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Middle East Vocab

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FC: Middle East Vocab

1: Yom Kippur is a day of fasting in the Jewish faith. Yom Kippur in 2011 was spread over two days. | Zionism is a policy for establishing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine. Palestine developed Zionism.

2: OPEC is an organization formed in 1961 that made a policy on the production and sales of petroleum. There are many OPEC groups in the Middle East. | Sunni is one of the two branches of Islam and regards Muhammad as the successor. Sunnis are mainly in Iran and Iraq.

3: al Qaeda is a terrorist group that is in over 50 countries which is opposed to the United States. al Qaeda does the training of many Islamic terrorist groups. Judaism is a monotheistic religion with practices based on the Torah and Talmud. Judaism is the main religion in Israel.

4: Christianity is a monotheistic religion with beliefs from the Old Testament and teachings from Jesus. Christianity is the main religion in North Dakota. | Islam is a religion based on the teachings of Muhammad. People who belong to the religion of Islam are Muslims.

5: Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islam calendar. During Ramadan there is fasting and it is the holiest time of the year in Islamic faith.

6: Shiite is the other branch of Islam that regards Ali as the main successor. Majority of Muslims are Shiites. Jihad is a holy war against Muslims and the infidels. Some Muslims Jihad is going to mosque everyday. | Hijab is a headscarf that covers the hair and neck of Muslim women. It is traditional for a women that is Muslim to wear a hijab. Synagogue is a Jewish place of worship. A synagogue is like a church in Christianity. Hamas is a militant Islamic fundamentalist movement. Hamas goal is to create an Islamic state in Israel.

7: it's always spring in a mother's heart

8: Arabs are members of the Semitic people who speak Arabic. Arabs are currently in most of the Middle East and Northern Africa. Mosque is a place of worship in the Islamic faith. Many Muslims try to make it to Mosque every day.

9: Bedouin is a nomadic way of life that is in the Arabian Peninsula. Most Bedouins travel on camels. Palestinians are descendants of Arab that inhabited Palestine. Palestinians have been fighting with Israelites over the past few decades.

10: Terrorism is the use of violence against civilians. Terrorism is caused by a political, religious, or ideological goal. | Israel is white and Palestine is green

11: Intifada was an uprising of Palestine against Israel in the late 1980s and in 2000. The Intifada occurred because of disagreements in leadership and land. Taliban is a fundamentalist Islamic militia. The Taliban took over Afghanistan and Kabul and set up an Islamic government.

13: Fundamentalism is a literal and strict adherence of a religion, | Fundamentalism is often found in Islam.

14: PLO is a political movement formed in 1964. PLO was made to create an independent state of Palestine.

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