FC: Declaration of Independence | Brianica Thomas bell-4a
1: Brianica Thomas | Declaration of Independence
2: On June 11, 1776, the Continental Congress appointed a committee of five men to draft the Declaration: John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman.
3: Jefferson was given the task of writing the first draft. Once complete, he presented this to the committee.
4: the Continental Congress heard Richard Henry Lee of Virginia read his resolution beginning: "Resolved: That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance
5: The Lee Resolution was an expression of what was already beginning to happen throughout the colonies. When the Second Continental Congress, which was essentially the government of the United States from 1775 to 1788, first met in May 1775, King George III had not replied to the petition for redress of grievances that he had been sent by the First Continental Congress. The Congress gradually took on the responsibilities of a national government. In June 1775 the Congress established the Continental Army as well as a continental currency
6: On July 9 the action of Congress was officially approved by the New York Convention. All 13 colonies had now signified their approval. On July 19 therefore, Congress was able to order that the Declaration be "fairly engrossed on parchment. | Engrossing is the process of preparing an official document in a large, clear hand. Timothy Matlack was probably the engrosser of the Declaration. He was a Pennsylvanian who had assisted the Secretary of the Congress, Charles Thomson, in his duties for over a year and who had written out George Washington's commission as commanding general of the Continental Army.
7: Matlack set to work with pen, ink, parchment, and practiced hand, and finally, on August 2 the journal of the Continental Congress records that "The declaration of independence being engrossed and compared at the table was signed."