S: Peru Renata Silva
FC: Peru | By Renata Silva | March 12,2001 Period: 3A
1: Table of contents | Maps pg. 2 Culture of Country pg. 3-13 Timeline pg. 14 Landmarks pg. 15-17 Meals pg. 18 Government pg. 19 Economy pg.20-21 Biography pg.22 Reflection pg.23 Annotated Bibliography pg.24-25
2: Maps | On Separate sheet
3: Culture of Peru | Traditional Dress | There traditional dress is made with thread and sew by an adult or themselves.
4: -Roman Catholic -Protestant -Evangelical -Christian | ~Peruvians tend to be determined, but also try to welcome and please others. ~They have a relaxed concept of time, so gatherings don't necessarily start on time. ~Families are very important. ~Women tend to stay at home. ~When introducing themselves for the first time, opposite gender shake hands.Men who know each other well will shake hands or pat each other on the shoulder. Women who know each other(as well as close friends and family) will kiss each other on one cheek. ~They are animated and use alot of hand gestures when talking ~Maintaining eye contact is important. | Customs | Religion
5: Occupations | Business Development Manager/Biomedical Equipment Sales Planning - Scheduling Engineer /LNG Customer Service/Dispatchers for US Companys Lima Office. HR Coordinator Computer Tech For U.S. Company`s Lima Office Farmers Tourism hostpitality
6: -Peruvians are commonly well educated. -Public education between ages seven and sixteen is necessary and free. (The schools lack basic materials, and lack facilities.) -Peru has raised efforts to elongate primary schools into remote areas. -Secondary schooling is too free in Peru. -Approximate partial of eligible kids are enrolled in secondary schools. -Registry in both primary and secondary schools is rising. | Language: -Spanish -Quechua -Aymara -English | Education | Quechua language
7: Transportation | Driving in Peru Moto taxis Taxis Urban buses Combis Interurban buses Trucks Trains | Peru's roads are not smooth, in fact its uneven with some potholes. | Ports Waterways
8: ~60% of Peru covered in dense rainforest. | Vegetation & Animals | Gould’s Inca Hummingbird | Vicuña | Jaguar | Animals: | Sparkling Violet Ear | Ornate Hawk Eagle, Black-collared Hawk, Great Kiskadee,Yellow-hooded Blackbird, Neotropic Cormorant, Horned Screamer Black-capped Donacobius, BlackVulture, Black Caracara,Yellow-headed Caracara, Slate-colored Hawk, White-eared Jacamar Amazon Kingfisher, Ringed Kingfisher, Green Kingfisher.Wattled Jacana, Large-billed Tern, Hoatzin,White-headed Marsh-Tyrant, Great Egret, Boat-billed Heron,Tropical Screech-Owl, Wood Stork, Red-Capped Cardinal,Great Black-Hawk, White-necked (Cocoi) | Some
9: Torch Lily | Victoria Water Lily | Puma | lama Alpacas | South American Squirrel Monkey
10: Art and Architecture: -The arts are a well-known role in Peru's history and culture. ~It includes: Literature and architecture, to painting, crafts and dance. -Peru's natural heritage is one of the richest in South America | Peru's pottery works | Silver works | Alpaca Rugs
11: Sports: soccer volleyball bull fighting cockfighting racing Tennis basket ball fishing
12: Leisure Activities | Mountaineering , trekking, horse riding, hang-gliding, scuba diving, rafting, sand-boarding and surfing are just a few of the activities available in Peru.
14: Timeline | Timeline is on separate sheet | 1. | 2. 3. | 4 . | 5
15: Nazca Lines: Nazca Lines is said to have many different reasons on how they came to be geoglyphs and geometric line clearings in the Peruvian desert. They were made may centuries before the rise of the Inca Empire and are one of the most important legacies of ancient pre-Inca Peruvian culture. These lines can only been seen if flying over with a helicopter or plane. Once in the sky you would look down and see the Nazca lines. | Landmarks
16: Amazon Rainforest: The Amazon Rainforest is important the all the species that live there as well as the indigenous tribes. These species range form bacteria, plants , to great mammals. Many that are already endangered that was caused by mankind with the process of deforestation that is also being experienced today. Even though the animals are the main balance of the environment in the Amazon.
17: Machu Picchu: Machu Picchu is a whole city made of stone. It's also the lost city of the Incas which nestled 7500 feet above sea level in the Andean mountain range above the Urubamba valley. Some say that the way Machu Picchu was structured was so it could with stand earthquakes, as well as defense retreat. Fact: It was so well built that you cant even slide a paper through the cracks of the stones
18: Appetizer : Cancha (Toasted corn with a little bit of oil and salt) Drink : Inca Kola Main Course : Ceviche (Fish marinated in lime and lemon juice) Desert : Picarones (Pumpkin and sweet potato doughnut) | MENU
19: Government Organization: ~divided into 25 regions and constitutional province of Callao ~Presidents serve 5 year term ~Presidents are not able to serve two terms consecutively ~Executive Branch headed by -President -Two vice presidents -Council of Ministers ~Unicameral Congress contains 120 members -Each serve a 5 year term ~Peru's highest judicial authority is the Supreme Court ~Major political parties include -National Unity Party -Nationalist Party -Uniting Peru -Peruvian Aprista Party (Several other parties) ~All Peruvian citizens ages ranging from 18-70 are required to vote | Government Type: constitutional republic
20: Economy -Peru had faced severe strains in the early 1990s, caused by El Nino -unemployment remains high -More than half of all Peruvians live in poverty. -Peru's natural resources contain copper, silver, gold, iron ore, oil, timber, and fish. -Peru has a wide economic base with a variety of industries it can depend on for growth. -Wheat, potatoes, sugarcane, rice, and coffee are important agricultural products to Peru's Economy -Agriculture is responsible for about one-third of all employment -Peru's fishing industry is one of the largest in the world -Peru is a member of the Andean Community trade bloc with Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela -Peru is one of the world's largest producers of coca
21: Atahualpa (1502-1533) Inca Ruler Atahualpa had been the last but true ruler of the ancient Inca Empire. Upon the conquest led by Francisco Pizarro, Atahualpa had been captured and been held for ransom. Although his subjects paid the large ransom, he had still been assassinate. Cesar Vallejo (1892-1938) Poet Cesar was born the youngest out of the 11 brother and sisters. He had a passion for poetry ,even though his father wanted him to become a priest. He had also became a Political activist, standing up for communism in awaits of bringing social justice to his needful country. He had traveled a lot and then spent much of his following life in Europe. | Biography
22: Reflection | Peru is different than Florida by various reasons.Like here in Florida we don't have potholes, and if so rarely. The vegetation and animals are very contrasting from each other. As well as the education, in Peru they get vague education and here its informational. There are many reasons on how different Peru culture is Florida's.
23: Bibliography | Burr, Robert N., Thomas M. Davies, James S. Kus, John P. Moore, and Javier Pulgar-Vidal. "Peru." Britannica Encyclopedia. Web.
24: Morrison, Marion. Peru. New York: Children's, 2010. Print. This book helped me with Peru's art and architecture. | Falconer, Kieran, and Lynette Quek. Peru. New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, 2006. Print. This booked helped me get information about Peru's culture, economy, and religion. | "The Interesting Culture of Peru." Peru Facts | Peru Culture | Food and Hiking. Web. 04 Apr. 2011.