S: Civil War Project
BC: Bibliography : thanks to google search and images, American Pageant 12th edition history book, and various websites of which i forgot to name :D
FC: Civil War By David Nunez
1: Table of Contents 2-4 Critical thinking 5-10 Battles 11-17 Generals 18-19 Vocab 20-21 Maps 22-23 Timeline
2: Critical Thinking 1. Which is better equipped to fight a war, the North or the south? The North was better prepared for war.The North had a much stronger economy and military than the South. The North also had a much stronger military since they had more troops than the South's military.The North contained over 80% of the US industry. Much of the South's wealth was invested in slaves and land so they lacked the funds to purchase munitions.
3: Critical Thinking 2. Describe the Southern Battle Plan for victory. Describe the Northern Battle Plan for Victory. The South had a slow battle plan. They wanted the extend the duration of the war for as long as possible in the hopes of the war losing popularity in the north. However, the North planned to blockade the south and attack swiftly to cut off trade and communication and strangle the south.
4: Critical Thinking 1. Describe the effects on the economies of both the north and south. The South's imports and exports from their states were slowed since raw materials were being used for the war. The south was focused on using all of it's resources to fighting the north, so they didn't have any resources to export. North produced greenback paper money which helped the economy to thrive. Meanwhile, the South refused to raise taxes so they couldn't generate income.
5: Civil war battles
6: Battle of Bull Run | Victor:Confederacy won but did not pursue Union troops Generals:Irvin McDowell vs. Beauregard significance:First battle of the war Stonewall Jackson was the confederacy general and it was here where he got his nickname loss of life:union 460 killed 1,124 wounded 1,312 captured/missing Confederacy 387 killed 1,582 wounded 13 missing
7: Battle of Shiloh | Victor:Union won after 2 days Generals:U.S. Grant and troops moved along Tennessee river deep into Tennessee significance:Confederate general was killed on first day and things turned for the worse when the union pushed confederates back on the 2nd day loss of life:Union 1,754 killed, 8,408 wounded, and 2,885 missing. Confederates:1,728 killed, 8,012 wounded, and 959 missing or captured
8: Victor: Confederacy Generals:Robert E. Lee and George McClellan significance: Lee drove back union forces over a 7 day period up the Virginia peninsula loss of life:Union 1,734 killed 8,066 wounded 6,055 missing/captured Confederacy 3,494 killed 15,758 wounded 952 missing/captured | Seven Day's Battle
9: Victor:Neither side won but Lee retreated Generals:Robert E. Lee and George McClellan significance:first major battle in civil war to take place on union territory and bloodiest single day battle. Gave confidence to Abraham Lincoln to announce Emancipation Proclamation loss of life:Union 2,108 killed 9,540 wounded 753 captured/missing. Confederacy 1,546 killed 7,752 wounded 1,018 captured/missing. | Battle of Antietam
10: Victor:Confederacy Generals:Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson significance: Stonewall Jackson was mortally wounded confederates greatly outnumbered managed to win because of strategy loss of life:Union 1,606 killed, 9,672 wounded, 5,919 Confederacy 1,665 killed, 9,081 wounded, 2,018 missing | Battle of Chancellorsville
11: Civil War Generals
12: Ulysses S. Grant Experience:He was brevetted twice for bravery at Molino del Rey and Chapultepec Fought in Mexican American War under Zachary Taylor He carried a dispatch through a sniper lined street Education:1839 graduated 21's in his class at United States Military Academy at West Point
13: George McClellan Experience:Second lieutenant in the United states Army Corps Served as engineer officer in the Mexican American warDid many reconnaissance missions under Lieutenant General Winfield Scott Education:studied law at University of Pennsylvania at the age 13 Went to United States Military Academy at age 15 He graduated second in the class of 1854
14: Stonewall Jackson Experience:Was in Mexican American war in an US. artillery regiment Professor of philosophy and an artillery instructor Was in the battles of Mexico city, contreras, and in Siege of Veracruz Education:Graduated 17th in his class in 1864 at United States Military Academy
15: Robert E. Lee Experience:Helped in the construction of Fort Pulaski He was a Chief Engineer in Washington DC. He was a chief aide of Winfield in the Mexican war Education:Second in his class at the United States Military Academy and never received one demerit
16: David G. Farragut Experience:Midshipman at age of 9 Reached the ranks of Lieutenant, commander, and captain in 1822, 1844, and 1855 Education:????? couldn't find any
17: William Tecumseh Sherman Experience: 1840 entered army as a second lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Artillery and fought in Florida in the Second Seminole War 1856 during the vigilante period, he served briefly as a major general of the California militia 1859, Sherman accepted a job as the first superintendent of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning & Military Academy in Pineville, Louisiana Education: United States Military Academy at West Point and he graduated in 1840
18: Vocabulary | Habeas Corpus- a judicial mandate stating that a prisoner must be brought before a court to determine whether the government has the right to continue detaining them. Copperhead- Term used to describe a Northerner who opposed the war policy and favored a negotiated settlement with the South. Conscription-involuntary enrollment in the service of a country (Confederacy passed the first conscription act and then the Union) Bounties-payment or reward from a government for catching criminals or enlisting in the military
19: Income tax-tax paid on income within a given financial year Clara Barton-Civil War nurse and founder of the American Red Cross Gettysburg address-redefined the Civil War as a struggle for the Union as "a new birth of freedom" that would bring true equality to all of its citizens, and would create a unified nation in which states' rights were no longer dominant 13th amendment-Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
22: Election of 1860 (Nov) Lincoln beats Douglas | One month after 1860 (Dec) election South Carolina secedes because Lincoln won the election | First battle of the war was Bull Run on July 21 1861 south won | Lee drove back union forces over 7 days up the Virginia peninsula called the 7 days battle from June 25- July 1, 1862 southern Victory | The battle of Shiloh Grant and troops were ambushed but they still won on April 6-7 1862
23: Sept 17, 1862 Battle of Antietam single bloodiest battle of war | Lincoln gives his Emancipation Proclamation proclaimed the freedom of 3.1 million of the nation's 4 million slaves, and immediately freed 50,000 | Turning point of the war was at Gettysburg July 1- 3 1863 | Wilderness Campaign lasted May 5–7, 1864 battle inconclusive but union continued their offensive | Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox court house on April 9 1865 officially ending the war