S: The Sotry of the World
FC: The Story of the World | Bhuvanesh Mupiri
1: Table of Contents | 1.Ancient River Valley Civilization (What if Hammurabi did not write his code of laws?) 2.Classical Greece/Rome (What if Rome did not fall?) 3Post-Classical Asia/Africa(What if the Mongols had not opened the Silk Road to safe travels?) 4.Post-Classical (Medieval) Europe(What if Pope Urban II had not launched the Crusades?) 5.Renaissance/Reformation (What if the Catholic Church had been quicker to address Martin Luther?) 6.Enlightenment/Revolutions (What if the Industrial Revolution had begun in Germany or Russia?) 7. World War I (What if the Austrian heir to the throne was not assassinated?) 8.World War II (What if the U.S. had not dropped atomic bombs on Japan?) 9.Cold War (What if the U.S. had not adopted the theory of containment?)
2: Ancient River Valley Civilizations | Once upon a time when humans used to hunt and gather for food something called the Neolithic Revolution occurred this was when humans switched from hunting and gathering to farming. At first there was slash and burn farming where they cut trees or grasses and burnt them to clear the field then they tamed animals for meat and labor this was called domestication. This was done near river valleys where the land was fertile the four early civilizations were the Chinese, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, and the Indus. Civilizations were made up of five parts advanced cities where trading happened, specialized workers who were skilled workers, complex institutions which emerged to maintain order and to establish order, record keeping where people began a form of writing to keep records, and advanced technology where new tools and techniques were used to solve problems.
3: What if Hammurabi did not write his code of laws? | If Hammurabi did not write his code of laws there wouldn't have been a proper law system in Mesopotamia. The Government wouldn't have a responsibility in society. However they would have come up with some kind of law system for people to follow and it probably wouldn't have been so harsh.
4: Classical Greece/Rome | Around 750 B.C. there was a rise of powerful city - states in Greece. The two main states were called Sparta and Athens. Sparta built a military state where the main priority was the military. The Government of Sparta was made up an Assembly and the Council of elders. The education was mainly military training. Athens built a limited Democracy. Athens contrasted with Sparta because they didn't focus on military rather they focused new ideas and Government. Athenians had developed their own style of art, architecture, and drama. However after their war with Sparta they fell. The Macedonian King Phillip II took over Greece and his son Alexander extended the empire from Greece, Egypt, Persia, and Northwest India. In 500 B.C. The Roman empire rose. The Government was a republic but at times of crisis the republic can appoint a dictator. After the republic collapsed Julius Caesar took over as a dictator and after he died his nephew Augustus ruled. After a few hundreds of years Rome fell.
5: What if Rome did not fall? | If Rome had not fell Christianity would have spread faster, then Rome would have expanded however eventually these problems would have occurred later on and they would have fallen anyway.
6: Post Classical Asia/Africa | Around the 200s B.C. Chandragupta Maurya founds the Mauryan Empire in India after him his grandson Ashoka expanded his empire and later on adopted Buddhism and spread the religion throughout his empire and established peace after his death another empire called the Gupta empire rose to power in India. In China Liu Bang founds the Han Dynasty in China during the Han dynasty many important things like paper was invented. During this time the Mongols opened the Silk Road for safer trade routes. In Africa by 500 B.C. the Nok people invented iron tools. Early societies like the Djenne-Djeno were formed in West Africa in East Africa arose a powerful kingdom called the Aksum and they adopted Christianity as their religion.From 500 B.C. to 1500A.D. the Bantu people from West Africa spread to East Africa and spread their language and ideas.
7: What if the Mongols had not opened the Silk Road to safe travels? | If the Mongols hadn't opened the Silk Road to safe travels trade between the Asian Countries and the European Countries wouldn't have opened. Spread of Buddhism would have stalled. There would be a lot less cultural diffusion between Asia and Europe. However some kind of route would have been made by someone because of trade and spread of religion.
8: Post Classical (Medieval Europe) | In Europe the Catholic Church had most of the power. The church determined everyone's lives. This period was called the Middle Ages. In 771 Charlemagne gets crowned as the king of the Frankish kingdom by the pope. After him his heirs divided the kingdom in to three. During this time a political system called Feudalsim under which there was rigid class structure evolved. At the same time a code of chivalry was formed for knights and warriors this was called The Age of Chivalry. Then rose the powerful Holy Roman Empire in Europe during which the Catholic Church had a lot of power during this time there was a lot of clashes between the pope and the rulers. At the same time powerful states like England and France in Western Europe also had problems with the Catholic Church. This Age of Faith also started the Crusades launched by Pope Urban II in order to fight and get the Holy Land from the Muslims however this just increased tensions and as there was Bubonic Plague in Europe which killed a lot of people things only got worse.
9: What if Pope Urban II had not launched the Crusades? | If Pope Urban II had not launched the Crusades so many lives would have been saved . There would have been lesser tensions between Muslims and Christians. Life would have been better. However as there was dislike among Christians and Muslims there would have been some kind of conflict between the two groups.
10: Rennaisance/Reformation | During 1300-1600 was a time where new ideas and beliefs were spread all over Europe this was call ed the Rennaisance. These ideas were called humanist ideas. It started out as an Italian Rennaisance but spread to all over Europe. For example in art there was anew technique called perspective which showed 3 imensional perspective. Some of the rennaisance artists were Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci . One of the most important inventions were the Gutenberg Printing Press. Then a man called Martin Luther started the Reformation which basically means reforming the corrupt Catholic Church and new sect of Christianity called Protestantism was formed.
11: What if the Catholic Church had been quicker to addess Martin Luther? | If the Catholic Church was quicker to identify Martin Luther they would have killed him. However that would only have delayed the Reformation rather than stopping it because someone else would have got angry at the church and started the movement.
12: Enlightenment/ Revolution | By around 1750s new ideas about human society and governemnt spread across Europe. This movement was called the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment caused new revolutionary ideas like democracy and individual rights. There were also many scientific inventions. Some of the famous people of this period were John Locke, Jean Jacque Rousseau, and Isaac Newton. The most successful revolutions during the period were the American and French Revolutions.
13: What if the industrial Revolution begun in Germany or Russia? | If the Industrial Revolution had begun in Germany or Russia it would have been economically good for them however other countries would industrialize themselves so id doesnt make difference.
14: World War I | In 1914 the assassination of the Austrian heir caused the European nations to go into a World War 1. Each country wanted to prove themselves to the world. It was a war between the Allied and Central powers. The two major fronts were the east and west. At first it was trench warfare and nothing really happened until the United States entered in 1917 and fought for the allies and the allies won the war Germany had to pay an expensive price for the war. The war ended with the Treaty of Versailles.
15: What if the Austrian heir to the throne was not assassinated? | Even though the Austrian Heir to the throne wasn't killed Germany would have started the war anyway in order to take over and try to become the strongest nation so it would not have mad a difference.
16: World War II | Adolf Hitler became a powerful ruler in German and started a genocide called the Holocaust. He started the World War II by invading Poland. As the war unfolded Japan bombed Pearl Harbor which led to the United States entering the War. The war was between the Allies and the Axis Powers. The Allies won and Germany surrendered and then Japan was forced to surrender after the U.S. dropped two atomic bombs in Japan.
17: What if the U.S. had not dropped the atomic bombs on Japan? | Even though the U.S. hadn't dropped the atomic bombs on Japan, Japan would have still surrendered later on. However the war would have been fought on U.S. soil and possibly American civilian lives would have been lost
18: Cold War | After World War II the Soviet Union and the United States fought a nonviolent war where each tried to become the world power. They had the Space race to see who reaches space first. The U.S. had a containment policy where they would stop Communism form spreading to the World and that's what caused the Vietnam War. The Cold War ended when the Soviet Union collapsed.
19: What if the U.S. had not adopted the theory of containment? | If the U.S. had not adopted the theory of containment then they would have saved a lot of money. However they would have lost the Cold War because communism would have spread to different places.