S: Immigration and the Urban World
FC: Immigration and the Urban World | Jake Kaltenberger
1: The Russian immigrants that began settling in America fell under the category of new immigrants. Many of them came to escape poverty or persecution. | The main reason for the movement of the Russian people was the wave of pogroms in southern Russia against the Jewish community that followed the assassination of Alexander II in 1881. | Russians
2: Research shows that not much later than the 19th century, over half of the Russian people settled in New York and Pennsylvania. They were unskilled, so they had to take low-paid jobs in factories and mines. | One trade union activist, Abraham Cahan, became the leader of this group and persuaded a significant number of people to join the American Socialist Party. Russians also contributed to the development of science and industry. Important figures included the aircraft engineers, Igor Sikorsky and Alexander de Seversky.
3: Italian Immigration | Decades of internal strife had left a legacy of violence, social chaos, and widespread poverty. These were some of the reasons the Italian population considered moving to America. Most of the Italian immigrants were men seeking economic opportunities in the United States that were scarce in their home countries. Many made enough money to return home and buy land. | They scattered all over the New York region, settling in Brooklyn, the Bronx, and nearby towns in New Jersey. | The Italians also started migrating to America in the late 19th Century.
4: For Italians, tenement-living came as a big shock. In New York, they found themselves confined to a claustrophobic indoor living, using the same small room for eating, sleeping, and even working. | The Italians had to deal with a wave of virulent prejudice and nativist hostility. After that though, they were respected for their contributions to our great country. Works by Italian-American authors began appearing in bookstores, the major labor unions soon opened teir doors to immigrant workers, and every aspect of show business, politics, science, and art seemed to have a prominent Italian American.
5: German Immigration | After the year 1800, Germans poured into the United States like never before. Modernization and population growth forced many Germans from their respective family businesses. In the United States, most Germans lived on the countryside. Large quantities of German farmers could be found in the midwest and in Texas. Some even went so far west to California. German businesses such as the lager beer industry came to be. German entrepreneurs such as bakers, butchers, cabinetmakers, cigar makers, distillers, machinists, and tailors also could be found in abundance.
6: The German people were respected just as much as everyone else. They helped keep the country running and brought an exotic, international feel and difference to America. Although they were at peace with Americans, the Germans themselves didn't always get along with eachother. During much of the nineteenth century, divisions among Germans seemed more significant than those between German Americans and other groups. These divisions were based on geography, on ideology, and on religion.
7: Irish Arrival | The Irish people began their immigration to America in about the mid-1840s. One of the main reasons for the Irish immigration was because of the famine that struck their homelands. They were forced to emigrate to the North American region for better living enviroments. Working skills were scarce, and with scarce working skills, the Irish people found scarce jobs. The jobs they did find were low-paid, less than satisfying jobs. The Irish people didn't really do anything specific that imporved or contributed to American culture. They always seemed to be the group that struggled in poverty. They weren't always treated right by the Americans either. A lot of places to work put up signs that said, "No Irish Need Apply".
8: Compare and Contrast | Immigration Then | Immigration Now | - Eviction -Famine (The things above aren't as common now.) | - Running from the police -Persecution and injustice -Unsafe envirmome-nts for living and raising kids. | C O M P A R E | COMPARE - Lack of work - Search of a new start - Better opportunities in America
9: ITALY | RUSSIA | GERMANY | IRELAND
10: Personally, learning about the different stories of the different ethnic immigrations has been interesting. It's cool to know what the people that make up this country dealt with to get here. You begin to appreciate them once you hear their stories. I'm thankful for their immigration. America wouldn't be culturally the same without these people. These peoples' backgrounds and traditions are what help keep our country diverse and interesting. | In My Opinion...
11: THE END