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FC: Asian Religions and Philosophies for Dummies | By Joshua Wiedeman, Tanner Thomson, Mariah Gonzales

1: Religions: Buddhism Hinduism Confucianism

2: Buddhism Origins of Buddhism: Siddhartha Gautama followed the examples of the ascetics, people who practiced self-denial.The abuse of his physical body which almost caused him to die because he didn't eat. Because of this he decided to do intense meditation. He then reached enlightenment the meaning of life.His teachings became the main principles of Buddhism. We do not know if Siddhartha meant to create a new religion or doctrine. People would ask him if he was a god and he would say “No”, then they would ask “An angel?” “No” he replied, “A saint?” “No” Then they would ask “What are you then?” The Buddha replied “I am awake”. The Buddha had thousands of devoted followers. Life of Buddha: The founder of Buddha was Siddhartha Gautama, he was known as the Buddha or “enlightened one”. He came from a small kingdom in the foothills of the Himalaya. He was born around 563 B.C, he was the son of a ruling family. At the age of 16 he married a princess and began to raise a family. At the age of 20 he experienced the pain of illness and what it feels like to lose someone close. He said “Would that sickness,age, and death might be forever bound!”. He decided to look for the cure of human suffering. He left everything he had, to find the true meaning of life. Differences between Buddhism and Hinduism: 1.Hinduism is not founded by any particular prophet. Buddhism was founded by the Buddha. 2.Buddhism believes in the concept of Bodhisattva's. Hinduism does not believe in it. 3.Both religions believe in karma and rebirth, they differ in the manner in which they operate and impact the existence of individual beings. Differences between Buddhism and Hinduism: 1.Hinduism is not founded by any particular prophet. Buddhism was founded by the Buddha. 2.Buddhism believes in the concept of Bodhisattva's. Hinduism does not believe in it. 3.Both religions believe in karma and rebirth, they differ in the manner in which they operate and impact the existence of individual beings. Four Noble Truths: Life means suffering because the human nature is not perfect and neither is the world. The origins of suffering is attachment. The cessation of suffering is attainable. The path to the cessation of suffering.

3: Eightfold Path: 1.Right view. 2.Right envision. 3.Right speech. 4.Right action. 5.Right livelihood. 6. Right effort. 7.Right mindfulness. 8. Right concentration. Role and purpose of meditation: Meditation is really relaxing. It also helps you see life more clear and live for careless and free. Meditation allows you to see life in and opinion and theory free. Meditation is suppose to make you a better person. Main Sects or Branches of Buddhism: First training- Be aware to the destruction going on around you to plants animals and humans. Second training- Be aware of thieves and social injustice. Be generous with your time and help people out that really need it. Third training- Be aware of the sexual misconduct going on around you. Do not engage in sexual relations unless you are in love and in a long term commitment. sumption. Be committed to only ingest things that have peace and add joy to your body. Forth training- Be aware of the words that people say that can cause problems. Always say positive and happy things. Fifth training- Be aware of the unmindful con Worldwide impact of Buddhism: There are 500 million followers of Buddhism today all around the world. Buddhism today: Buddhism today hasn’t really changed it is in Thailand,Japan,China, Nepal, Laos,Cambodia, and alot of other places. It is still practiced in the same way.

4: Hinduism Origins-In the religious beliefs of the Aryan people Vedas-Collections of hymns and religious ceremonies that were passed down orally by Aryan priests then eventually got written down Upanishads-Philosophical texts Epic poetry-Traditionally called Kavya. Ramayana, was originally composed in sanskrit Brahma-Hindu god of creation, Vishnu the persever, Shiva the destroyer Principle of Hindu Gods-The principle is complex and depends on each individual and the tradition and philosophical followed Reincarnation-Is the belief that individual soul is reborn in a different form after death Dharma-Davine law. Law requires people to do their duty. Peoples duty vary depending on their social status. Karma-Force generated by a person’s actions and determines how the person will be reborn in the next life. Meditation and Yoga-a method of training designed to lead to suck union. The goal of yoga is to leave behind earthly life band join Brahma in a kind of dreamless sleep.

5: Caste System-System of social status, and social restriction Where is Hinduism practiced today All around the world, but mostly India and Nepal. Other countries are Bangladesh, Pakistan, US, Great Britain and Trinidad Hinduism is the worlds third largest religion with a billion followers worlds oldest extant religion No founder of Hinduism

6: Confucianism Life of Confucianism - he was born i n 551 BC. He was born in a small feudal state of Lu but they called it shantung province now. Confucius ancestors were probably members of the aristocracy. Confucius father passed away when he was 3 years old. Confucius distinguished himself as a passionate learner in his teens. He was in minor government by posts managing stables also keeping books for granaries. Before he married a lady with the same background when he was 19 years old. No one know who his teachers were but he has a mastery of six arts witch are ritual,music,archery,charioteering,calligraphy and arithmetic. Since he was familiar with classical traditions, like notably and history. This helped him start a teaching career in his 30’s, he developed concepts about education. At 56 he left the country to to attempt to find another feudal state. Than at the age of 67 Confucius finally returned home to tech and preserve his cherish. Confucius died in 479 bx he was 73 years old at the time. His wrote a Lil article bout his life at 15 his mind was set on learning,then at 30 he took his stand, 40 had no delusions, 50 he know the mandate of heaven, 60 his ear attuned,70 his followed his heart with out overstepping the boundaries. Confucianism today- today Confucianism is found in mainland china and Taiwan. Taiwan and Confucianism are mostly alike. it is difficult to distinguish both of them, Taoist and what is Confucianism. both of them are the same ideas like man,society,rulers, heaven, and universe. Confucianism deals with practical and the earthly. Taoism deals with esoteric and heavenly Both beliefs stem traditional. 5 relationships- he set up 5 principal relationships. The relationships were 1.ruler 2. father and son 3.elder bother and youngest brother 4. husband and wife 5. friend and friend they except the last witch involved the authority of one person over another. then the power be longed to superiors over subordinates. that mean the older people over the youngest ones, to me n over women . each of the people have to give obedience and respect to “ superiors” the subject to his ruler. the wife to her husband. then the son to parents and youngest brother to the older brother . the superior however Owens loving responsibility to the inferior. Origins- be came well known after he passed away. In the forth century B.C.E thickets Xunzi && Han Feizi and many people joined to debate about his thoughts. They all added there own ideas. so they changed many things on what he said.

7: Bibliography Buddhism: "Buddhism - The Four Noble Truths, The Eightfold Path, Karma and Meditation Practice." thebigview.com - Pondering the Big Questions. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2011. . Spielvogel, Jackson J.. World history. Columbus, OH: Glencoe/Mcgraw-Hill, 2008. Print. monks, other. "History of Buddhism." My Webspace files. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2011. . century, the seventh, it again regained the popularity, Tibet, Buddhists constitute a majority. This religion is also becoming popular in countries like Australia, America, and United Kingdom.. "Buddhism Religion - Lord Buddha - Buddhism In India - Indian (Luke), Muluken Aseffa. "lukevslife." lukevslife. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2011. . Halifax, Joan. "Shambhala Meditation Group of East Aurora: The Four Noble Truths." Shambhala Meditation Group of East Aurora. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. . Halifax, Joan. "Shambhala Meditation Group of East Aurora: The Four Noble Truths." Shambhala Meditation Group of East Aurora. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. . Hinduism: "Indian Epic Poetry." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 19 Sept. 2011. . "Caste System in India." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 19 Sept. 2011. . "Upanishads." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 19 Sept. 2011. . "Hinduism for Beginners - What Is Hinduism?" About Hinduism - What You Need to Know About Hinduism. Web. 19 Sept. 2011. . "Hinduism." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 19 Sept. 2011. . "New World Conditions Catalyze the Evolution of a New World Spirituality – Part 2 by Dr. Marc Gafni." World Spirituality Based on Integral Principles. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. .

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