S: Grant's Cottage By: Lydia Hanchett
FC: Grant's Cottage By: Lydia Hanchett
1: I visited Grant's Cottage on Mount McGregor in Wilton. During my visit I took lots of pictures. I had a great time and learned a lot of things that i didn't know about Grant. I hope that you enjoy my scrapbook and learn something new. My tour guide Tom would like me to start by saying, "Grant was a great man."
2: Before the Cottage: Hiram Ulysses Grant was born on April 27th, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio. Grant excelled in math and was an excellent horseman. His father, Jesse, was an abolitionist, opinion writer and owned a tannery. His father thought very highly of Grant and put him through a private education. | Grant's father’s political connections also helped him, at the age of 17; enter the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York. This is where the confusion of his name came. He was born Hiram Ulysses Grant but he applied as Ulysses Grant. It was required that he had a middle initial. It was assumed that he would have taken his mother’s maiden name. So from there on out he went by the name Ulysses Simpson Grant. This is also where he met Frederick Dent, his future wife’s brother. | This is the birthplace of Ulysses Grant | This is where Grant spent his childhood, in Ohio.
3: Grant was planning on becoming a math teacher if the Mexican War hadn’t occurred. Although naturally suited for cavalry, in 1846, he was assigned to duty as a regimental quartermaster, achieving the rank of lieutenant. He helped to manage supplies and equipment. Grant didn’t agree with this war however. In fact he thought it wrong for the U.S. to invade and try to seize the territory. But he knew that it was his duty to serve his country. | Grant leading troops in Mexican war. | Grant as a young man.
4: On August 22, 1848, Grant married Julia Boggs Dent. Together, they had four children: Frederick Dent Grant; Ulysses S. "Buck" Grant, Jr.; Ellen Wrenshall "Nellie" Grant; and Jesse Root Grant. | After the war ended, Grant wanted to focus on other things, like a family.
5: Ellen Wrenshall "Nellie" Grant | Frederick Dent Grant | Jessie Root Grant. | Ulysses S. "Buck" Grant Jr.
6: Then, he was a general in the civil war. First, he recruited and trained his own troops. Grant and his troops began to win many battles. They won at Belmont, Henry and Donelson. At the battle of Shiloh, there were more casualties than The American Revolution, The War of 1812 and The Mexican War combined. Many people wanted Grant fired for this. But after having George McClellan as a general, Lincoln realized that he needed to keep Grant because Grant “fought”. After the Siege of Vicksburg (a victory lead by Grant), the U.S. had control of the Mississippi. | Then he was a general in the civil war! | After going through many generals, Lincoln finally decided to make Grant head of Union forces. The battles between Robert E. Lee and Grant were among the bloodiest of the war. Grant took advantage of his superior man power and wore Lee down. Realizing that he could win, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse. Grant ended the Civil War and slavery as we knew it.
7: When the presidential election of 1869 came around, many republicans looked towards Grant. He obliged and was nominated as the Republican presidential candidate. Grant was the 18th president of the United States and served 2 terms (1869- 1877). While president he created the 15th Amendment, Civil Rights Act and created the first national park; Yellowstone. | The Presidency
8: After His Presidency | Grant and his wife traveled the world and were treated like royalty. He and his wife met Emperor Meiji and Empress Shken at the Imperial Palace. The emperor of Japan even shook Grant’s hand. He was the first man to shake the emperor’s hand because the emperor didn’t touch “mortals”. When they arrived back in New York, they used their political status to maintain a house on east 66th street.
9: Not long after his presidency, Grant faced three main problems. He was diagnosed with cancer of the throat and mouth by his doctor. Also he had gone bankrupt, due to his business colleague Ferdinand Ward swindling Grant (and other investors who had been encouraged by Grant). Ward bankrupted their company, Grant & Ward. Grant and his family needed money because of his financial crisis. He was planning on earning that money by writing memoirs on his experiences. But, Grant needed to have them finished before his passing.
10: A hotel was built on the slope of Mount McGregor because it had a cool mountain breeze that was ideal for tourists. It also had a beautiful overlook that could allow you to see the landscape for sixty miles due east. In 1881, it was sold to Joseph Drexel. He put in railroads and a giant hotel that had electricity installed by Thomas Edison. There was a large beacon on the top of the hotel that could provide electricity until 10:00 PM. Then it had to be turned off because the noise would keep guests awake. Drexel also rolled Duncan McGregor’s restaurant down lower on the slope, using trees, this became his private cottage. | Joseph William Drexel
11: With Grant in a state of grave illness, he needed to go someplace cool to avoid the hot summers of New York. Joseph Drexel had just the place. After moving a restaurant of the prior owner’s and turning it into his private cottage, he allowed the Grants to stay there. Drexel knew Grant from a fundraiser to buy the pedestal for The Statue of Liberty. President Grant arrived at the cottage on June 16, 1885, with a large entourage of family, friends, servants, and physicians in order to complete his memoirs.
12: Grant liked to spend his time on the overlook. On one trip he wrote three letters, one to his wife, one to his eldest son and one to his doctor. He wrote to his doctor, thanking him for taking care of him and expressing understanding of his illness. The letter to his oldest son was about his wishes for his burial. His letter to his wife told her how much he loved her and their children, this not was found in his pocket after he passed. | Me at the overlook.
13: On July 20th after a rough trip to the outlook in his bath chair he was exhausted. Instead of sitting in his leather chairs, he asked to lie down. This is when his family realized that he would die soon. | This was his bath chair.
14: Grant originally wrote a few articles on his Civil War campaigns for The Century Magazine. But Mark Twain offered him more money, so Grant wrote for Twain. Grant died four days after he finished writing his memoirs. Based on Grants memoirs you could clearly see that his pride was in being a general, not a president. His memoirs sold over 300,000 copies and earned his family $450,000, the equivalent of about $9,000,000 today. | These are preserved samples of Grant's writing.
15: MY Experiences | This is what I saw while at Grant's Cottage. Everything from the time that i reached "The Doctors".
16: When you get to the entry point of the Cottage, there is a booth. There is an officer that tells you which way to go. If you turn left there is The Mount McGregor Correctional Facility. If you go right you are headed to the cottage.
17: When you get to the gift shop, where you buy your tickets, you watch a movie that summarizes the events at Grant's Cottage. After the video is over, you can go around the room and look at pictures. These are some of them. | Grant's body paraded through many cities | Grant's funeral was a big deal for many people. As you can see by the photo he was honored by many soldiers.
18: Grant was placed in a "temporary" tomb in Riverside Park, Grant's body stayed there for nearly 12 years, while supporters raised money for the construction of a permanent resting place. In what was then the biggest public fundraising campaign in history, some 90,000 people from around the world donated over $600,000 to build Grant's Tomb. | This was Grant's funeral train.
19: This is a picture of Julia Dent as a child. | These are the places that Ulysses S. Grant lived. | This is an old newspaper article about Grant.
20: Then you sign your name in a visitors log.
21: Then you go to the cottage and wait for a guide. These are some pictures i took while i waited.
22: When the tour begins your guide will show you a collage of pictures about Grant's life.
23: The first room that you enter used to be Julia's bedroom. But, she moved upstairs to be with the rest of the family. Then, it became a study.
24: Next you enter the room where Grant died. | Grant's favorite chair. In which he would sit on the porch and write his memoirs. | Grant's death bed. | A desk by Grant's bed.
25: Then you enter Grant's sitting room. He had two chairs set up, to rest in. There is also a cabinet with some of his old belongings in it. | This was something that Grant used to drink as a pain reliever.
26: This is the fireplace in his bedroom. | This is the fireplace mantle. | This is what was on the desk.
27: This was the clock stopped at 8:08 (the time of Grant's death) | These were flower arrangements given to Grant's family. They were preserved in wax and are still in one piece today.
28: After you are finished going through the cottage, you can go to the overlook.
29: These were signs at the overlook.
31: Overall Grant played a very important role in American history. I enjoyed visiting Grant's Cottage and learned a lot. I hope you enjoyed reading this scrapbook as much as I enjoyed making it.