trail of tears)
4: Natural Geographic In 1803 President Jefferson made a purchase with the French to buy some of the Western United States through the Louisiana Purchase. (see next page for map).
5: Before the actual purchase was finalized, President Jefferson decided to send his secretary, Meriwether Louis, to explore this land.
6: Social As people moved West, tensions grew. The nation grew apart due to the fact that communication was very difficult. There were no telephones or post offices to send letters. People did not communicate outside of their families. Also, tensions with the Native Americans
7: grew because travelers wanted their land. Relationships with the Native Americans were not good. Many Native Americans were killed or removed because they did not have the same technologies that the settlers did.
8: Political The Presidents of this period were Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Quincy Adams, Jackson, Van Buren, Harrison, Tyler, and Polk. They were our 3rd-11th Presidents.
9: The main political parties were the Democratic Party and the Whig Party. The first President to come from the Whig Party was William H. Harrison.
10: Economic The main economic situation during this time period was the tariffs and what they were doing to America. In 1828 Congress passed a tariff on all imported goods from Europe. The Colonists hated this, especially in the South. They wanted to
11: nullify or cancel the federal law. This situation was finally resolved when President Jackson signed a bill that would slowly lower the tariff.
12: The Panic of 1837 was the first real recession that America had faced so far. Thousands of businesses closed, banks failed, there was inflation, and cotton prices fell to record lows. The Panic ended when Congress created the National Treasury.
14: The main "fuels" for the economy were cotton and the up and coming factories.
15: After Jackson's presidency ended, the country had problems but it still pulled through.
17: This cartoon depicts President Jackson fighting a many-headed dragon. The dragon is supposed to be the bank. Jackson did not want the bank to have too much power so he prevented them from gaining this power by every means possible.
18: Cultural The clothing styles of the 1800s were as follows: men women
19: These pictures of clothes were the types of clothes that travelers moving west would wear. These are the common people's clothing. Most Americans still lived on farms and farming was the profession. But more and more people worked in
20: mills and factories. The Industrial Revolution started to change America's way of life. As Americans changed, so did the Native Americans. We introduced them to Christianity and relocated them from their land. The United States changed their way of life forever .
22: Technology/Inventions The cotton gin revolutionized the cotton picking business. It allowed workers to quickly and efficiently remove seeds from the cotton. It was invented by Eli Whitney.
23: The Erie Canal was completed in 1825 . It allowed sailors to bring products through the great lakes.
24: The steamboat was first perfected in 1807. This invention allowed people to travel quickly and smoothly over long distances. Before this invention, water travel was extremely difficult.
26: What made change happen? The national government made change happen. They destroyed a people that had inhabited land which had been theirs well before the United States was born. The United States wanted to extend their boundaries west. To do this, they had to remove the Native Americans. The conflicts that followed are best shown
27: through the Trail of Tears. The Cherokee Nation did not want to change the way they lived but the United States government forced them to.
28: How is the past similar to the present? The past is similar to the present because we still have Native Americans on reservations and the treaties that were created are still in existence. The Cherokee Nation is still in Oklahoma, away from their original home in Southeastern United States. The government will not let
29: them move back to their original home because of the treaties. The government is still taking advantage of the Native Americans.
30: How did people in the past view their world? The people viewed it as a never ending place. They believed that the United States would always have extra space and it would never be full. Also, they viewed it as their world, not the Native American's world. If a Native American had something that
31: a United States citizen desired, they believed that they had the right to take it from the Native American. This was shown through the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
32: How did decisions or actions significantly transform people's lives? The decision to remove the Native Americans changed their way of life forever. The Native American's religion was based off of nature and the land. When this was taken away from them, it took away all of what they believed in.
33: This decision changed the way of life for thousands of Native Americans.
34: What has changed? The main thing that has changed is the advancement in technology. In the 1800's, they did not have iPods or computers like we do today. The steamboat was a huge advancement back then and now we are planning to send a person to Mars. Also, the main "fuel" for the economy has
35: changed from farming to business. It is still the same United States, but many things have changed.