BC: Summary When the war started, many men were drafted to go to war. This made more jobs available. Also, many women started getting those jobs, so the unemployment rate decreased drastically. It was a new era for women. They were able to do jobs everyone else could. So having the men away at war brought in income, and the jobs were open to women, so they brought in more income too. All of this helped boost the economy and rebuild the country and pull them out of the depression.
FC: World War II and the United States
1: Why did the United States get involved in World War II? They were very hesitant to join WWII because of the casualties they lost in WWI. However, President Roosevelt wanted the US to get involved. Meanwhile, Japan had invaded Manchuria. Roosevelt reacted by cutting off trading with Japan. This made Japan even more aggressive since they need those resources to feed their industries. Now, Japan viewed the United States as the most significant threat to their plans. The U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor was the only force that was able to challenge Japan's navy, and American bases in the Philippines could threaten communication between the Japanese home islands and the East Indies.
2: The fighting in Europe was a major issue in the 1940 presidential election. On September 3, 1939, Roosevelt pledged, "As long as it remains in my power to prevent, there will be no blackout of peace in the United States." Despite his promises, he viewed US military involvements unavoidable. Especially after the attack on Pearl Harbor, he got involved the day after that attack.
3: How did the war start? In March 1939, Adolf HItler's armies occupied all of Czechoslovakia. Hitler also proposed to annex the Polish port city of Danzig but the Poles refused. That same year, Italian troops invaded Albania on April 7. Recognizing the growing threat to European security, Britain and France announced that they would go to war if Germany attacked Poland. They called on the Soviet Union to join them in resisting further aggression. Instead, onAugust 23, 1939, Joseph Stalin signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler. They agreed not to attack each other. On September 1, 1939, German bombers moved into Poland. Two days later, Britain and France, who became known as Allied Powers, declared war on Germany. World War II had begun.
4: What countries were involved in WWII? Britain, France, China, US, Soviet Union (Russia, Ukraine, etc), Canada, Australia. Germany, Italy, Japan
6: Weaponry of WWII. Submachine guns were very common in WWII. The most common gun was the MP40 (seen on top on next page). Also, tanks were commonly used (seen in bottom picture).
9: Rosie the Riveter For most American women on the home front, daily life changed dramatically. During the depression, the government had discouraged women from working. The government now urged them to enter the job market to replace departing soldiers. One government poster showed a female worker in a bandanna and overalls. The caption read: "I'm Proud...my husband wants me to do my part." Advertisements and a popular song promoted Rosie the RIveter, the symbol of patriotic female defense workers. From 1940 to 1944 the number of women workers increased by about 6 million. Women worked in war plants and replaced men in a host of jobs ranging from newspaper reporting to truck driving. Many women already in the paid workforce left traditional "women's work" such as domestic service to work in factories. Women's participation in the war effort gave many a new sense of pride and self-worth.