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Thirteen Colonies

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S: The Thirteen Colonies

BC: New Hampshire Massachusetts Connecticut Rhode Island New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia | The Thirteen Colonies | By: Matt Kermitz, Jerry Schlechter, Mikey Siemons

FC: The Thirteen Colonies By Matt Kermitz, Jerry Schlechter, and Mikey Siemons

1: New England Colonies Matt Kermitz | Why was it established? | New England was originally started as a place for religious freedom from England, and mainly Puritans settled here. The Puritans were a powerful group in England. Many of them were well educated merchants or landowners. Unfortunately, when Charles I came into power, he disapproved of the Puritans, and started prosecuting them, and even putting some in jail. Puritan leaders eventually persuaded officials to give them a charter to from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. They came to the Massachusetts Bay around the 1630s. Unlike the Pilgrims, the Puritans did not want to completely separate from the Church of England. Instead, the Puritans wanted to create a simpler form of the Church of England, and they hoped to do this in what is now known as New England. | Right: John Winthrop was the first leader of the Puritans in New England. Left: New England consisted of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire.

2: Political Life | John Winthrop was selected as the first governor of the new colony. He set an example for others, as he worked hard to build himself a home, clear land and then plant crops. Unfortunately, there was some unrest, as the charter that the Puritans came over on only allowed those who had invested money in the Massachusetts Bay Company could vote. Eventually, this was changed so that all male church members could vote, but this also caused problems for non-Puritans. Even further along, the General Court was created. This was an assembly of representatives elected by male church members. The settlers held town meetings where they discussed things about the community, including discussing the building of roads. These meetings gave the colonists a chance to say what they were thinking. The meetings lead to further democracy in New England. | Economic Life | Due to the rocky nature of the New England soil, farming didn't come easy to the colonists, and it wasn't until Native American taught them to farm things such as Indian corn, pumpkins, and squash that they started to gain from farming. Along with farming, the colonists utilized the forests for many of their goods. They hunted wild turkey and deer. They also cut down trees and sent them to cities such as Boston or Portsmouth, which in turn made these cities into major shipbuilding centers. Some colonists fished for cod or halibut, and also in the 1600s, people started fishing for whales. Whale oil supplied lamps and many other products around that time. Whaling became a huge business in the 1700s and 1800s.

3: Social/Cultural Life | Since the New England Colonies were settled by Puritans, many of their customs became part of life. The Puritans took their religion and their religious day very seriously. On Sundays, nobody was allowed to go to taverns to drink, talk, and joke, and people were required to go to all-day Sunday church services. These services were heavily segregated, as women sat separate from men, blacks and Indians sat in a balcony in the back, and children had separate pews where an adult would watch over them. Outside of church, Puritan life was very conservative and somewhat strict. Clothing was restricted to "safe" colors such as gray and white. Laws were very harsh, and at least 15 crimes had the punishment of the death penalty. One of these was witchcraft, and in 1692, in Salem Village, 20 men and women were executed for being witches. | People file into a Puritan church on the sabbath.

4: he Middle Colonies By: Mikey Siemons | T | The Middle Colonies | The Middle Colonies were the later colonies to be added and were home to the thriving farms that produced most of the colonies food. It is said that the middle colo0nies could of provided enough food for not only the rest of the Colonial United States, but also for all of England. The reason they were so agriculturally rich is because the very fertile land that was host to many different crops that was used in the Triangular Trade between The Colonies, Europe and Africa. | The diagram above shows the trade routes between Africa, Europe and The Colonies.

5: Meet The Colonies | The Colonies in the Middle Colonies was New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. __________________________________________________________ | New York | Originally known as New Amsterdam, New York was established in 1664 by the Dutch Duke of York. New York and the city of Albany were huge in the Fur trade and were competing against New France. Both of these settlements were trying to find alliances with the Indians. | Pennsylvania | Pennsylvania was set by William Penn, a Quaker in 1681. William Penn was looking for an area where there was freedom of religion and was granted land by King Charles II. Pennsylvania flourished as an economic state, with many different resources and cash crops. It also boasted the largest city in the colonies, Philadelphia. | ____________________

6: Maryland | The province began as a proprietary colony of the English Lords Baltimore, who wished to create a haven for English Catholics in the new world at the time of the European wars of religion. Although Maryland was an early pioneer of religious toleration in the English colonies, religious strife among Anglicans, Puritans, Catholics, and Quakers was common in the early years, and Puritan rebels briefly seized control of the province. In the year following the Glorious Revolution, John Coode led a Protestant rebellion that expelled Lord Baltimore from power in Maryland | New Jersey | New Jersey was founded in 1664 by George Carteret and Lord Berkeley. New Jersey was originally part of New York but King Charles thought it was too big to govern easily. New Jersey started out as a Proprietary Colony but was later taken over by the English Government so it because a Royal Colony. | The province began as a proprietary colony in 1633 owned by Lords Baltimore, who wanted to create a place where Roman Catholics could have religious freedom. Although Maryland was an early pioneer of religious toleration in the English colonies, After a brief period where Puritan rebels took over the colony, Baltimore passed Act of Toleration. | __________________ | ____________________

7: Delaware | Delaware was found in 1638 by Peter Minuit. Most of the cities in Delaware lied on the coast due to its very strong coastal resources. Fishing was one of the Colonies biggest exports to the rest of the colonies. Delaware was originally owned by Lord Baltimore and he named it after the Indians that he bought the land from that inhabited the area.

8: Political life in the Southern Colonies consisted of a house of burgesses where white men could go and vote for laws and changes. In Georgia plantations with slavery were not allowed but later he allowed it and the colony grew faster than before. There were two acts that occurred in Maryland that were important; one, was the Act of Toleration which allowed other religions which made it like Rhode Island. Also, Bacons Rebellions showed the disconnect between the East coast government and the people living in the West. | The economy in the Southern Colonies was based of the tidewater plantations. These grew cash crops like, tobacco and indigo, in large quantities. These large plantations created the large slave trade industry. Also, trading was a large part of the economy in the Southern Colonies. Also England sent the their debtors to Georgia. In closing, the Southern Colonies Economy was based on cash crops and trade. | In the Southern Colonies there were many people in poverty and some who were extremely weather. Men outnumbered woman and had a higher social status. Woman took care of the household and men worked or oversaw the farm. Children were mostly taught by private tutor or schools run by Churches. The society in the Southern Colonies were more equal England, and there were two major waves one of renaissance and the other or religion.

9: The Southern Colonies were separated from the Middle Colonies by the Mason-Dixon Line. Virginia was the first southern colony. It was started in 1624 and was a Royal Colony. The second colony, Maryland, was started in 1634 by Sir George Calvert. He wanted to have a colony for Catholics. Later it would tolerate other religions. In the spring of 1634 a group of 200 colonists landed in Maryland to start the Colony. The next colony to form were the Carolinas. These were started when 8 nobles received a grant of land to settle in the new world. The Carolinas were Proprietary colonies. Last to form as a colony was Georgia. In 1732, James Oglethorpe created the colony of Georgia for British Debtors to be sent. It was a proprietary Colony. | The Southern Colonies By:Jerry Schlechter

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