FC: History of Rocketry by Billy Hall
1: The earliest solid rocket fuel was a form of gunpowder, saltpeter, sulphur, and charcoal stuffed into a bamboo tube. It was used to frighten evil spirits.
2: Rocket fire-arrows were used as early as 1045. The rockets were huge and powerful. They made noise that resembled thunder and could be heard for 15 miles.
3: The rocket arrived in Europe around 1241 A.D. Rockets appear in Arab literature as early as 1258 A.D. By the 1300's arsenals all over Europe were experimenting with rockets.
4: By 1730 a German field artilery colonel, Christopher Fredrich Von Geissler, was manufacturing rockets weighing 55 to 120 pounds.
5: Sir William Congrieve developed a seres of rockets ranging win weight from 300 to 18 pounds.
6: Rockets came to the New World during the War of 1812. They were again used in the was against Mexico.
7: The first recored use of rockets in the Civil War came on July 3, 1862 when confederate troops used them against union troops at Harrison's Landing.
8: The principal drawback to rockets was the type of fuel. Two young men stand out in this effort--American, Robert Goddard and German, Wernher Von Braun.
9: By the time he died in 1945, Goddard held 214 patents in rocketry. March 16, 1926 Goddard flew the first liquid-fueled rocket in history.
10: By December 1934, Von Braun score his first success with an A2 rocket powered by ethanol and liquid oxygen. The first A4 rocket flew in October 1942--it flew 120 miles.
11: April 1946 Von Braun launched the first V2 rocket in America at White Sands Proving Ground. The U.S. space program was started.
12: Cape Canaveral 1950 was the home of the two stage rockets.
13: Von Braun developed the Super V2 Rocket and launched it in 1956 at the Redstone Arsenal.
14: Many more rockets were developed for long range flights into space. NASA developed the Saturn rockets that propel flights into space.
15: www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/history/rocket-history.htm | Resources