BC: Plessy vs Ferguson | Started the era of segregation "equal" but seperate facilities for blacks and whites
FC: U S History Scrapbook
2: France | Giovanni de Verrazano explored the Atlantic coast between Florida and Newfoundland present day New York and New Jersey in 1524 Jacques Cartier sailed the Lawerence River in 1534 | Samuel de Champlain founder of Quebec City first permanent French settlement | La Salle explored the lower Mississippi River | Jacques Marquette explored the Great Lakes
3: Spain | Christopher Columbus sails to present day America 4 times | Francisco Pizarro conquered the Incas of Peru | Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztec in Mexico
4: Portugal | Prince Henry started the first school of exploration that is why he is an explorer also provided money to other explorers Dias sailed around the Southern tip of Africa in 1488 Da Gama sailed to Florida in 1498 | Established colonies up to the 70's
5: Hollanf | Henry Hudson explored the Hudson River | The Dutch purchased the island of present day Manhattan in New York from local Indians for the amount of 24 dollars
6: Great Britain
9: Roanoke Roanoke tried to become the first settlement in the new world. The expedition was led by SIr Walter Raleigh and John White. One month after the settlement the first child to be born in the NewWorld was Virgina Dare grandchild of John White. In 1587 John White had to return to England for emergency provisions. But there was a war going on between France and Britain which stop him from getting back until 3 years. WHen he returned there was no one there abut a word carved in a tree "Croatoan" no one to this day knows what happen to Roanoke.
10: Salem Witch Trials | Salem witch trials started out in the colony of Massachusetts accusing people of committing witch craft it started off as servants then went up to wealthy and well-liked people but then was proved it was all fake.
11: English Civil War | The English Civil happend in 1640 between King Charles I and Parliament. Parliament thought he was going to have to much power so in 1649 the capture him and he is beheaded. After the death of King Charles the Commander in Chief Oliver Cronwell Takes office from 1649-1658 for two years there was no one in charge until King Charles II took over.
12: Mercantilism & Balance of Trade | Mercantilism is the idea of a country getting as much bullion (currency) as possible. Balance of trade is the difference between imports and exports countries want the exports to be higher than their imports.
14: The Triangle Trade was the trading of slaves between the New World, Europe and Africa. The Middle Passage was the journey the slaves took to the New World and Europe from Africa. They were treated highly unfairly they were packed like sardines and were beaten brutally. When they were being sold they put hot tar over their wounds so they wouldnt be visible. | Triangle Trade/ Middle Passage
15: French & Indian War | The French and Indian war was between France and England fighting for the land near the Ohio river the war started in 1754 and ended in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris. The French joined forces with the Indians ands they learned to fight "dirty" a style of fighting the British is not use to and caught them off-guard. But the British adjust their fighting style and won the French territory. Due to the French and Indian war George Washington gained experience, colonists became less dependent on England, and they began thinking more of themselves as Americans not Englishmen
16: Causes of the Revolutionary War | The 1st cause of the Revolutionary war is Greenville taxes the colonies The next reason was the Proclamation of 1793 stating colonist could not be able to move to the newly acquired land because of high tension between Indians and the colonist and not wanting to provide troops | Another was the Nvigation, sugar, and stamp act. The closing of the Boston harbor due to the BostonTea Party a rebellion against the tea tax. Taxation without representation.
17: Battles of the Revolutionary War | The most important battles of the Revolutionary War were the battles of Lexington and Concord. The colonist stock piled weapons and were training people to fight. The governor sent troops to LExington and COncord to arrest anyone with weapons and those training to fight. Williams Dawes, Dr. Samuel Prescott and Paul Reever went to warn the others that the British were coming Williams Dawes was the only one caught Dr. Prescott made it all the way and Paul Reever stayed in Boston. They had a signal 1 by land 2 by sea which were used with lanterns to tell how the British were traveling.
18: A.O.C | The articles of confederation is what the colonsit will now abide by since gaining there freedom. Their was not one leader and the central government had less power than the state government. They had something called the "League of Friendship" Each state had their own money own government and own constitution | Problems NO executive branch Central government cant collect taxes No Supreme court Could not regulate trade Each state gets one vote
19: Constitution Convention | NJ Plan (Favored smaller states) William Paterson Fix A.O.C not replace Multi-person executive 1 state equal 1 vote | VA Plan (favored larger states) James Madison strong national government Bicameral legislature (based on population) judicial system Federal government overrides state government | Great Compromise Strong National Government Single executive National judicial system Bicameral legislature H.O.R-Based on Population (435 current) Senate 2 per state
20: There are 3 branches of government. Each branch of government has an important and seperate duty to perform each branch of government depends on the other. The 3 branches of government are Judical (supreme court) Executive (president and his cabinet) and the Legislative (congress- House of Representative and the Senate) | Judicial Branch | Executive Branch | Legislative Branch
21: The checks & balance system was a way to limit one branch of goverment becoming to powerful over another branch of government. As illustrated in the chart below
22: Requirements | President 35 years of age Resident for 14 years Born in the U.S | Senate 30 year s of age 9 yrs U.s citizen Resident of state running for | H.O,R 25 years of age 7 years U.S citizen Resident of state running for
23: The Bill of Rights are the first 10 Amendments of the U.S Constitution | Bill of Rights
24: 1st Cabinet | Vice President-John Adams Secretary of State-Alexander Hamilton Secretary of State-Thomas Jefferson Secretary of War-Henry Knox President-George Washington 1st Capitol was in NY then moved to PA and finally moved to DC. George Washington was the first and only president to get all the electoral college votes twice and the only president to be ignagurated in New York. He set the term limit for presidents to come by limiting it to two terms so he wouldn't become a dictator.
25: Political Parties | Federalist Favored Loose Construction constitution was flexible should do whatever that will benefit the country (Bank of the US) | Jeffersonian Republic Favored Strict construction the government should not do anything that is not stated in the constitution | Thomas Jefferson | Madison and Hamilton
26: Monuments Ford's Theater-theater where President Lincoln was killed Lincoln Memorial- Dedicated in 1922 36 Columns for every state in the union when he was assassinated Gettysburg's Address left 2nd Inauguration speech right Reflecting Pool- Seperate Lincoln Memorial and Washington Monument Washington Monument- Tallest building in Washington D.C 550 ft tall Difference in color because of the war Thomas Jefferson Memorial- 3rd and newest presidential memorial Statue faced towards the capitol building because he didn't trust the government
27: Vietnam Memorial- Black marble shaped in a V 57,939 names White House- 1600 Pennslyvania Ave Burnt in war of 1812 Capitol Building- Left House of Reps Right Senate Lady of Freedom (tallest point of D.C) Original was made of wood Arlington Cementary- most well-known national cementary Eternal flame outside of Kennedys tombs Changing of the guards Pentagon- Headquaters of Department of defense Largest office building in the world 17 miles of hallway 5 rings Inner most ring most important 7 mins to walk from any two points
28: John Adams | THe second president of the US | First president to live in the present White House | Known as father of the Navy | His worst decision of his presidency was the Alien and sedition acts | He is also known for the X-Y-Z affair during his presidency | First president to add secretary to cabinet
29: Thomas Jefferson | The 3rd US President | Louisiana Purchase JEfferson sent James Monroe to Paris to purchase New Oreleans for 10 million dollars but sold the whole French territory for 15 million which doubled the size of the US | Criticized because he used the Bank of the US to finacethe Louisana Purchase that he opposed from the begining | Lewis & Clarke expedition was the exploration of the newly acquired land which took 2 years 4 months | The Embargo Act of 1807 stop trade with all foreign countries which hurt the New England economy and threaten to secede from the Union
30: James Madison | War of 1812 "Second Revolutionary War" Fighting to re-assure Britain they can;t gain control over them THe first and only president to be forced out due to enemy fire ( White House burned had to be painted White) | Battle of New Orleans 2036 people died in 20 mins only 21 Americans died The Treaty of Ghent ended the War Due to this war the National Anthem was created by Francis Scott Key who was taken hostage
31: James Monroe | Last founding father to become president Starts the Second Bank of US to deal with the debt of the War of 1812 Starts to give AMericans credit to move out west Panic of 1819 London demands money they lent but US didn't have it to pay back which put us in our first recession
42: The Underground Railroad was an escape route for slaves in the south leading up to the northern states or Canada. One of the most famous people known for freeing slaves through the Underground Railroad was Harriet Tubman. But there are two big misconceptions about the Underground Railroad. First it wasn't literally an Underground Railroad it was a journey through the woods with safe houses on the way you can identify a safe house by seeing a lantern on the front porch. Also the other is that Harriet Tubman didn’t free thousands it was only about 300 which was really a great achievement because it was real risky of her, the escapees, and the people who hid them could have been caught at anytime. | Underground Railroad
44: The compromise of 1820 consist of two parts stated that all state above 36,20 degrees longitude/latitude will be free and everything below will be a slave state if Missouri enters as a slave state and Maine enters as a free state
45: Compromise of 1850
46: Kansas Nebraska Act
47: Dred Scott was a slave he first originated in a slave state but then his masters decided to move to Wisconsin which was a free state. Soon after they moved his master died. So he tried to fight for his freedom stating since he is in a free state and has no master he is a free man. But the supreme court didn’t look at it like that they said since his master died he should be returned back to the state he came from and be sold back into slavery since slaves were considered "property". But he didn't agree and fought for his freedom until his death | Dred Scott
48: Lincoln was the first and only president to be elected president without every holding office in congress. The reason he was elected because the votes were divided between 4 candidates and many didn't know who to choose
50: Lincoln was the first ever president ever to be assassinated. He wasn't the only target him and his entire cabinet were being targeted but only one of the many conspirators went through with the plan John Wilks Booth. The reason he was suspected of doing any harm is because he worked at Ford’s Theatre and was well-known and well liked
51: Black Code
52: 13 Amendment freed all slaves 14 Amendment made all former slaves legal citizens 15 Amendment gave African American slaves the right to vote | Amendments 13-15