1: Index | History Geography Culture Themes of History
2: History | Before Columbus discovered Cuba, it was inhabited by three main groups. The Taino were the most advanced. In 1511 a Spanish colony was created. The capital, Havana was established in the early 1500's as a place to gather treasure fleets. Cuba was captured by Britain and later traded back to Spain in the 18th century. Jose Marti led a rebellion to gain Cuban independence in 1895, but was killed early on. The US intervened until 1902 when they left their occupation. In 1952, a military group led by Fulgencio Batista started a dictatorship in Cuba. After a war between two parties Fidel Castro overthrew Batista in 1959. Castro's decisions led to the US stopping embargo with Cuba, which is still in effect today.
3: The communists supported Cuba through the 1970's and 1980's. When the social bloc broke up in the 1990's Cuba suffered a loss of economic growth and way of living. With promoted tourism Cuba is slowly trying get back to a stronger economy. Fidel Casro stepped down from dictatorship in 2008. Raul Castro, Fidel's brother took his place in government rule. | Raul and Fidel Castro
4: Geography | The geography of Cuba is an archipelago of islands 90 miles away from the United States. Low hills and fertile valleys make up Cuba's vast landscape of 42,803 square miles of land. Cuba's average temperature is 75 degrees F with dry a season from May to October. Hurricanes are common during the year and accounts for two thirds of all rainfall in Cuba. The highest point in Cuba is Pico Turquino, posting a respectable 6,480 ft in height. Also the lowest point is the sea-level. If you look on the map on page five, you can see that many of Cuba's cities are located near the shore, like the country's capital, Havana. Also if you look at the map you can see that the United States' Guantonamo Bay prison is isolated in the southwest area of Cuba.
6: Culture | Cuba has a vast culture because of where the populous originated and where they are located. Spanish is the official Cuban language. Often Cubans use their hands too talk occasionally tapping someone when trying to make a point in a conversation. Even though Spanish is the main language, English is required in Cuban schools. 11million people live in Cuba, but the population is decreasing .01% each year. Around 10% of Cubans are African-decent while most are a Spanish-African hybrid ethnicity that makes up 25% of the population. Religion is allowed in Cuba, yet it is rarely practiced because of socialism in the government. Cubans often hold festivals and are festive people. Most Cubans love their country but are often poor and live a lower-quality of life. Men enjoy baseball and often argue over the economy, troubles, and passion for the nation.
7: Common clothing in Cuba is lightweight, casual clothing. Keeping clean is important to all Cubans. For special occasions women often wear dresses. The life expectancy in Cuba is excellent and the best in Latin America.
8: Themes of Geography | Cuba's geography and natural resources play a big role in it's history. If the soil in Cuba hadn't been good enough to produce coffee and other crops, slaves wouldn't have been brought over by boat and the populous would not have major African roots. The Cuban economy has gone up and down throughout history, along with that the quality of life has also been a roller-coaster. As the economy drastically dropped the tourism business in Cuba rose to create revenue for the country. Still to this day the Cuban quality of life depends on the economy.
9: Power houses in Cuba have corrupted it's government more than once in it's history. From Spain's colonization to the Castro family's reign the dominant people rule the country. The needs of the people in Cuba have been met, but in a low-grade way. Most of the people are poor and barely make enough to live let alone thrive. This has to do with the dictatorship in Cuba not wanting an uprise of a powerful person overthrowing the current dictatorship.