FC: The Reformation By:Mitchell Eldridge
1: Martin Luther went to collage at the University of Wittenberg in the German state of Saxon. Luther thought that the pope was corrupt and wrong. He wrote what he was against in the 95 thesis on the door of the Church and the Printing Press helped him spread the 95 thesis around Europe.Lutheranism was founded by Martin Luther, a German monk and professor who has been called the "Father of the Reformation." In 1517, he famously protested against the Catholic Church's sale of indulgences. | Martin Luther | He was worried about whether or not he would go to Heaven, so he began to read the bible. When Johann Tetzel came to Whittenburg selling indulgences, Martin saw that these so called 'tickets to Heaven' were being sold, he realized that they were not in the Bible. He then saw that there were other things that the Church was doing that weren't in the bible, he wrote his 95 theses, or complaints with the Church. He posted these on his local church. While the printing press helped his ideas eventually spread to the Pope.
3: The emperor did not like Luther's statements either. Emperor Charles V also called Luther to take back his words. When he did not, Charles V issued the Edict of Worms, calling Martin a heretic and a criminal. Because of the edict, no one was supposed to give Martin shelter, although Prince Frederick of Germany disobeyed this. He took in Martin. During this time, Martin translated the bible into German. People started to listen to Martin's ideas, and his followers became Lutheran, part of the new Lutheran Church. The emperor did not like Luther's statements either. Emperor Charles V also called Luther to take back his words. When he did not, Charles V issued the Edict of Worms, calling Martin a heretic and a criminal. Because of the edict, no one was supposed to give Martin shelter, although Prince Frederick of Germany disobeyed this. He took in Martin. During this time, Martin translated the bible into German. People started to listen to Martin's ideas, and his followers became Lutheran,which is a new branch of the church.
4: With the possible exception of Martin Luther, no man has had a greater impact on the theology of the Protestant Churches today than John Calvin. People in Calvinism were anti-catholic and Puritans were a division of this religion. They also believed in Predestination | John Calvin is an anti-catholic, meaning he did not believe in the ways of Martin Luther. He started his religion called "Calvinist". | John wanted a theocracy, or a government based around religion. He set this government up in Geneva. The life lived there was a very pure one. There was no swearing, no drinking, and no smoking. People who lived in John Calvin's new religion were called Calvinists. Calvinists believed in predestination. Predestination is the belief that no matter what you do on Earth, whether you go to Heaven or Hell is already decided.
6: Henry didn't get a male heir. So Henry kept trying to get a male heir with six other wives. And didn't succeed to well. King Henry VIII died after marrying his sixth wife. Henry had three kids, Edward, Mary, and Elizabeth. | Henry VIII is the last reformer and he was a devout Catholic. Early on he married Katherine of Aragon and had a daughter named Mary. But Henry was worried that if there was no male heir then civil war would erupt. He knew that Catherine would have no more kids and that means no male heir. Since Henry was a catholic he couldn't divorce his wife. The Pope could annul but the pope refused. So henry called in the
7: Parliament to pass a law to end the pope's power. 1533 the divorce was official and he married Anne Boleyn. And in 1534 the break with the pope was complete with the Act of Supremacy.
8: There were numerous reasons that that caused the Reformation: - Ongoing corruption on the part of some clergy and Church leaders, in spite of several attempts by Church Councils to remedy the problems. - A desire by some to embrace a simpler form of religious worship and a more biblical style of church. Also some parts of the corruption would be people buying tickets in there way to heaven and this was against their bible and the corruption in the church with people buying there way into higherarchy of the church.
9: Reformation means the actions or process of reforming an institution or practice. Witch means these people went against the church.
10: So how did the reformation begin? In the 1500's many forces weakened the church's including the Black Death and the 100 years war. Also people were being bought into the church which caused a lot of corruption within the church's system.
11: Category. "Calvinism." Agnosticism / Atheism - Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 June 2011.
12: elders., the. "John Calvin." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 June 2011.
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