BC: Works cited | http://international.loc.gov/learn/features/timeline/riseind/immgnts/immgrnts.html http://pbskids.org/itsmylife/family/immigration/article3.html
FC: Immigrants From All Over ... The World
1: ~Most Chinese came to the U.S. between 1849-1882. After that time period the federal law stopped their immigration. ~Almost all settled in California.. ~The reason being the California Gold Rush. ~A lot of Chinese ended up opening up their own businesses such as restaurants, laundry mats, and many more personal services. Others often worked on farms or railroad construction out west. | Chinese | ~Once the economic times became hard, the other immigrants and European Americans wanted the jobs that the Chinese usually took. This led to angry feelings towards Chinese, and they created anti-Chinese riots. Some riots were violent enough to burn down Chinese property, or attacking and killing Chinese. In 1882 the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed The anti-Chinese riots got exactly what they wanted; no more Chinese!
2: German | ~ Germans first arrived mostly in the 17 and 18th century. The second group of German immigrants came in the 19th century because they were escaping from war. ~ They decided on coming to the U.S. because they were fleeing persecution in Germany. They wanted to have the freedom of religion and land back. ~A lot of them settled in the east. There were Germans all over the east coast. | ~They had a lot to do with traditions, institutions, and lots of things we still do today. The education field would not have made such a success if it wasn't for the Germans. They created the first kindergarten in 1855. We can thank Germans for our pools, parks, orchestras, beers the Easter Bunny, and Santa Clause. They had a big part in publishing and printing. Christopher Saur printed the first bible. | ~They were well liked because of all they brought with them. People gave them good jobs. They were also put in charge of some military positions. All was well until WW1 broke out; this brought hatred to the Germans.
3: Irish | ~Irish arrived mainly in the 1800s. ~They were pushed out of Ireland because of religious conflicts, economic struggles, and lack of political autonomy. They came to the U.S. to escape from all of that. They came to pursue the promise of land ownership and more religious freedom. | ~Irish moslty stayed in the middle colonies. Quite a few went to Philadelphia. ~ Irish did not have too many contributions until they were accepted. Once people started to like them, they were great | political and religious leaders. They became skilled and educated workers. It was then easy for them to be hired for good jobs. They also had great success in journalism, entertainment, and sports. ~Before the Irish had a good reputation, they had very harsh beginnings. People hated them. They were discriminated against. They only got the low paying, dirty jobs. Many woman were servents, while men worked in mines, railroad building, and canal building. Once they were accepted, people would vote for them as political leaders, and they were very good at it!
4: ~In 1845 the Potato Blight caused a huge famine. This caused the 2nd wave of immigration. The famine left almost one million Irish dead, and brought half a million to the U.S. to start new lives. | Irish cont...
5: Japanese | ~Came to the U.S. between the 19t and 20th centruy. ~ They came because they wanted better lives for the children.America was a land portrayed with peace & prosperity. That is exactly what they came for. ~ Most settled in Hawaii; that was the main desitination, but on the mainland in America, they went to California. ~ Some helped establish restaurants, general stores, and hotels. They also owned 450,000 acres of farmland in California. These farmers provided more than 10% of their crops to market. Agriculture was their main comtribution. | ~ At first they had everyone against them. They had very poor working conditions. They were almost controlled by the company they worked for. Weather they were working or at home, their lives were controlled by the plantation owners. If they did not follow rules, they could be fined or whipped. | ~Once they fought for their right in the nation, they were accepted.
6: Italian | - Came in the late 1800s and early 1900s. - There was so much going on in Italy at the time; a lot came for better life styles. Italy had finally been brought under one flag, but that didnt mean anything. There was still violence, chaos, and poverty. The people were no where near unified. So, Italians were hoping for prosperity in America. - They settled everywhere from New Jersey to California. - Majority were farmers and hard workers. They wanted a steady job, any job, so they would have money to take back home. Some took hone between 4 and 30 million dollars each year. The Italian Lorenzo da Ponte built the first Opera house in the U.S. They also contributed in the art world al well. - The immigrants were blamed for taking America's jobs. The Italians had many attacks on them by the anti- immigrant societies. They were attacked by mobs, their churches were vandalized and burned, and by the 1890s more than 20 Italians were lynched. All this never stopped until the 1920s when there was an end put to Italian immigration. \
7: Russian | ~Mostly came near the end of the 19th century. ~Russia was suffering from overpopulation and | had famines. They were facing poverty and land shotrages, so they were hoping for a better future in the U.S. ~ They settled all over the United States. Some took advantage of the Homestead Act and went west to develop family farms, but others stayed along the East coast. ~Their contributions were musical composers, dancing, and they were wealthy and educated. | Thir lives were not easy at first in the U.S, but they did not see persecution until the Red Scare in the early 1900s. Then it got worse. | They were arrested, deported without a trial, and rejected. They were seen as dangerous and spied on.
8: Immigration today is different from the past. In the past, people immigrated freely. They had no rules or limitations. People came to the United States from many other countries seeking a better life. Today, however, things are much different. People can still go from country to country, but with a specific set of rules to follow. People have to carry documents, such as a passport. If people want to settle in a country, for good, they have to go through a long process. If they cannot meet the legal requirements to fully immigrate, they can be sent back to their origional country.
9: The Melting Pot | The United States has a fascinating history regarding the people who have settled here. In the early years of this nation, people truley saw it as a land of opportunity and immigrated to this country. With our open door policy, people came from all over the world bringing with them traditions, customs, and a variety of knowledge, which makes our country the great nation it is today!