BC: The First World War lasted for four years and three months. It began on August 4, 1914 and ended on November 11, 1918. It involved sixty sovereign states, overthrew four Empires, the German Empire, Hapsburg Empire, Turkish Empire, and Russian Empire, and created to seven new nations. It also took ten million combatant lives, plus another 30 million were wounded. Cost of the war was about 46,000 million dollars.
FC: World War I
1: The Great War or War to End All Wars, lasted from 1914 to 1919.
2: The War began with a conflict between Hungary and Serbia on July 28th 1914. After Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austria-Hungary throne, and his wife were assassinated by a Serbian Nationalist in Sarejevo.
4: World War I became infamous for trench warfare, where soldiers confined to trenches because of the tight defences.
8: Life in the trenches was often said to be hell on earth, in which nobody would argue. Rats were among creatures that infested the trenches in millions. They ate the remains of those who died, and would grow to the size of a cat.
10: Rats were not the only infestation during WW1, they were lice causing itch, which also caused a disease called Trench Fever. Recovery took up to twelve weeks. Frogs were also among their troubles, found in the base of trenches. Slugs and horned beetles along the sides. Many men shaved their heads to avoid nits. Trench foot was a fungal infection of the feet caused by the conditions in the trenches, cold, wet and unclean.
12: The Battle of Tannenberg was the first major battle in World War I on the eastern front. It put the forces of Russia against the forces of Germany.
13: The major battle was started by a small affair at Gumbinnen. The result of the battle was near total destruction of the Russian forces. There were many logistics, intelligence, terrain, and communication factors which lead the Germans victory. The Battle of Tannenberg was one of the only battles remembered for its static positions. The German victory at Tannenberg allowed for the war to continue when an early Russian victory probably would have kicked Germany out of the war.
15: During World War I, in the winter of 1914, on the battlefields of Flanders, an historical event took place. The Germans had been in a bloody battle with the British and French. Both sides were dug in, muddy, man-made trenches that were six to eight feet deep. On Christmas Day German troops began to put small Christmas trees, lit with candles, outside of their trenches, and began to sing songs.
17: According to Stanley Weintraub, who wrote about it in his book, Silent Night. Signboards were rose up and down the trenches. Most were in English, or fractured English. 'YOU NO FIGHT, WE NO FIGHT' was the most frequently written message from the Germans. Some British units made 'MERRY CHRISTMAS' banners and waited for a response. Soldiers left their trenches, and meet in the middle to shake hands.