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Study Abroad in China part 2

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S: The extraordinary adventures of Amanda Fedewa in China part 2 created by Amanda Fedewa May 8th thru Aug 5th 2011

BC: The end of the first 6 weeks in China | The adventure of Amanda Fedewa in China is to be continued....

FC: The extraordinary adventures of Amanda Fedewa in China part 2

1: The Buddhist Temple in Wuxi | The Buddhist Temple in Wuxi

5: The Yangtze River in China is the longest river in China and in Asia. It is also the third longest river in the world. It stretches for almost 4000 miles starting from the Tibetan Plateau in Qinghai and the river empties at the East China Sea in Shanghai. The Yangtze River has thousands of years of Chinese history and goes so far back in history that the origin of the Chinese people is debatable. The Three Gorges along the Yangtze River offers some of the most beautiful scenery along the river. In addition, the Three Gorges dam on the Yangtze River is the largest hydro-electric power station in the world. When we first entered the Yangtze River, the river was 147 meters deep which is about 483 feet deep. During September when the winter season begins, the river will reach to 175 meters deep. This is about 575 feet deep. All of the cities and towns on this part of the river are built high enough from the river so that they do not flood. Once we entered the lower parts of the river, the river was at about 215 feet deep. The lower parts of the river rise to about 247 feet during September. The towns and cities on this section of the river are not built up high from the river and there are not many flooding issues on the lower part of the Yangtze River. | Cruising on the Yangtze River in China June 11th thru June 14th 2011

6: A tour of the River Cruise ship Victoria 5

7: Shore excursion to Fengdu-Ghost City | Fengdu became known as Ghost City in the Tang Dynasty (618-907) when two officials from the Imperial court married and settled on Mt. Minshan just outside the city. Combined, their surnames, Yin and Wang, sound like King of Hell in Chinese. Both of them later became immortals by carrying out self-cultivation. This story widely spread and makes Mt. Minshan become famous. When combined together, their surnames Yin and Wang, sound very much like "King of Hell" in Chinese, hence the people began to call Fengdu the "Ghost City".

10: This thing weights 400 pounds! Only one person is able to balance it on the top. Many people from all over the world try but fail.

11: Shore excursion to the Pagoda The town before the Pagoda | This town used to have many more people living in it before the Three Gorges dam was built. Having the dam built flooded the lower parts of the city and the farmlands. The town now has a very small population and while walking through this town, I could see the effects that the building of the dam has had on this town. In my opinion, the dam has almost destroyed the life in the town. Most of the apartment buildings and shops are now empty and closed. The people there are very poor as they only make money from tourism. This city is very empty looking compared to most Chinese towns and cities.

12: Heading to the Pagoda

14: The Shibaozhai Temple is a 12-story, 18th century temple built on the northern bank of the Yangtze River of China. It was erected by Emperor Qianlong on a large rock rising almost 100 feet out of the river, and was an architectural delight, having been built without nails. | I did climb to the very top of the Pagoda! Lots of stairs.

15: There's another tree growing inside of the main tree.

16: Shore excursion to the White Emperor City | Legend of Baidi City (White Emperor City) Because of its strategic position the town was chosen in the first century AD by Gong Sunshu, an official turned soldier, as the site of his headquarters. The legend goes that in AD 25 white vapour in the shape of a dragon was seen rising from a nearby well. Taking this as an auspicious omen, Gong declared himself the "White Emperor" and the town "White Emperor City".

20: Now Entering the Three Gorges. The first gorge is called the Qutang Gorge. It is beautiful and only 5 miles long.

21: Qutang Gorge starts at the White Emperor City in the west, Chongqing Fengjie County and ends at Daxi Stream in the east, Chongqing Wushan County. It is the shortest in the Three Gorges

22: The Lesser Three Gorges The Longmen Gorge | The Longmen Gorges are the starting point of the Lesser Three Gorges and they are 1.8 miles long. They are flanked by two towering peaks between which the water flows rapidly. It is known as the Lesser Kuimen Gate.

23: The Bawu Gorge This Gorge is also part of the Lesser Three Gorges

24: More beautiful scenery of the Bawu Gorge

25: The Bawu Gorges are 6.2 miles long

26: Dicui Gorge The last gorge of the Lesser Three Gorges

27: The Dicui Gorge is the longest gorge, stretching 12 miles, and said to be the most beautiful of the Lesser Three Gorges

28: The Goddess Peak | The Wu Gorge The 2nd Gorge of the Three Gorges

29: Wu Gorge is 27 miles long, starting from the mouth of the Daning River in Wushan County of Chongqing in the west and ending in Guandukou of Badong County, Hubei Province in the east.

30: The Xiling Gorge | Xiling Gorge is the longest of the Three Gorges, it is 41 miles long, starting from the Dadong County in the west and ending at the Nanjin Pass of Yichang in the east. It goes through the Hubei Province entirely from the west to east.

31: Before the construction of the Three Gorges Dam and Gezhouba Dam, it was known for being the most dangerous of the three gorges to travel through, with frightening whirlpools and strong rapids. Since the construction of the dams, the river's depth has increased from just a few feet in some areas to well over 330 feet throughout its length.

32: The construction of Three Gorges Ship Locks is intended to increase river shipping from ten million to 100 million tons annually, with transportation costs cut by 30% to 37%. Since the installation of the ship locks, shipping through the Three Gorges become much safer, which changed the fact that the gorges were notoriously dangerous to navigate. Each of the two ship locks is made up of five stages, taking around four hours in total to transit, and has a vessel capacity of 10,000 tons. The locks are 918 feet long, 115 feet wide, and 16 feet deep, which are 98 feet longer than those on the St Lawrence Seaway but half as deep. Before the dam was constructed, the maximum freight capacity of the river at the Three Gorges was only 18 million tons every year, but a total of 198 million tons of freight per year pass through the Three Gorges Dam ship locks presently. The freight capacity of the river increased six times and the cost of shipping was reduced by 25%, compared with the previous years. In addition, ships do not have to pay for entering the ship locks. It is free of charge for every ship that enters the ship lock. | Some information regarding the 5 step shiplock on the Yangtze River

33: The river cruise ship that I was on went through this ship lock during the night. The picture that is above. It was very interesting to see. It was also very noisy and hard to sleep!

34: The Three Gorges Dam | China Yangtze Three Gorges Dam Project (TGP) is one of the biggest hydropower-complex projects in the world. The great dam, as the largest of its kind in the world, will provide China with tremendous power generation and flood control services. Located in the areas of Xilingxia gorge, one of the three gorges of Yangtze River, the dam will control a drainage area of 1 million square kilometers, with an average annual runoff of 451 billion cubic meters. The length of the dam is 660 feet. The height of the dam is 331 feet and the width of the dam is 337 feet. | Some disadvantages to the dam: 1. Relocation Chinese officials estimate that the reservoir will partially or completely inundate 2 cities, 11 counties, 140 towns, 326 townships, and 1351 villages. About 58811 acres, more than 1.1 million people will have to be resettled. 2. It will threaten the river's wildlife. The dam will alter the natural environment, and therefore, an almost infinite number of species will be affected by the project. 3. The Three Gorges project will submerge some of China's most famous historical scenery and tourist sites. 4. The weight of millions of tons of water behind a dam can increase the chances of an earthquake. 5. The dam will disrupt heavy silt flows in the river. It could cause rapid silt build-up in the reservoir, creating an imbalance upstream, and depriving agricultural land and fish downstream of essential nutrients.

35: Some advantages to the dam: 1. Flood Control. Chinese officials note that the dam will relieve the danger of flooding. 2. Emissions reduction Another advantage of the dam is to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide. 3. China is enforcing tight rules aimed at preventing construction work from causing environmental pollution, while advanced facilities are being installed to treat construction waste. Over 90 percent of waste water from construction is expected to be treated. | The dam is estimated to cost around 23 billion us dollars.

36: A visit to Wuhan University | Wuhan University is one of the top ten schools in China and said to have one of the most beautiful campuses.

37: We had the chance to hang out with some of the Chinese students at Wuhan University.

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  • Title: Study Abroad in China part 2
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