FC: Memories - 1913-1919 | "I dream of giving birth to a child who will ask, "Mother, what was war?" " ~Eve Merriam
1: Before The War | City Life in New York, 1913 | Transportation: bikes, motor cars, and horse-drawn transports. Pop Culture: ragtime music, playing piano, Charlie Chaplin Reform: A lot of women active in social reform.
2: PROPAGANDA | Throughout World War I, the United States home front was filled with all sorts of propaganda. The were used as an attempt to persuade Americans to aid the war efforts by getting government bonds and joining the army. Other more home front focused propaganda urged people to be patriot by giving to the soldiers, and encouraged women to step up and take the men's roles in the factories. More darker propaganda perceived the German's as evil, brute enemies, which encouraged the citizens even more to help fight the central powers.
3: Dear beloved Sarah, It has been 3 months since I've seen your beautiful face. How are you and baby William? I hope you are doing well. Things here in the battle field are getting brutal. Everywhere were seeing trench warfare and naval warfare. Here in the newly established Air Force, we're having a lot of problems with the German's Zeppelin airships. Down below, my fellow soldiers are facing new challenges of modern weapons such as machine guns, gas, and tanks. The hardest part of the war though, is trying to adjust to all the new changes here in the war front. With much love, John
4: American's were impacted by helping fund the war. They had raised taxes. They also were urged to make the prices of the items they sell the same.Herbert Hoover created Meatless Mondays and Wheatless Wednesdays to help cut down on the amount of food intakes. Americans would also purchase Liberty or Victory loan bonds to help give the government more money. Harry Garfield was the head of the fuel administration was created at the same time to get rid of the severe coal shortage and prevent more schools and factories from closing down. | Financing The War
5: Work And Production | Factory work and war production influenced citizen's daily lives by forcing those who may have not previously worked to step up and fill those who have gone away to war's positions. It also encouraged women to fill men's positions. Factories shifted what they were making to into things that could aid the war effort.
6: Food during the war is so much different than the food we ate before it. We do all sorts of things to limit the amount of food we intake, so there's enough for everyone. Some of the things we do are rationing and Meatless Mondays and Wheatless Wednesdays. Meatless Mondays and Wheatless Wednesdays aren't required, but its such a satisfying feeling to know, just a common woman, can help the war effort. Here in my city, there are food boards that hold canning demonstrations, and distributed recipes that substituted wheat and sugar for other ingredients. | Our Sacrifices For The War
7: Anti-German feelings are everywhere. Towns have changed their names, there were book burnings of German authors, stopped teaching German language. There was also a lot of violence against German-Americans, such as lynching and mob actions. People stopped drinking and eating German foods also. | My sister, Lois. lives in Cincinnati and her street name was changed because so many people are anti-German | A poster outside Fuller's Market. | Anti-Germany
8: Being pregnant, there is not much physically I can contribute to the war. However, after the baby is born, I will may have to get a job. There are quite a few jobs for women that could also help the war. some of them are cooking, communicating, clerical work,telephony, printing, and truck and ambulance drivers. Some even go to the front line as nurses to help wounded soldiers. Edith told me about it, and it sounds quite dangerous. Other of my girlfriends also work in factories as more and more men were called to the front lines. | O U R C O N T R I B U T I O N S
9: Because of the efforts of all us women, I will not be surprised if we get the right to vote soon. I've heard rumors that they may add the 19th amendment to the Constitution for women's suffrage. We've earned this! They've also just limited the first amendment by making it illegal to talk bad or against the government. They called it the Espionage and Sedition Act. They arrested many people already for resisting the war efforts and protesting involvement. Even Farmer Jones was arrested for passing out leaflets that denounced the war! | R I G H T S
10: Mother And Baby | William Henry Davis born July 12, 1918. 19 inches, 7 lbs. Son of Sarah and John Davis
11: Now that baby William is born, I must return to work. Since I can no longer just work at home as a seamstress, I need to find work in the city. I also need to find a cheap nanny, with quality care! I hope John returns soon and the world will end so he can see our beautiful creation.
12: There was recently an African-American family who moved next door. They said they moved here from Georgia because of the factory job openings here in the city. My friend, Meredith, told me about some African-Americans at her work place. They said they came up during what she called the great migration. Many of my other neighbors are angered over all the new African-American people, and there have been riots and outbreaks. It seems as if the north is turning into the south. | "The Great Migration"
13: Race riot in Chicago
14: I recently got a letter from my Aunt Jill in Kansas. She said there was an epidemic of influenza. They just discovered what it was after many people died, but more still are. She's moving to New York to stay with me, just in case. It will also be nice to have help with the baby. I saw in the news tonight that the influenza started with the soldiers then traveled back home. There's been hundreds of people hospitalized, and there's also a shortage of doctors. | 1918 Flu Epidemic
15: All the beds of the hospital were filled
16: Mother | Grandfather | Grandmother | Great Grandmother | Great Grandmother | Great Grandfather | Great Grandfather
17: Father | Grandfather | Grandmother | Great Grandmother | Great Grandmother | Great Grandfather | Great Grandfather
19: Great Grandparents | Parents | Grandparents
21: Our Ancestors
22: Parents | Grandparents | Great Grandparents