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S: Jason Pike - The Year I Was Born - 1972

BC: To: Jason Happy 40th Birthday!! From: Nigel and Nikki Sawyer

FC: JASON PIKE born 7th July 1972 | Happy 40th Birthday!

1: TABLE OF CONTENTS | World Events in 1972 Page 2 Famous Births in 1972 Page 14 Deaths in 1972 Page 17 World Population Page 19 Cost of Living in 1972 Page 20 1972 Nobel Prize Winners Page 22 1972 Film Awards Page 24 Films Released in 1972 Page 26 1972 Sporting Achievements Page 28 1972 Top Television Programmes Page 33 1972 Music Facts and News Page 34 Eurovision Song Contest 1972 Page 36 | 1

2: JANUARY 1972 | 1st January – Kurt Waldheim becomes Secretary General of the United Nations. 4th January - The first scientific hand-held calculator, the HP-35 is introduced in the United States at a price of $395. 5th January - US President, Richard Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle programme. 7th January - An Iberian Airlines passenger plane crashes into a 250-meter peak on the island of Ibiza, killing 104 passengers. 9th January – Coal miners begin a strike which lasts for seven weeks, including picketing of Saltley coke depot in Birmingham. 9th January - The RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbour. 14th January - Queen Margrethe II of Denmark succeeds her father, King Frederick IX, on the throne of Denmark. 22nd January – Britain officially joins the European Economic Community. 24th January - Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi is discovered in Guam after spending 28 years hiding in the jungle. 26th January - Yugoslavian air stewardess, Vesna Vulovi is the only survivor when her plane crashes in Czechoslovakia. She survives after falling 33,330 feet in the tail section of the aircraft. 30th January – Fourteen people are killed when British troops open fire on unarmed nationalist civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland on 'Bloody Sunday'. 30th January - Pakistan withdraws from the British Commonwealth. | A HP-35 calculator | Bloody Sunday | 2

3: FEBRUARY 1972 | 2nd February – Anti-British protesters burn down the British Embassy and several British-owned businesses in Dublin, Ireland. 9th February – A state of emergency is declared in Britain as a result of the miners' strike. 17th February - Volkswagen Beetle sales exceed those of the Ford Model-T when the 15,007,034th Beetle is produced. 21st February - The Soviet unmanned spaceship Luna 20 lands on the Moon. 21st February - US President Richard Nixon begins an unprecedented 8-day visit to the People's Republic of China and meets with Mao Zedong. 22nd February - An IRA bomb kills 7 people in Aldershot, England. 24th February - North Vietnamese negotiators walk out of the Paris Peace Talks to protest US air raids. 25th February – The miners' strike ends after seven weeks. 28th February - The Asama-Sanso incident ends in a standoff between 5 members of the Japanese United Red Army and the authorities, in which 2 policemen are killed and 12 injured. | Luna 20 | President Nixon meets Mao Zedong in China | 3

4: MARCH 1972 | 1st March - The Thai province Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani Province. 2nd March - The Pioneer 10 spacecraft is launched from Cape Kennedy, U.S.A. to become the first man-made satellite to leave the solar system. 4th March - Libya and the U.S.S.R. sign a cooperation treaty. 13th March - The United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China elevate diplomatic exchanges to the ambassadorial level after 22 years. 19th March - India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty. 21st March – Conservative Chancellor Anthony Barber announces a tax reduction of 1.2 millions pounds in the U.K. Budget. 24th March - The British government announces the prorogation of the Parliament of Northern Ireland and the introduction of 'Direct Rule' of Northern Ireland, after the Unionist government refuses to cede security powers. 25th March - "Apres Toi" sung by Vicky Leandros, with music by Klaus Munro & Mario Panas and lyrics by Klaus Munro & Yves Dessca. wins the Eurovision Song Contest for Luxembourg. 26th March – The U.K.'s last trolleybus system, in Bradford, closes. 30th March – The Parliament of Northern Ireland is officially suspended. | One of the last trolleybuses, in Bradford | 4 | "Apres Toi" by Vicky Leandros

5: APRIL 1972 | 1st April – William Whitelaw is appointed as the first Northern Ireland Secretary. 10th April - The U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. join some 70 nations in signing the Biological Weapons Convention, an agreement to ban biological warfare. 10th April - A 7.0 Richter scale earthquake kills 5,000 people in the Iranian province of Fars. 10th April - The 44th Annual Academy Awards are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. 13th April - The Universal Postal Union decides to recognize the People's Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative, effectively expelling the Republic of China administering Taiwan. 16th April - Apollo 16 is launched to the moon. During the mission, astronauts John Young, Ken Mattingly and Charlie Duke achieve a lunar rover speed record of 18 km/h. 17th April - The Boston marathon takes place with women participants permitted for the first time. 19th April – A report into the Bloody Sunday shootings by the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Widgery, exonerates the British troops of blame because the demonstration had been illegal. 30th April - The Brighton Belle Pullman car train makes its last journey from London to Brighton. | 5 | John Young in the lunar rover vehicle during the Apollo 16 moon mission in April 1972 | William Whitelaw

6: MAY 1972 | 2nd May – A fire in a silver mine in Idaho, U.S.A. kills 91. 5th May - An Alitalia DC-8 aeroplane crashes west of Palermo, Sicily, killing 115. 13th May - A fire in a nightclub atop the Sennichi department store in Osaka, Japan, kills 115. 15th May - Okinawa is returned to Japan after 27 years of U.S. Military occupation. 16th May - The first financial derivatives exchange, the International Monetary Market (IMM), opens on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. 18th May - Four troopers of both SAS and SBS are parachuted onto the RMS Queen Elizabeth II, 1,000 miles off Britain in the Atlantic, after a bomb threat and ransom demand, which turns out to be bogus. 24th May – The final stretch of the M6 motorway opens between junctions 6 (Spaghetti Junction) and 7 north of Birmingham, with the fully operational motorway stretching more than 200 miles from Rugby to Carlisle, more than a decade after the first sections were opened. 24th May - The Magnavox Odyssey video game system is first demoed, marking the dawn of the video game age. It eventually goes on sale to the public in August. 28th May - Edward, Duke of Windsor, dies of cancer in France at the age of 77, 35 years after his abdication as king. 30th May - The Irish Republican Army declares a cease fire in Northern Ireland. 30th May - Three Japanese Red Army members kill 24 and injure 100 in Lod Airport, Israel. | 6 | Gravelly Hill Interchange, better known as 'Spaghetti Junction' | The Magnavox Odyssey video game system

7: JUNE 1972 | 1st June – Hotels and boarding houses in Britain require certification under the Fire Precautions Act 1971. 5th June - The funeral of Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor takes place at Windsor Castle. 8th June - Seven men and 3 women hijack a plane from Czechoslovakia to West Germany. 9th June - The Black Hills flood kills 238 in South Dakota, U.S.A. 16th June - 108 die as two passenger trains hit the debris of a collapsed railway tunnel near Soissons, France. 17th June - Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarising the offices of the Democratic National Committee as part of the Watergate Scandal in America. 18th June - British European Airways Flight 548 crashes near Staines in Surrey. 118 people are killed, making it the UK's worst air disaster at this date. The only two survivors are both dead by the time they reach hospital. 23rd June - U.S. President Richard Nixon and White House chief of staff, H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the C.I.A. to obstruct the F.B.I.'s investigation into the Watergate break-ins. 26th June - Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney co-found Atari, Inc.. 28th June - U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam. 30th June - An extra leap second (23:59:60) is added to end the month. | The Staines air disaster | Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney co-found Atari | 7

8: JULY 1972 | 1st July - The Canadian yacht Vega, flying the Greenpeace III banner, collides with the French naval minesweeper La Paimpolaise while in international waters, to protest French nuclear weapon tests in the South Pacific. 1st July – The first official gay pride march in London is held. 2nd July - Following Pakistan's surrender to India in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, both nations sign the historic Simla Agreement, agreeing to settle their disputes bilaterally. 7th July – Jason William James Pike is born. 18th July - Anwar Sadat expels 20,000 Soviet advisors from Egypt. 21st July - Nine people die and over a hundred are injured in a series of IRA explosions in Belfast city centre. 21st July - A collision between two trains near Sevilla, Spain kills 76 people. 23rd July - The United States launches Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite. 28th July - A strike by thousands of dockers leads to the government announcing a state of emergency on 4th August. 31st July - Three car bombs in Claudy, County Londonderry, kill nine. It becomes public knowledge only in 2010 that a local Catholic priest who was an IRA officer was believed to be involved in the bombings but his role was covered up by the authorities. | The Canadian yacht, Vega | Egyptian President Anwar Sadat | 8

9: AUGUST 1972 | 4th August - A huge solar flare (one of the largest ever recorded) knocks out cable lines in U.S. It begins with the appearance of sunspots on 2nd August and kicks off high levels of activity between 4th and 10th August. 6th August – Idi Amin, dictator of Uganda, announces that 50,000 Asians with British passports are to be expelled from Uganda to Britain within the next three months as they are "sabotaging the Ugandan economy". 9th August - The Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber musical "Jesus Christ Superstar" makes its West End debut. 10th August - A brilliant, daytime meteor skips off the Earth's atmosphere due to an Apollo asteroid streaking over the western U.S. into Canada. 12th August - The last U.S. ground troops are withdrawn from Vietnam. 14th August - An East German Ilyushin airliner crashes near East Berlin. All 156 on board perish. 16th August - As part of a coup attempt, members of the Royal Moroccan Air Force fire upon, but fail to bring down, Hassan II of Morocco's plane while he is traveling back to Rabat. 26th August - The 1972 Summer Olympic Games begin in Munich, West Germany. | Idi Amin | "Jesus Christ Superstar" | 9

10: SEPTEMBER 1972 | 1st September - Bobby Fischer defeats Boris Spassky in a chess match in Reykjavík, Iceland, becoming the first American to be world chess champion. 5th - 6th September - Eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich are murdered after 8 members of the Arab terrorist group, Black September invade the Olympic Village. 5 guerillas and 1 policeman are also killed in a failed hostage rescue. 10th September - The Brazilian driver Emerson Fittipaldi wins the Italian Grand Prix in Monza to become the youngest Formula One World Champion. 11th September – First broadcast of the BBC quiz programme, "Mastermind". 12th September - The sinking of two British trawlers by an Icelandic gunboat triggers the second 'Cod War'. 13th September - Hypermarkets make their debut in the U.K. when French retail giant, Carrefour opens a hypermarket in Caerphilly, South Wales. 14th September - West Germany and Poland renew diplomatic relations. 19th September - A parcel bomb sent to the Israeli Embassy in London kills 1 diplomat. 21st September - Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos issues Proclamation No. 1081[6] placing the entire country under martial law. 24th September - An F-86 fighter aircraft leaving an air show at Sacramento Executive Airport in California, U.S.A. fails to become airborne and crashes into an ice cream parlour, killing 12 children and 11 adults. 25th November - A referendum in Norway results in a rejection of membership into the European Economic Community. | 10

11: OCTOBER 1972 | 1st October - Alex Comfort's bestselling manual, "The Joy of Sex" is published. 2nd October - Denmark joins the European Community. 6th October - A train crash in Saltillo, Mexico kills 208 people. 10th October – John Betjeman is appointed Poet Laureate. 12th October - En route to the Gulf of Tonkin, a racial riot involving more than 200 sailors breaks out aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk. Nearly 50 sailors are injured. 13th October - Bank rates are abolished and replaced with the Minimum Lending Rate. 13th October - Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 ransporting a rugby union team crashes at about 14,000 feet in the Andes mountain range, near the Argentina/Chile border. Sixteen of the survivors are found alive on 20th December but they have had to resort to cannibalism to survive. 16th October - The first episode of rural Yorkshire soap opera, "Emmerdale Farm" airs at midday on ITV. 17th October - Queen Elizabeth II visits Yugoslavia. 22nd October - Gordon Banks, the England national football team goalkeeper, suffers a serious eye injury in a car crash in Staffordshire. 23rd October - Access credit cards are introduced in the U.K. 25th October - Susan Lynn Roley and Joanne E. Pierce become the first female members of the FBI in the United States. 29th October - The Black September group hijacks a Lufthansa Boeing 727 over Turkey, demanding the release of 3 comrades still held for the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Olympic Games. 30th October - A commuter train collision in Chicago, U.S.A. kills 45 and injures hundreds. | 11

12: NOVEMBER 1972 | 6th November – The government introduces price and pay freezes to counter inflation. 7th November - In the U.S. presidential election, Republican incumbent Richard Nixon defeats Democratic Senator, George McGovern in a landslide. The election had the lowest voter turnout since 1948, with only 55 percent of the electorate voting. 14th November - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 (1,003.16) for the first time. 19th November - Seán Mac Stíofáin, a leader of the Provisional IRA, is arrested in Dublin after giving an interview to RTÉ Television. 28th November - The last executions in France take place in Paris when Roger Bontems and Claude Buffet are guillotined at La Sante Prison by chief executioner Andre Obrecht. Bontems had been found innocent of murder by the court, but as Buffet's accomplice was condemned to death anyway. President Georges Pompidou, in private an abolitionist, upheld both death sentences in deference to French public opinion. 29th November - Atari kicks off the first generation of video games with the release of their seminal arcade version of "Pong", the first game to achieve commercial success. 29th November - The "Mellow Yellow" tea house opens on the Amstel River in Amsterdam, pioneering the legal sale of cannabis in the Netherlands. 30th November - White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning United States troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000. 30th November - British Foreign Secretary, Sir Alec Douglas-Home says that Royal Navy ships will be stationed to protect British trawlers off Iceland as the "Cod War" continues. | 12

13: 2nd December – Edward Gough Whitlam becomes the first Labour Party Prime Minister of Australia for 23 years. He is sworn in on 5th December and his first action using executive power is to withdraw all Australian personnel from the Vietnam War. 7th December - Apollo 17, the last manned Moon mission to date, is launched. 8th December - United Airlines Boeing 737 from Washington National to Chicago Midway crashes short of the runway, killing 43 of 61 passengers and 2 people on the ground. 16th December - The Portuguese army kills 400 Africans in Tete, Mozambique. 22nd December - Two small earthquakes are felt at about 9:30 and 10:15 local time in Managua, Nicaragua. 22nd December - Australia establishes diplomatic relations with China and West Germany. 23rd December - A 6.25 Richter scale earthquake in Nicaragua kills 5,000–12,000 people in the capital, Managua. President Somoza is later accused of pocketing millions of dollars worth of foreign aid intended for relief. 24th December - Swedish Prime minister Olof Palme compares the American bombings of North Vietnam to Nazi massacres. The U.S. breaks diplomatic contact with Sweden. 25th December - The Christmas bombing of North Vietnam causes widespread criticism of the U.S. and President Richard Nixon. 29th December - Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 crashes into the Everglades in Florida, U.S.A., killing 101 of 176 onboard. 31st December - An extra leap second (23:59:60) is added to end the year. | DECEMBER 1972 | 13

14: 1972 BIRTHS | JANUARY: 1st - Lilian Thuram, French footballer 11th - Amanda Peet, American actress 13th - Nicola Eggert, American actress 15th - Claudia Winkleman, British TV presenter 27th - Mark Owen, British singer (Take That) | FEBRUARY: 11th - Steve McManaman - British footballer 17th - Billie Joe Armstrong - American singer, musician and songwriter (Green Day) | MARCH: 3rd - Darren Anderton, English footballer 17th - Mia Hamm, American women's footballer 23rd - Joe Calzaghe, Welsh boxer 27th - Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink, Dutch footballer | Mark Owen | APRIL: 8th - Ariel Hernandez, Cuban boxer 16th - Conchita Martínez, Spanish tennis player 17th - Jennifer Garner, American actress 20th - Carmen Electra, American actress | Billie Joe Armstrong | Joe Calzaghe | Jennifer Garner | 14

15: MAY: 2nd - The Rock (Dwayne Johnson), American professional wrestler and actor 8th - Darren Hayes, Australian singer (Savage Garden) 19th - Jenny Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base) 20th - Busta Ryhmes, American rapper 21st - The Notorious B.I.G. (Christopher Wallace), American rapper (d. 9th March 1997) | JUNE: 4th - Debra Stephenson, English actress 7th - Karl Urban, New Zealand actor 23rd - Zinedine Zidane, French footballer | JULY: 4th - Alexei Shirov, Spanish chess Grandmaster 7th - Lisa Leslie, American basketball player 8th - Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer 10th - Sofía Vergara - Columbian actress and model. 21st - Catherine Ndereba, Kenyan long-distance runner | AUGUST: 6th - Geri Halliwell, British singer (The Spice Girls) 7th - Sarah Cawood, British television presenter 15th - Mikey Graham, Irish singer (Boyzone) 15th - Ben Affleck, American actor 16th - Frankie Boyle, Scottish comedian 30th - Cameron Diaz, American actress 31st - Chris Tucker, American actor | The Rock | Zinedine Zidane | Lisa Leslie | Frankie Boyle | 15

16: SEPTEMBER: 8th - Os du Randt, South African rugby player 9th - Natasha Kaplinsky, British newsreader 15th - Jimmy Carr, British comedian 21st - Liam Gallagher, British singer (Oasis, Beady Eye) 27th - Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress | OCTOBER: 17th - Eminem (Marshall Mathers), American rapper 27th - Lee Clark, English footballer 28th - Brad Paisley, American country singer 31st - Matt Dawson, English rugby player and TV personality | NOVEMBER: 1st - Toni Collette - Australian actress 1st - Jenny McCarthy - American model and actress 2nd - Samantha Womack - British actress 6th - Thandie Newton - British actress 6th - Rebecca Romijn - American actress and model | DECEMBER: 22nd - Vanessa Paradis - French model and singer 27th - Colin Charvis - Welsh rugby player 29th - Jude Law - British actor 31st - Joey McIntyre - American singer (New Kids On The Block) | Eminem | Jenny McCarthy | Jude Law | 16 | Gwyneth Paltrow

17: 1972 DEATHS | JANUARY: 1st - Maurice Chevalier, French actor, singer and entertainer (b. 1888) 6th - Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (b. 1901) 14th - King Frederick IX of Denmark (b. 1899) 24th - Jerome Cowan, American actor (b.1897) FEBRUARY: 7th- Walter Lang, American film director (b. 1896) 19th - John Grierson, Scottish documentary filmmaker (b. 1898) 22nd - Tedd Pierce, American animator (b. 1906) MARCH: 13th - Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941) 29th - J. Arthur Rank, British industrialist and film producer (b. 1888) APRIL: 4th - Stefan Wolpe, German-born composer (b. 1902) 25th - George Sanders, British actor (American singer b. 1906) 28th - King Edward VIII, former United Kingdom monarch (b. 1884) MAY: 2nd - J. Edgar Hoover, American Federal Bureau of Investigation director (b. 1895) 22nd - Margaret Rutherford, English actress (b. 1892) JUNE: 13th - Clyde McPhatter, American singer (b. 1932) | Maurice Chevalier | King Edward VIII | 17 | Margaret Rutherford

18: JULY: 6th - Brandon de Wilde, American actor (b. 1942) 7th - King Talal, King of Jordan (b. 1909) AUGUST: 26th - Sir Francis Chichester, British sailor and aviator (b. 1901) SEPTEMBER: 15th - Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1887) 26th - Robert E. Dolan, American composer (b. 1906) OCTOBER: 1st- Louis Leakey, British paleontologist (b. 1903) 5th - Ivan Yefremov, Soviet paleontologist and science fiction author (b. 1907) 16th - Leo G. Carroll, English actor (b. 1886) NOVEMBER: 5th - Reginald Owen (b. 1887) 25th - Henri Marie Coand, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (b. 1886) DECEMBER: 6th - Janet Munro, British actress (b. 1934) 24th - Charles Atlas, Italian-American strongman and sideshow performer (b. 1892) 26th - Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States of America (b. 1884) | King Talal | Ivan Yefremov | Reginald Owen | 18

19: World Population | 1972 2012 Africa 357,283,000 1,033,000,000 Asia 2,143,118,000 4,167,000,000 Europe 655,855,000 733,000,000 Latin America 284,856,,000 589,000,000 North America 231,937,000 352,000,000 Oceania 19,443,000 36,000,000 WORLD 3,692,492,000 6,909,000,000 | 19

20: Average Cost of | Yearly inflation rate - 3.27% House - 5,975 pounds Gallon of petrol - 13 pence Pint of beer - 14 pence British rump steak - 1.25 pounds per kg Lamb loin (imported) - 60 pence per kg Ham (cooked and sliced) - 1.20 pounds per kg Bacon - 75 pence per kg Pork sausages - 44 pence per kg Cod fillets - 50 pence per kg Flour - 10 pence per kg White loaf of bread (unsliced) - 11 pence per 800g | 20

21: Sugar (granulated) - 10 pence per kg Milk (pasteurised) - 8 pence per pint Imported butter - 12pence per 250g Cheddar Cheese - 43 pence per kg Eggs (65-70g) - 26 pence per dozen Carrots - 9 pence per kg Onions - 13 pence per kg Tomatoes - 34 pence per kg Apples - 21 pence per kg Bananas - 19 pence per kg Coffee (pure, instant) - 25 pence per 100g | Living in 1972 | 21

22: PHYSICS: John Bardeen (USA), Leon Cooper (USA) and John Schrieffer (USA) - For their combined work in developing the BCS theory, the first successful microscopic theory of superconductivity. | John Bardeen | Leon Cooper | CHEMISTRY: Christian B. Anfinsen (USA), Stanford Moore (USA) and William H. Stein (USA) - For their combined work on ribonuclease, especially concerning the connection between the amino acid sequence and the biologically active conformation. | John Schrieffer | MEDICINE: Rodney Porter (UK) and Gerald Edelman (USA) - For their combined work on discovering the structure of antibody molecules in the immune system. | Christian B. Anfinsen | Stanford Moore | William H. Stein | 1972 Nobel Prize Winners | 22

23: LITERATURE: Heinrich Boll (West Germany) - Boll was born into a pacifist family that later opposed the rise of Nazism. He refused to join the Hitler Youth during the 1930s and was deeply affected by the Nazi takeover of Cologne, as they essentially exiled him in his own town. His works have been dubbed "Trümmerliteratur"—the literature of the rubble. He was a leader of the German writers who tried to come to grips with the memory of the War, the Nazis, and the Holocaust—and the guilt that came with them. His books' villains are the authority figures in government, business, and in the Church, whom he castigates, sometimes humourously, sometimes acidly, for what he perceived as their conformism, lack of courage, self-satisfied attitude and abuse of power. His simple style made him a favourite for German-language textbooks. | Heinrich Boll | ECONOMICS: John Hicks (UK) and Kenneth Arrow (USA) - For their joint pioneering contribution to the general equilibrium theory and welfare theory. | The Last Honour of Katharina Blumf by Heinrich Boll | PEACE: No prize awarded. | 23

24: FILM AWARDS | Academy Awards - 1972 | Best Picture: "The French Connection" 20th Century Fox | Best Actor: Gene Hackman "The French Connection" | Best Actress: Jane Fonda "Klute" | Best Director: William Friedkin "The French Connection" | Best Supporting Actor: Ben Johnson "The Last Picture Show" | Best Foreign Language Film: "The Garden of the Finzi-Continis" Directed by Vittorio De Sica (Italy) | Best Supporting Actress: Cloris Leachman "The Last Picture Show" | 24

25: Golden Globe Awards - 1972 | Best Picture: "The Godfather" Best Actor: Marlon Brando - "The Godfather" Best Actress: Liv Ullmann - "The Emigrants" | Drama: | Musical or Comedy: | Best Picture: "Cabaret" Best Actor: Jack Lemmon - "Avanti!" Best Actress: Liza Minnelli - "Cabaret" | Best Director: Francis Ford Coppola - "The Godfather" | Cannes Film Festival (Palme d'Or) - 1972 | "La classe operaia va in paradiso", Directed by Elio Petri (Italy) and "Il Caso Mattei", directed by Francesco Rosi (Italy) | 25

26: Films Released in 1972 | - Antony & Cleopatra - Avanti! - The Big Bird Cage - Boxcar Bertha - Butterflies Are Free - Cabaret - The Candidate - Carry On Matron - Conquest Of The Planet Of The Apes - The Cowboys - A Day In The Death Of Joe Egg - Deep Throat - Deliverance - Endless Night - Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Sex (But Were Afraid To Ask) - Fist Of Fury - The Getaway - The Godfather - Godzilla v.s Gigan - Henry VIII And His Six Wives - Images - Joe Kidd - Kansas City Bomber - Lady Sings The Blues - Last Tango In Paris - The Mechanic - Mutiny On The Buses - The New Centurions - The Offence - The Other Side Of The Underneath - Pocket Money - The Poseidon Adventure - Pulp - The Ruling Class - Savage Messiah - Skyjacked - Sleuth - Steptoe And Son - Super Fly | 26

27: - Tales From The Crypt - Treasure Island - Ulzana's Raid - Under Milk Wood - Vampire Circus - Way Of The Dragon - What's Up, Doc? - Young Winston | 27

28: Sporting achievements of 1972 | SNOOKER | World Championships - Alex Higgins (N. Ireland) 37 - 32 John Spencer (England) | TENNIS | Wimbledon Men's Singles - Stan Smith (USA) beats Ilie Nastase (Romania) 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 4–6, 7–5 | Wimbledon Women's Singles - Billie Jean King (USA) beats Evonne Goolagong (Australia) 6-3, 6-3 | HORSE RACING | Grand National Steeplechase - won by "Well To Do" ridden by G. Thorner The Derby - won by "Roberto" ridden by Lester Piggott | Alex Higgins | 28

29: FOOTBALL | English League Division 1 Winners - Derby County | (Top scorer - Francis Lee of Manchester City with 33 goals) | English League Division 2 Winners - Norwich City | English League Division 3 Winners - Aston Villa | English League Division 4 Winners - Grimsby Town | F.A. Cup Final - Leeds United 1 - 0 Arsenal | League Cup Final - Stoke City 2 - 1 Chelsea | Footballer of the Year - Gordon Banks of Stoke City | Ronnie Radford scores a goal from 30 yards to help seal a shock 2-1 victory for Hereford United over Newcastle United at Edgar Street in a Third Round F.A. Cup replay on 5th February. | Gordon Banks | 29

30: FOOTBALL | Scottish League Division 1 Winners - Celtic | (Cont.) | (Top scorer - Joseph Harper of Aberdeen with 33 goals) | Scottish League Division 2 Winners - Dumbarton | Scottish Cup Final - Celtic 6 - 1 Hibernian | Scottish League Cup Final - Partick Thistle 4 - 1 Celtic | European Footballer of the Year - Franz Beckenbauer of Bayern Munich and West Germany | Franz Beckenbauer | 30 | UEFA Cup Final - 1st Leg - Wolverhampton Wanderers (England) 1 - 2 Tottenham Hotspur (England) 2nd Leg - Tottenham Hotspur (England) 1 -1 Wolverhampton Wanderers (England) Tottenham Hotspur win on 3-2 aggregate

31: European Cup Final - Ajax (Holland) 2 - 0 Inter Milan (Italy) Final staged in Rotterdam, Holland. Attendance 61,354. | European Cup-Winners' Cup Final - Rangers (Scotland) 3 - 2 Dynamo Moscow (U.S.S.R.) Final staged in Barcelona, Spain. Attendance 24,701. | UEFA European Football Championships' Final (Euro '72) - West Germany 3 - 0 U.S.S.R. Final staged in the Heysel Stadium, Brussels, Belgium. Attendance 43,437. | 31 | Glasgow Rangers European Cup Winners' Cup Champions

32: RUGBY | Rugby League Winners - Leeds Challenge League Final - St. Helens 16 - 13 Leeds Five Nations Winners - Wales (6 points) Rugby League World Cup Winners - Great Britain (6 points) Host Nation - France | XX SUMMER OLYMPIC GAMES | Hosted by Munich, West Germany 124 nations participating, comprising of 7170 athletes taking part in 195 events in 23 individual sports. Most Gold Medals - U.S.S.R. (50) Most Medals in Total - U.S.S.R. (99) | 32 | XI WINTER OLYMPIC GAMES | Hosted by Sapporo, Japan. 35 nations participating, comprising of 1006 athletes taking part in 35 events in 6 individual sports. Most Gold Medals - U.S.S.R. (8) Most Medals in Total - U.S.S.R. (16)

33: Top Television Programmes of 1972 | 1. The Eurovision Song Contest (BBC) 2. This Is Your Life (ITV) 3. Miss World 1972 (BBC) 4. Steptoe and Son (BBC) 5. Love Thy Neighbour (ITV) 6. Till Death Do Us Part (BBC) 7. Coronation Street (ITV) 8. A Family at War (ITV) 9. Public Eye (ITV) 10. Opportunity Knocks (ITV) 11. The Benny Hill Show (ITV) 12. On The Buses (ITV) 13. The Strauss Family (ITV) 14. Suspicion (ITV) 15. Bless This House (ITV) 16. News at Ten (ITV) 17. The Persuaders (ITV) 18. Football: England v. West Germany (BBC) 19. The Nine O'Clock News (BBC) 20. Carry On Christmas (ITV) | Miss World 1972 | 33 | The Benny Hill Show | On The Buses

34: 1972 U.K. Singles Chart - Number Ones: | Best Selling Single of 1972: "Amazing Grace" by The Pipes & Drums and Military Band of The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards | Music News: | - "Apres Toi" (French for "After You") sung by Vicky Leandros, with music by Klaus Munro & Mario Panas and lyrics by Klaus Munro & Yves Dessca. wins the Eurovision Song Contest for Luxembourg in Edinburgh, Scotland. Leandros also recorded the song in English ("Come What May"), Italian ("Dopo Te"), German ("Dann kamst du"), Spanish ("Y Despues"), Greek ("Mono Esi") and Japanese ("Omoide Ni Ikiru"). The English version reached No. 2 in the U.K. singles' charts. The U.K. entry to the Eurovision Song Contest, "Beg, Steal or Borrow" by The New Seekers, comes second. - Paul McCartney's new band, Wings, make their live debut at the University of Nottingham in England in February. It's McCartney's first public concert since The Beatles' 1966 US tour. - Diana Ross makes her acting debut in the successful film "Lady Sings the Blues", garnering her first Academy Award nomination for "Best Actress". - James Taylor and Carly Simon are married in a tiny ceremony in Simon's Manhattan apartment. | 34 | 11th Dec 1971 (for 4 weeks) "Ernie (The Fastest Milkman In The West)" - BENNY HILL 8th Jan (for 4 weeks) "I'd Like To Teach The World To Sing" - THE NEW SEEKERS 5th Feb (for 2 weeks) "Telegram Sam" - T. REX 19th Feb (for 3 weeks) "Son Of My Father" - CHICORY TIP 11th Mar (for 5 weeks) "Without You" - NILSSON 15th Apr (for 5 weeks) "Amazing Grace" - THE PIPES & DRUMS AND MILITARY BAND OF THE ROYAL SCOTS DRAGOON GUARDS 20th May (for 4 weeks) "Metal Guru" - T. REX 17th June (for 2 weeks) "Vincent" - DON McLEAN 1st July (for 1 week) "Take Me Bak 'Ome" - SLADE 8th July (for 5 weeks) "Puppy Love" - DONNY OSMOND 12th Aug (for 3 weeks) "School's Out" - ALICE COOPER 2nd Sept (for 1 week) "You Wear It Well" - ROD STEWART 9th Sept (for 3 weeks) "Mama Weer All Crazee Now" - SLADE 30th Sept (for 2 weeks) "How Can I Be Sure?" - DAVID CASSIDY 14th Oct (for 4 weeks) "Mouldy Old Dough" - LIEUTENANT PIGEON 11th Nov (for 2 weeks) "Clair" - GILBERT O'SULLIVAN 25th Nov (for 4 weeks) "My Ding-A-Ling" - CHUCK BERRY 23rd Dec (for 5 weeks) "Long Haired Lover From Liverpool" - LITTLE JIMMY OSMOND

35: 1972 U.K. Albums Chart - Number Ones: | Best Selling Album of 1972: "20 Dynamic Hits" by Various Artists (K-Tel) | Music News (Continued): | - Notable albums released this year include "Paul Simon" by Paul Simon, "Slade Alive!" by Slade, "Exile On Main Street" by The Rolling Stones, "Honky Chateau" by Elton John, "The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and The Spiders from Mars" by David Bowie, "Roxy Music" by Roxy Music, "Never A Dull Moment" by Rod Stewart, "Transformer" by Lou Reed, "Hot August Night" by Neil Diamond, "A Song Fpr You" by The Carpenters, "The Slider" by T. Rex, and "Eagles" by The Eagles. - Groups established in this year include ABBA, Sister Sledge, Steely Dan, Styx, Twisted Sister, Van Halen and Wizzard. - Groups that disbanded in this year include Creedence Clearwater Revival, Martha and The Vandellas, MC5, Them, and The Velvet Underground. - L.A. disc jockey Robert W. Morgan plays Donny Osmond's "Puppy Love" non-stop for 90 minutes. Police are called, but no arrests are made. - Elvis and Priscilla Presley separate after nearly five years of marriage. | 35 | 18th Dec 1971 (for 6 weeks) "Electric Warrior" - T. REX 29th Jan (for 1 week) "Concert For Bangladesh" - GEORGE HARRISON & FRIENDS 5th Feb (for 2 weeks) "Electric Warrior" - T. REX 19th Feb (for 3 weeks) "Neil Reid" - NEIL REID 11th Mar (for 1 weeks) "Harvest" - NEIL YOUNG 18th Mar (for 1 week) "Paul Simon" - PAUL SIMON 25th Mar (for 4 weeks) "Fog On The Tyne" - LINDISFARNE 6th May (for 1 week) "Prophets, Seers And Sages The Angels Of The Ages / My People Were Fair And Had Sky In Their Hair But Now They're Content To Wear Stars On Their Brows" - TYRANASAURUS REX 13th May (for 1 week) "Machine Head" - DEEP PURPLE 20th May (for 3 weeks) "Bolan Boogie" - T. REX 10th June (for 1 week) "Exile On Main Street" - THE ROLLING STONES 17th June (for 8 weeks) "20 Dynamic Hits" - VARIOUS ARTISTS (K-Tel) 12th Aug (for 5 weeks) "20 Fantastic Hits" - VARIOUS ARTISTS (Arcade) 16th Sept (for 2 weeks) "Never A Dull Moment" - ROD STEWART 30th Sept (for 1 week) "20 Fantastic Hits" - VARIOUS ARTISTS (Arcade) 7th Oct (for 8 weeks) "20 All Time Hits Of The 50's" - VARIOUS ARTISTS (K-Tel) 2nd Dec (for 3 weeks) "25 Rockin' And Rollin' Greats" - VARIOUS ARTISTS (K-Tel) 23rd Dec (for 3 weeks) "20 All Time Hits Of The 50's" - VARIOUS ARTISTS (K-Tel)

36: 36 | Final Date: 25th March 1972 Venue: Usher Hall, Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K. Presenter: Moira Shearer Conductor: Malcolm Lockyer | 1st - Luxembourg (128 points) Vicky Leandros - "Apres toi" 2nd - United Kingdom (114 points) The New Seekers - "Beg, Steal or Borrow" 3rd - Germany (107 points) Mary Roos - "Nur die Liebe lasst uns leben" 4th - Netherlands (106 points) Sandra and Andres - "Als het om de liefde gaat" 5th - Austria (100 points) Milestones - "Falter im Wind" 6th - Italy (92 points) Nicola di Bari - "I giorni dell'arcobaleno" 7th - Portugal (90 points) Carlos Mendes - "A festa da vida" 8th - Switzerland (88 points) Véronique Müller - "C'est la chanson de mon amour" 9th - Yugoslavia (87 points) Tereza Kesovija - "Muzika i ti" 10th - Spain (83 points) Jaime Morey - "Amanece"

37: Participating Countries Countries who have participated in the past but did not this year | 376 | 11th - France (81 points) Betty Mars - "Comé-comédie" 12th - Finland (78 points) Paivi Paunu & Kim Floor - "Muistathan" 13th - Sweden (75 points) Family Four - "Hrliga sommardag" 14th - Norway (73 points) Grethe Kausland & Benny Borg - "Smating" 15th - Ireland (72 points) Sandie Jones - "Ceol an Ghrá" 16th - Monaco (65 points) Anne-Marie Godart & Peter MacLane - "Comme on s'aime" 17th - Belgium (55 points) Serge & Christine Ghisoland - " La folie ou pas du tout" 18th - Malta (48 points) Helen & Joseph - "L-imabba"

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